Archaeology is the scientific and orderly study of human cultures through the recovery, analysis and documentation of material remains and environmental data, like artifacts, seals, inscriptions, monuments, edifices, landscapes and bio-facts. Most of archaeologists in India work in the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in its exploration, excavation, epigraphy, pre-history and museum branches (for these jobs, the ASI diploma is a must) for the conservation and maintenance of the 3,600 centrally protected sites and monuments, chemical preservation of antiquarian remains and the organization and maintenance of site museum, and publications among other things.
Numismatics is the study of currency, i.e. coins, banknotes, or money as an exchange object in some other form like beads, tokens, and related objects. It also has numerous specialization like Exonumia (Study of Coin), Notaphily (Study of paper money) and Scripophily (study of stocks or bond).
Epigraphy is the study of inscriptions or epigraphs as writing involving identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers. Thus, it has an artistic value of literary composition which aims to understand the purpose, style, political, religious and cultural traditions of the symbols of the inscriptions.
Archivists acquire, manage and maintain documents and other materials that have historical importance for individuals, organizations and nations. They work with paper documents, photographs, maps, films, and computer record projects describing or preserving a body of records.
Museology, or museum studies the art of studying museums, museum curation, and how museums developed into their institutional role in education in the context of social and political forces. Museologist also maintain the record of each item - the origin, age and conservation details.
Heritage management is a growing field that is concerned with the identification, protection, and stewardship of cultural heritage in the public interest whereas the environment management is concerned about the protection of natural resources and historic buildings.