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Career Library



Physiotherapy is a medical profession where a physiotherapist helps patient with physical problems caused by illness, injury or aging. They work at different locations from a hospital ward to the pitch of a major sports team. Whatever your specialization is, your job is to rehabilitate ill and injured patients. Patients include children, the elderly, stroke patients and people with sports injuries.

Career Opportunities as a Physiotherapist

  • Geriatric Medicine
    They provide people with a variety of services and work with people individually, evaluating their physical capabilities. They design specific programs of exercise, education and wellness for them. They also work with other health care providers to coordinate the person's care.
  • Intensive care
    Respiratory and rehabilitation are the two key areas in the ICU. Respiratory Physiotherapists help patients to clear this excess sputum. Rehabilitation Physiotherapists' on the other hand play a vital role in maintaining and improving muscle strength and joint movement.
  • Mental Health
    They provide skilled, accessible and equitable rehabilitation services for in-patients suffering from mental illness.
  • Outpatients Department
    Physiotherapists working in Specialist Clinic (outpatient clinic), treat patients with varied conditions following injury or surgery. The problem faced by such patients is not very severe, and they come for regular sittings.
  • Orthopedics
    They specialize in the treatment of patients undergoing planned surgery. They also treat patients who are admitted to hospital due to a traumatic accident or incident.
  • Pediatrics
    They work with children and they have the right skills and specific knowledge to deliver appropriate care and education to encourage family involvement.
  • Women's Health
    They help in the therapeutic treatment of all disorders affecting the pelvis and pelvic floor.

How to Become a Physiotherapist

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue Bachelors in Physiotherapy for 4.5 years (4 years study + 6 months internship)Pursue Masters in Physiotherapy for 2 years-
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue Diploma in Physiotherapy for 3.5 years

Pursue Bachelors in Physiotherapy for 4.5 years (4 years study + 6 months internship)
Pursue Masters in Physiotherapy for 2 years-

Important Facts

  • Most college have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII / and some of minimum 60%.
  • Must have passed class 12thor senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English.
  • Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit (17 at 31st December of the year of admission).
  • Diploma Courses only make you eligible for assistance in physiotherapy. To practice physiotherapy, a Bachelor's Degree in Physiotherapy (BPT) is required.

Leading Institutes

Top Physiotherapy Institutes in India
College Location Website
Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Institute for Physically Handicapped New Delhi www.iphnewdelhi.in/Home.aspx?ReturnUrl=%2f
Medical College Baroda www.medicalcollegebaroda.edu.in/index.html
Apollo College Hyderabad www.apollocollegedurg.com/ApolloCollege/Site/Index.php
Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences Telangana www.nims.edu.in
Indian Institute of Health Education and Research Bihar www.iiher.com
Amar Jyoti Charitable Trust New Delhi www.ajipt.org
Dr. D.Y.Patil College of Physiotherapy Mumbai www.dypatil.edu
School of physiotherapy, Orthopedic Centre, K E.M. Hospital Mumbai www.kem.edu
Annamalai University Tamil Nadu www.annamalaiuniversity.ac.in
Dept. of Physiotherapy, MS Ramiah Medical College Bengaluru www.msrmc.ac.in
Top Physiotherapy Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
The University of Queensland Australia www.uq.edu.au/departments
The University of Melbourne Australia www.healthsciences.unimelb.edu.au/departments/physiotherapy
Auckland University of technology New Zealand www.aut.ac.nz/study-at-aut/study-areas/health-sciences
Loma Linda University California www.alliedhealth.llu.edu
Mount Saint Mary's University Los Angeles www.msmu.edu/graduate-programs/physical-therapy
University of Southern California California www.pt.usc.edu
Texas Women University Delton www.twu.edu/physical-therapy

Work Description

  • Help in the physical movement of the patients suffering from physical disabilities
  • Understand the history of the ailment and its severity
  • Perform examinations on the patient to ensure right treatment
  • Use variety of treatments such as massage, exercise, heat therapy, cold therapy, etc.
  • Record the history of treatment of the patient with periodic updates
  • Be empathetic, caring and assertive with the patients
  • Advise the client and the family for maintaining the progress
  • Manage during emergent situations with basic safety measures
  • Remain up to-date with the contemporary research on new techniques and technologies

Pros & Cons of a Career in Physiotherapy

  • Job Satisfaction: Tremendous personal satisfaction when you know your efforts have helped someone return to their normal life. Three out of four physical therapists says that they are "very satisfied" with their profession.
  • Highly Respected Professional: They are highly educated and trained expert in how the human body moves and functions. They are an essential part of the health care team that is caring for the patient.
  • Proficiency in a Variety of Techniques: They learn variety of techniques, including ultrasound, electrotherapy, massage, etc.
  • Physically Demanding: It is a very demanding career, and it is important to maintain a great diet and get enough sleep to achieve well-being.
  • Burn Out: You can feel emotionally stressful to deal with injured patients all day, most of them who are in pain. Not all of them will be pleasant to work with. It can be frustrating when clients refuse to follow the plan established for them all together.
  • Long working hours: In certain cases, you might be required to work for longer hours.
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