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Anthropology

Summary

Anthropologists take a broad approach to study human beings and many different aspects of human experience by considering the past and the present. Anthropology is a science that deals with the study of the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics and social customs as well as beliefs of human beings. There are many subfields of anthropology, some of them being archaeology, biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, and linguistic anthropology.

Career Opportunities in Anthropology

  • Academic
    Anthropologists can teach in the anthropology department at the undergraduate and the post graduate level or conduct research in the research settings. Anthropological Survey of India conducts fellowship programmes for carry out research for the young and promising scholars.
  • Corporate and Business organizations
    Anthropologists are in demand in the business settings paying heed to their research skills which are useful in analyzing consumer preference patterns in order to find out ways to improve the products and services that better meets the needs of the consumers.
  • Government Organizations
    State and local governmental organizations use anthropologists in planning and research. Forensic anthropologists may work with police departments to help identify mysterious or unknown remains or also work in university and museum settings. Possible career paths include: cultural resource management, forensic and physical anthropology, natural resource management, and defence and security sectors.
  • Non-Governmental Organizations
    Non-governmental organizations, employ anthropologists to help design and implement a wide variety of programs. Many anthropologists work in local, community-based settings for non-profit agencies and also work for established organizations in a community like the YMCA, local schools, or environmental organizations.

How to Become an Anthropologist

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
path 1
Class XII with Science Stream Pursue B.Sc. Anthropology for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc Anthropology for 2 years in India or AbroadPost Graduate Diploma in Anthropology for 1 year
path 2
Class XII with Humanities Stream Pursue B.A(H) Anthropology for 3 yearsPursue M.A Anthropology for 2 years in India or AbroadPost Graduate Diploma in Anthropology for 1 year Pursue Ph.D in Anthropology
path 3
Class XII with any StreamPursue Bachelor’s Degree in History/Anthropology and/or related fields such as Sociology/ Psychology , etc.Pursue Master’s Degree in Anthropology in India or Abroad-

Important Facts

  • Most college have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII.
  • Most Colleges/Institutes provide admission on the basis of Class 12th Percentage. Some institutes also conduct interviews.

Leading Institutes

Top Anthropology Institutes in India
College Location Website
Hansraj College Delhi www.hansrajcollege.ac.in/academics/courses/anthropology.php
Hindu College Delhi www.hinducollege.ac.in
University of Allahabad Allahabad www.allduniv.ac.in
Punjab University, Chandigarh Chandigarh www.puchd.ac.in
School of Social Sciences, University of Hyderabad Hyderabad www.uohyd.ac.in
Faculty of Life Sciences Chattisgarh www.prsu.ac.in
Karnatak University, Dharwad Dharwad www.kud.ac.in
University of Calcutta Kolkata www.caluniv.ac.in
Vidyasagar University, West Bengal Kolkata www.vidyasagar.ac.in
Top Anthropology Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu
University of Oxford United Kingdom www.ox.ac.uk
University of Cambridge United Kingdom www.cam.ac.uk
London School of Economics & Political Science United Kingdom www.lse.ac.uk
University of California, Berkeley United States www.berkeley.edu
University of Chicago United States www.uchicago.edu
The Australian National University Australia www.anu.edu.au
Stanford University United States www.stanford.edu
University of Michigan United States www.umich.edu
University of Toronto Canada www.utoronto.ca

Work Description

  • Plan and direct research to characterize and compare the economic, demographic, health care, social, political, linguistic, and religious institutions of distinct cultural groups, communities, and organizations
  • Formulate general rules that describe and predict the development and behaviour of cultures and social institutions
  • Explain origins and physical, social, or cultural development of human beings including their physical attributes,traditions, beliefs and settlement patterns
  • Develop intervention procedures, using techniques such as individual and focus on group interviews, consultations, and participant observation of social interaction
  • Collaborate with economic development planners to decide on the implementation of proposed development policies
  • Build geographic information systems (GIS) to record, analyze, and cartographically represent the distribution of languages, cultural and natural resources

Pros & Cons of a Career in Anthropology

Pros
  • Opportunity to contribute to Culture and History
  • Opportunity to work with organizations such as UNICEF, UNESCO, etc.
  • Interesting subject to study
Cons
  • Tedious work and long working hours
  • Requires a lot of patience and need to stay away from home for long periods
  • Limited Institutions in India offer jobs
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