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Electrical and Electronics Engineering


Electrical and Electronics Engineers design, maintain and develop electrical control systems and equipment. They work keeping in view economy and precision of their methodology to build reliable systems that find place across various domains including transportation, telecommunications, power generation, signal transmission and distribution and scientific research. Electrical Engineers concern themselves with developing circuits and generating, distributing and using electrical energy. Whereas, Electronics engineers are concerned about the behavior of these circuits and manipulating them to work automatically. The applications of electrical/ electronic engineering are quite diverse ranging from houses to commercial offices to industries. With the boom in the electronics sector in India, aspirants looking for a specialization in this branch of engineering are likely to have extremely good future prospects.

Career Opportunities in Electrical and Electronics Engineering

How to Pursue a Career in Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech in Electrical Engineering / Electrical and Electronics Engineering / Electronics and Communication Engineering for 4 yearsPursue M.Tech for 2-3 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech + M.Tech (Dual Degree)in Electrical Engineering for 5 years-Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years

Important Facts

  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII / and some of minimum 60%
  • Must have passed class 12thor senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English
  • Some exams require JEE score as minimum eligibility
  • Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit
  • Electronics Engineering as a separate programme is available in some colleges

Leading Institutes

Top Electrical and Electronics Engineering Institutes in India
College Location Website
Indian Institute of Technology Multiple locations www.iitd.ac.in/
Birla Institute of Technology Pilani, Mesra www.bits-pilani.ac.in
National Institute of Technology, Calicut Calicut www.nitc.ac.in
National Institute of Technology, Silchar Silchar www.nits.ac.in
National Institute of Technology, Surathkal Surathkal www.nitk.ac.in
National Institute of Technology, Bhopal Bhopal www.manit.ac.in
Vellore Institute of Technology Chennai www.vit.ac.in
Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad Dhanbad www.ism.ac.in
Sri Ramaswamy Memorial University (SRM) Multiple Locations www.srmuniv.ac.in
Pandit Deen Dayal Petroleum University Gandhinagar www.pdpu.ac.in
St. Andrews Institute of Technology & Management Gurugram www.saitmgurgaon.com
International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad www.iiit.ac.in
PSG College of Technology Coimbatore www.psgtech.edu
Maharashtra Institute of Technology Pune www.mitpune.com
Manipal University Manipal, Jaipur www.manipal.edu
Top Electrical and Electronics Engineering Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
University of Manchester Manchester, United Kingdom www.manchester.ac.uk
University of Bristol City of Bristol, United Kingdom www.bristol.ac.uk
University of Edinburgh Edinburgh, United Kingdom www.ed.ac.uk
University College London London, United Kingdom www.ucl.ac.uk
Imperial College London London, United Kingdom www.imperial.ac.uk
Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States www.web.mit.edu
Stanford University United States www.stanford.edu
Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu
National University of Singapore Singapore www.nus.edu.sg
California Institute of Technology United States www.caltech.edu
University of Michigan United States www.umich.edu
University of Toronto Canada www.utoronto.ca

Electrical and Electronics Engineering Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.jeemain.nic.in
Joint Entrance Examination Advanced (JEE Advanced) May/June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.jeeadv.ac.in
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission (BITSAT) May Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, Logical Reasoning English www.bitsadmission.com/bitsatmain.aspx
Education Promotion Society of India National Admission Test (ENAT) April/May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English www.epsfi.org
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) April Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, English www.vit.ac.in
University of Delhi Combined Entrance Exam (DU-CET) June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.dtu.ac.in
Consortium Medical, Engineering & Dental Colleges of Karnataka (COMEDK) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.comedk.org
Admission Test for ICFAI Science & Technology (ATIT) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English www.icfaiuniversity.in/atit/btech_program.html
Indian Institute of Space & Technology Admission Test (ISAT) June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.iist.ac.in/admissions/undergraduate
Combined Written Admission Test (CWAT) May/June Botany Zoology Physics, Chemistry, www.acds.co.in
SRM University Engineering Exam (SRMUEE) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology www.srmuniv.ac.in
Manipal University Online Entrance Exam (MU-OEE) March/April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology www.manipal.edu
Indraprastha University Common EntranceTest (IPUCET) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.ipu.ac.in
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Graduate Aptitute Test in Engineering (GATE) (Postgraduate) Jan/Feb All Branches of engineering www.gate.iisc.ernet.in

Work Description

  • Design new products, write down requirements for their enhanced performance, as well as develop maintenance schedules and charts.
  • Test equipment and machinery, solve operational problems, estimate time and cost of electrical and electronic products.
  • Supervise the production of electrical and electronic equipments and machinery such as broadcast and telecommunication systems, electric motors, controls of machinery, lights and wiring in building complexes, vehicles, aircraft, radar and navigation systems.
  • Utilize ferroelectric, nonlinear, photo-conductive, and thermoelectric properties of materials.
  • Develop new applications of conductance of metallic & non-metallic materials to be used in components.
  • Estimate material, construction, and labour costs, and project timescales
  • Evaluate electrical systems, products, components, and applications by designing and conducting research programmes.

Pros & Cons of a Career in Electrical and Electronics Engineering

  • Opens up a wide number of opportunities in sectors like telecommunication, power, railways, aerospace, IT and artificial intelligence. Hence the scope of it remains wide.
  • Greater flexibility in switching from one industry to another as the application of Electrical and Electronics remains prevalent in multiple industries.
  • Ample number of opportunities in both public and private sector.
  • Risk associated with the hazardous profile of the job.
  • Never-ending process of learning/certifications as the engineer needs to be updated on newer process like signal processing and biomedical research.
  • Monetary Packages are expected to grow with substantial experience.
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