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Career Library



Botany, also referred to as Plant Biology, involves the study of plants, including their growth, structure, differentiation, evolution and development etc. Botanists study the interactions of plants and the environment, their life processes, observe their growth in different conditions, conduct experiments to see how they convert chemical compounds to complex chemicals, and their genetic properties that control their development. For this end, botanists employ specialized equipment to conduct their researches and prepare reports on their findings.

Career Opportunities in Botany

  • Business and Industries
    Individuals with a degree in Botany are hired by pharmaceuticals, nurseries, horticulturists, and different industries such as food, fermentation, chemical, oil etc.
  • Landscape Industries
    Many Botanists are hired in the landscape industry and find work in the development of parks, botanical gardens, biodiversity parks, aesthetic gardens, etc. Jobs in this area are widely available in the public sector.
  • Natural Resource Centre
    Botanists are actively employed in different natural resource centers, in both the public and private sectors. The position of a Forest Resource Manager is one of the most common and popular ones in this area.
  • Environmental Consultancy
    Botanists can find work with environmental consultancies as biodiversity assessors, restoration experts, environment conversationalists, etc. Such consultancies are present both in the private as well as the public sector.
  • Research
    Research is one the major duties of a botanist. Botanists with various specializations can work in their research area of interest with various government and private organizations, as well as educational institutes.
  • Education
    Educational institutes are one of the leading employers of Botany graduates. Botanists can find jobs in schools, colleges and other educational institutions as a teacher/lecturer.

How to Pursue a Career in Botany

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Botany or B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) Life Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Sciences for 3 yearsPursue M. Sc. Botany or M.Sc. in Life Sciences for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 3-5 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Botany or B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) Life Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Sciences for 3 yearsPursue Diploma/PG Diploma in Botany/Life Sciences for 1-2 years-

Important Facts

  • Some colleges/university have admissions in B.Sc. (Hons) in Botany following their own entrance test or consider the marks in the qualifying exam.

Leading Institutes

Top Botany Institutes in India
College Location Website
Sri Venkateswara College New Delhi www.svc.ac.in
Hansraj College New Delhi www.hansrajcollege.ac.in
Hindu College New Delhi www.hinducollege.org
Gargi College New Delhi www.gargi.du.ac.in
Ramjas College New Delhi www.ramjascollege.edu
Kirori Mal College New Delhi www.kmcollege.ac.in
St. Xavier's College Mumbai www.xaviers.edu/main
Mithibai College Mumbai www.mithibai.ac.in
Loyola College Chennai www.loyolacollege.edu
Women's Christian College Chennai www.wcc.edu.in
Stella Maris College Chennai www.stellamariscollege.org
Presidency College Chennai www.presidencychennai.com
St. Joseph's College Bengaluru www.sjc.ac.in/home.html
Mount Carmel College Bengaluru www.mountcarmelcollegeblr.co.in
Fergusson College Pune www.fergusson.edu
Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University Varanasi www.bhu.ac.in/science/botany
Christ University Bengaluru www.christuniversity.in
St. Teresa's College Cochin www.teresas.ac.in
Maitreyi College New Delhi www.maitreyi.ac.in
Miranda House New Delhi www.mirandahouse.ac.in
Madras Christian college Chennai www.mcc.edu.in
St. Francis College for Women Hyderabad www.sfc.ac.in
Sacred Heart College Kochi www.shcollege.ac.in/Home
Aligarh Muslim University Uttar Pradesh www.amu.ac.in
Top Botany Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu
University of Cambridge United Kingdom www.cam.ac.uk
University of Oxford United Kingdom www.ox.ac.uk
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States www.web.mit.edu
Stanford University United States www.stanford.edu
University of California, Berkeley United States www.berkeley.edu
National University of Singapore Singapore www.nus.edu.sg
Yale University United States www.yale.edu
ETH Zurich Switzerland www.ethz.ch/en.html
University of California, Los Angeles United States www.ucla.edu
Imperial College London United Kingdom www.imperial.ac.uk
Kyoto University Japan www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en
California Institute of Technology United States www.caltech.edu
University College London United Kingdom www.ucl.ac.uk
University of Toronto Canada www.utoronto.ca

Work Description

Typical activities can include
  • Recognizing, categorizing, recording and monitoring of plant species and biodiversity
  • Ecological consultancy work, comprising of surveys and environmental impact assessments
  • Managing a botanical collection
  • Hunting for novel species
  • Evaluating the effects of contamination(pollution), or developments such as new buildings, on plant life
  • Identifying and refining chemicals produced by plants for usage in products such as drugs, food, fabrics, solvents, etc.
  • Presenting research results in journals, books and at academic conferences

Pros & Cons of a Career in Botany

  • Professionals get a chance to work both in clean, indoor laboratory conditions as well as outside and in the greenhouse.
  • There are various career opportunities available in research and various private and public sectors.
  • The path to a successful career in this field is long, and most research organizations require a qualification of Ph.D.
  • The nature of work can be difficult and involve long working hours.
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