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Political Science


Political Science necessitate understanding political ideologies, policies, institutions, processes and behavior, along with groups, classes, diplomacy, law, government, strategy and war. Students of political science grab an advanced understanding of the functioning of the government, development of policies along with conducting research and analyzing data related to political affairs. A background in political science is valuable for future careers in government, law, business, media, or public service.

Career Opportunities in Political Science

  • Government and advocacy jobs
    A wide range of government occupations, from urban planning to legislature to intelligence bodies, are available for those with a majors in political science. Many political scientists in Central, State and Local Government are engaged in research and evaluation of functions of the Government. Some are administrators and many others are engaged in policy analysis or problem solving for the intelligence agencies.
  • Lobbyist Professions
    One can find jobs lobbying the government on behalf of interest groups and other non-government organizations. These individuals work closely with various stages of government, negotiating with elected officials and influencing policy to advance the goals of their employers or clients.
  • Teaching Professions
    Employment opportunities for individuals with political science majors are available at the school level and at the college level.
  • Media
    An individual with political science degree and an experience of 3-5 years in journalism can find jobs in the media as a Political Correspondent whose job is to prepare political reports, articles and interviews for print and online publications, as well as television and radio broadcasts.
  • Research
    Public Opinion Research and analysis is of interest to those in politics, and communication. One might also be employed in a university, business organisation, non-profit organisation or an advocacy sector. One might also head one's own research and consulting firm.
  • Business Organisations
    In industries, they are often employed as industrial political scientists. Their main duties are to evaluate the effects of laws and policies on business and forecast political, economic and social trends.
  • Politicians
    Politicians represent the political, financial, administrative, economic, educational and other interests of their communities, and attempt to become elected to represent those interests on a legislative level. Politicians may perform their duties at a municipal, regional or national level.
  • Law Careers
    There are several aspects of law that might appeal to students with an undergraduate political science degree. Such jobs incorporate the understanding and enforcement of government rules, the interpretation of political ideas and the use of analytical skills. In addition to private practice, lawyers can work at the corporate level or for public sector institutions. They might also work as consumer advocates, judges or district attorneys.

How to Pursue a Career in Political Science

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
path 1
Clear Class XII in any Stream With Political Science as a SubjectPursue Bachelors in Political Science/ Public Administration for 3 yearsPursue Masters in Journalism for 1-2 years in India or Abroad to become a political correspondent.-
path 2
Clear Class XII in any Stream With Political Science as a Subject Pursue Bachelors in Political Science/ Public Administration for 3 yearsPursue LLB for 5 years To become a Human Rights Advocate-
path 3
Clear Class XII in any Stream with Political science as a subject.Pursue B.A.(H) Political Science for 3 yearsPursue Masters in Political Science for 1-2 years in India or AbroadPursue M.Phil in Political Science for 2 years and/or Ph.D in Political Science for 3-5 years

Important Facts

  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII.
  • No mandatory subject in Class XII.
  • Most of the institutes for post-graduation require bachelors in Political Science or/and related subjects.
  • For Lectureship in Political Science, National Educational Test (NET) or Ph.D. is mandatory.
  • Most Colleges/Institutes provide admission on the basis of Class 12th percentage/merit. Some institutes also conduct interviews.
  • There are various other colleges in Delhi University who offer this course.

Leading Institutes

Top Political Science Institutes in India
College Location Website
Lady Shri ram college for women New Delhi
University of Hyderabad Hyderabad
Jawaharlal nehru University New Delhi
Hindu College New Delhi
St. Xavier's College, Kolkata Kolkata
St. Xavier's College, Mumbai Mumbai
Ashoka University Sonepat
Sri Venkateswara College New Delhi
Jesus & Mary College New Delhi
Fergusson College Pune
Banaras Hindu University Varanasi
Banasthali University Jaipur
Fakir Mohan University Balasore Odisha
Karnataka University Dharwad Karnataka
Allahabad University Utter Pradesh
Berhampur University Odisha
Top Political Science Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Harvard University United States
Princeton University United States
University of Oxford United Kingdom
London School of Economics and Political Science United Kingdom
The Australian National University Australia
Stanford University United States
National University of Singapore Singapore

Work Description

  • Publish research results through academic publications, written reports, or public presentations
  • Develop and test theories, using information from interviews, newspapers, periodicals, case law, historical papers, polls, or statistical sources
  • Collect, analyze, and interpret data such as election results and public opinion surveys, reporting on findings, recommendations, and conclusions
  • Evaluate programmes and policies, and make related recommendations to institutions and organizations
  • Write drafts of legislative proposals, and prepare speeches, correspondence, and policy papers for governmental use
  • Forecast political, economic, and social trends
  • Consult and advise government officials, civic bodies, research agencies, media, political parties, and others concerned with political issues
  • Provide media commentary or criticism related to public policy and political issues and events

Pros & Cons of a Career in Political Science

  • Great option for entering into fields like Law, Politics etc.
  • Dynamic subject and helpful in understanding the world around.
  • Scoring subject and a good foundation course for government services
  • Not a professional course
  • Needs writing skills to be sharp
  • Needs Master’s degree for good job opportunities
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