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Home Science


Home Science is both a science and an art related multi-disciplinary field of study involving biology, chemistry, physics, physiology, hygiene, economics, rural development, child development, sociology and family relations, community living, art, nutrition, textiles and home management. One can specialize in any of the five streams of home science - Food and Nutrition, Resource Management, Human Development, Fabric and Apparel Science and Communication and Extension or have a general understanding of all streams. A career in Home Science is best suited for modern women with keen aesthetic sensibilities in contemporary arts & modern housekeeping among others.

Career Opportunities in Home Science

  • Production Industry
    Production industry has a wide spectrum involving food preservation, Cooking, Fabric Production and dress manufacturing. In the Food manufacturing industry, options are available in food processing units and food preservation departments as food analysts, quality analysts, quality controllers and quality managers.
  • Tourism and service industry
    Home science has great opportunities in the tourism industry and/or in hotels, tourist resorts, etc. as catering agents, interior designer, cook, food analysts, bakers as well as a health care professional. They are employed as dieticians in hospitals, schools and various other organizations.
  • Healthcare industry
    Health Centers can provide special advice for the dietary needs of people suffering from different diseases. Suitable therapeutic nutrition and physical education would enable the home science graduate to set up support centers for people with special dietary needs. Guidance could be given to the individuals for keeping fit through diet and exercise and management of obesity and related conditions.
  • Dietetics and Nutrition
    The role of the dietitian is pivotal for food analysis, food management and food therapy. Dieticians and nutritionists are concerned about the individual needs and prescribe diet as per human physiology, calorie intake, bearing in mind the pros and cons of various diseases.
  • Teaching and research
    One of the major careers available are as food scientists, research associates, teachers and professors. Candidates with a masters degree can opt for teaching positions or research positions.
  • Self-Employment
    The Home Science Graduates/Post-graduates can set up confectionery, Ice-cream Parlors and Bakery. They can use innovation skill to evolve their own products, dress making out, interior designing and may design their own place in a way that's unique and exciting to the customers.
  • Textile and Clothing
    The textile industry is one of the most flourishing in India with increasing focus on fashion and textile. Thus the job of the home science individual is in fabric construction, dyeing, printing and evaluating, identifying and selecting fabrics/products from suppliers based on the suitability and testing for performance under various conditions. Major job profile of home science graduates in textile industry is as apparel and textile designers.
  • Resource Management
    Resource Management involves the study of managing by organizing the home economically and effectively. The home not only implies the basic facts about house hold but the housing designs, furnishing by effective use of the money and labor using a method of getting the maximum work done through the minimum resources.

How to Pursue a Career in Home Science

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
path 1
Class XII with science/any stream (Home science as an option)Pursue B.Sc. in Home Science for 3 years PursueM.Sc. Home Science (Specializations in Food and Nutrition, Family Resource Management, Apparel and Textile Science, Extension and Communication Management and Human Development) for 1-2 years Pursue M.Phil in Home Science for 2 years or/and Ph.D. for 3-4 years
Class XII with Science/any stream (Home Science as an option)Pursue B.Sc. Home Science for 3 years Pursue P.G. Diploma in Home Science for 1-2 years -

Important Facts

  • Most Colleges/Institutes provide admission on the basis of Class 12th percentage. Some institutes also conduct interviews.
  • Most college have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII with Science Stream or Home Science as one of the subjects.
  • Sc./ M.Sc. Home Science is available as a course only in select colleges with specialization in different fields.
  • Some colleges have mandatory requirement of having passed Class XII with at least one of Physics, Chemistry or Biology/ Home Science
  • Recommended Subjects - Physics, Chemistry, Biology/ Home Science For Lectureship in Home Science, National Educational Test (NET) or Ph.D is mandatory

Leading Institutes

Top Home Science Institutes in India
College Location Website
Lady Irwin College (University of Delhi) New Delhi
J.D. Birla Institute of Home Science Kolkata
S.N.D.T. Women's University Mumbai
College of Home Science (Assam Agricultural University) Jorhat, Assam
College of Home Science Hyderabad, Bhubaneshwar, Bikaner
Department of Home Science (University of Calcutta) Kolkata
Nirmala Niketan college of Home Sciences(University of Bombay) Mumbai -
Government Home Science College (Panjab University) Chandigarh
CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University Palampur, Himachal Pradesh
St. Joseph's Degree College for Women (Andhra University) Visakhapatnam
College of Home Science (Rajendra Agricultural University) Bihar
Goa college of Home Science Goa
Banasthali University Rajasthan

Work Description

  • Work with a variety of materials including man-made and natural textiles, leather, fur, plastics and metals
  • Provide nutritional counseling and create a clinical treatment plan
  • Evaluate the nutritional needs of patients
  • Develop fabrics for furnishings, clothing, household items, medical supplies, or textiles for use within the automotive industry
  • Schedule home maintenance and repair work, and supervise the project
  • Manage the household schedules and calendar evaluating the nutritional value, colour, flavour and texture of food
  • Work closely with other food production staff including microbiologists, engineers, packaging specialists and buyers
  • Prepare and implement learning and skills development plans for targeted population, on a weekly and/or monthly basis.
  • Prepare instructional, developmental, and recreational materials, facilities, and equipments

Pros & Cons of a Career in Home Science

  • Provides a wide scope of subjects to study and specialize in
  • It is a professional field of study
  • Good prospects in terms of salary and jobs
  • Only for people who love biology and sciences
  • No other con as such
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