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Career Library



Biology is a branch of the natural sciences, and is concerned with the study of living organisms. Biologists investigate the function, structure, growth, distribution, taxonomy and evolution of living organisms. It is an eclectic field that draws from various disciplines and branches. Their work helps generate awareness and understanding of the natural world in which we live, and forms the basis of many other disciplines like medicine, genetics and biotech

Career Opportunities in Biology

  • Health Care
    The work of Biologists can aid the development of public health campaigns and help defeat various life-threatening illnesses such as AIDS, TB, heart disease, cancer, etc.
  • Business and Industries
    Biologists research and test new products by working in collaboration with drug companies and scientific products suppliers to services to. They may also work in the domains of sales and marketing.
  • Environmental Management and Conservation
    Biologists also work to solve environmental management and conservation issues, to help preserve the natural world for future generations. Potential professional opportunities include working with state/federal natural resource agencies, private ecological consulting firms, or wildlife rehabilitation centers, etc.
  • Consultant
    Biologists may work as policy advocates for scientific organizations and non-profits, at the state or national level, or can even serve as a representative for a political committee or working group. They also collaborate with lawmakers to develop new legislation on topics such as environmental protection and biomedical research.
  • Research
    Biologists involved in research engage in the study of the natural world in the laboratory as well as the natural world, by employing different scientific tools and techniques. This helps to increase our understanding of the natural world.
  • Writing and Communication
    Biologists can also find work as journalists and writers, as their scientific background makes them the right candidates to inform the public about emerging biological issues. Such Biologists have excellent writing and communication skills, and work with online magazines, science blogs, journals and print/media networks.
  • Education
    Life science educators can find employment opportunities at various schools and colleges, as well as in museums, zoos, aquariums, etc., where they get the chance to share their knowledge with others.

How to Pursue a Career in Biology

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) in Life Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) in Environmental Sciences or Bachelors in any other related fields for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Bio-Sciences or M.Sc. in Life Sciences for 2 years-
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) in Life Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) in Environmental Sciences or Bachelors in any other related fields for 3 yearsPursue Diploma/PG Diploma in Bio-Sciences or Life Sciences for 1 year-
Path 3
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) in Life Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) in Environmental Sciences or Bachelors in any other related fields for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Bio-Sciences or M.Sc. in Life Sciences for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 3-5 years

Important Facts

  • Some colleges/university have admissions in B.Sc. (Hons) in Biology following their own entrance test or consider the marks in the qualifying exam.

Leading Institutes

Top Biology Institutes in India
College Location Website
University of Delhi (Multiple Colleges) New Delhi www.du.ac.in
Loyala college, University of Madras Chennai www.loyolacollege.edu
Christ University Bengaluru www.christuniversity.in/sciences/chemistry
Fergusson College, Savitraibai phule Pune University Pune www.fergusson.edu/departments/department/id/12
Madras Christian college, University of Madras Chennai www.mcc.edu.in
St. Xavier's College, University of Mumbai Mumbai www.xaviers.edu/main
Stella Maris college, University of Madras Chennai www.stellamariscollege.org
St. Jospeh College, Bangalore University Bengaluru www.sjc.ac.in
The Oxford College of Science Bengaluru www.theoxford.edu
Mount Carmel college, Bangalore University Bengaluru www.mountcarmelcollegeblr.co.in
Women's Christian College, University of Madras Chennai www.wcc.edu.in/contact
St. Francis College for Women, Osmania University Hyderbad www.sfc.ac.in
St. Xavier's College, Gujarat University Ahmedabad www.sxca.edu.in
Ramnarain Ruia College, University of Mumbai Mumbai www.ruiacollege.edu/web
Mithibai College of Arts, University of Mumbai Mumbai www.mithibai.ac.in
Utkal University Odisha www.utkaluniversity.nic.in
Aligarh Muslim University UttarPradesh www.amu.ac.in
University of Rajasthan Rajasthan www.uniraj.ac.in
Top Biology Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu
University of Cambridge United Kingdom www.cam.ac.uk
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States www.web.mit.edu
University of Oxford United Kingdom www.ox.ac.uk
Stanford University United States www.stanford.edu
University of California, Berkeley United States www.berkeley.edu
California Institute of Technology United States www.caltech.edu
Yale University United Sates www.yale.edu
ETH Zurich Switzerland www.ethz.ch/en.html
University of California, Los Angeles United Sates www.ucla.edu
Kyoto University Japan www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en
University of Toronto Canada www.utoronto.ca
National University of Singapore Singapore www.nus.edu.sg
Imperial College London United Kingdom www.imperial.ac.uk
University College London United Kingdom www.ucl.ac.uk

Work Description

  • Identifying, assorting, reporting and observing organisms and their environment
  • Study life in different forms, research on important processes and how organisms relate to their environment
  • Performing experiments by means of various scientific methods
  • Preparing, presenting and publishing reports of the data collected
  • Performing field works and laboratory research and experiments
  • Developing new drugs or medical treatments
  • Keeping up to date with the latest research and technological developments
  • Observing the effects of human activities on the organisms

Pros & Cons of a Career in Biology

  • There are a number of avenues available for employment, including pharmaceuticals, health care, environmental management, research and development departments of organizations etc.
  • There is a wide amount of specializations in the field and many routes for pursuing a career in biology.
  • Job can be interesting and intellectually stimulating for those who enjoy analytical and scientific work.
  • Professionals have a chance to provide meaningful contributions to society through discoveries and innovations.
  • The nature of the work can be hazardous and may involve potential exposure to harmful substances or organisms.
  • Professionals frequently have to work for long hours and under deadlines.
  • The path to a successful career in this field is long, and most research organizations require a qualification of Ph.D.
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