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Meteorology

Summary

Meteorology is the scientific study of the atmosphere and its elements, with special emphasis on the weather and climate.

Career Opportunities in Meteorology

  • Climatology
    Climatologists work to predict the weather on the basis of atmospheric conditions. Their discoveries help society in planning activities, designing buildings and infrastructure, and anticipating the effects of adverse conditions.
  • Synoptic Meteorology
    A branch of meteorology concerned with the study and forecasting of weather using synoptic weather observations and charts.
  • Dynamic Meteorology
    This particular branch of meteorology deals with the study of atmospheric motion to describe the atmospheric processes through mathematical equations.
  • Agricultural Meteorology
    It involves the study of weather to analyse its effect on crops, to aid the improvement of crop yield and quality, and minimize the adverse effect of weather on crops.
  • Aviation Meteorology
    It is a branch of metereology dealing with the impact of weather and climate on air traffic management. It aims to help air crews understand the consequences of weather conditions for their flight plan and aircraft.

How to Pursue a Career in Meteorology

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science StreamPursue B.Sc. Meteorology/ Physics/Mathematics/Computer Science for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Meteorology/ Atmospheric Sciences/ Disaster Management for 1-2 yearsPh. D for 2-3 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science StreamPursue B.Tech in Atmospheric Sciences for 4 yearsPursue M. Tech Atmospheric Sciences for 2 years.Ph.D. for 2-3 years

Important Facts

  • Most colleges have an eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII with Science Stream.
  • B.Sc./ M.Sc. Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences is available as a course only in selected colleges.
  • Atmospheric Science requires a strong base in science, especially Physics.

Leading Institutes

Top Meteorology Institutes in India
College Location Website
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi www.cas.iitd.ac.in
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur www.iitkgp.ac.in
Shivaji University Kolhapur www.unishivaji.ac.in
Centre for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Bengaluru www.caos.iisc.ernet.in
Andhra University Visakhapatnam www.andhrauniversity.edu.in/science/meteorology/index.html
Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology Pune www.tropmet.res.in
Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences Uttarakhand www.aries.res.in
Cochin University of Science & Technology Cochin, Kerala www.cusat.ac.in
Department of Atmospheric and Space Sciences, Savitribai Phule Pune University Pune www.unipune.ac.in/dept/science/atmospheric_and_space_sciences
Sri Ram Engineering College Tamil Nadu www.sriramec.edu.in
St. Peter's Engineering College Tamil Nadu www.stpetersuniversity.org
Atal Bihari Vajpayee Hindi Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal Madhya Pradesh www.abvhv.org
Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Gujrat Gujrat www.sdau.edu.in
Top Meteorology Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States www.web.mit.edu
University of California, Berkeley United States www.berkeley.edu
Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu
Cornell University United States www.cornell.edu
Princeton University United States www.princeton.edu/main
University of California- Los Angeles United States www.ucla.edu
University of Oxford United Kingdom www.ox.ac.uk
University of Cambridge United Kingdom www.cam.ac.uk
ETH Zurich Switzerland www.ethz.ch/en.html
Wageningen University Netherlands www.wageningenur.nl/en/wageningen-university.htm
National University of Singapore (NUS) Singapore www.nus.edu.sg

Meteorology Entrance Exams

Undergraduate
College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
JEE Main April Physics, Chemistry, Maths www.jeemain.nic.in/webinfo/Public/Home.aspx
JEE Advanced May Physics, Chemistry, Maths www.jeeadv.ac.in
Postgraduate
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Graduate Aptitude Test of Engineering (GATE) January - February Field-specific topics www.gate.iisc.ernet.in
University of Pune National Level Entrance Examination July Physics, Mathematics, Statistics www.unipune.ac.in/dept/science/atmospheric_and_space_sciences/atm_spec_webfiles/admissions.htm

Work Description

  • Collect data from satellite images, radars, remote sensors and weather stations all over the world
  • Measure factors such as air pressure, temperature and humidity levels at various atmospheric levels
  • Analyze and present information to customers in the form of weather briefings
  • Code weather reports for transmission over international networks
  • Apply physical and mathematical relationships and sophisticated computer models to make short and long-range weather forecasts
  • Liaise with colleagues and clients around the country and worldwide.
  • Investigate into subjects such as airflow in the lowest kilometer of the atmosphere, the physics of clouds and precipitation, or global climatic changes
  • Monitor climate variability and changes
  • Examine seasonal forecasting, ocean forecasting and climate changes

Pros & Cons of a Career in Meteorology

Pros
  • Studying weather patterns can be an exciting type of work.
  • The work provides a chance to travel the country and overseas.
  • The work is stimulating for those interested in environmental research.
Cons
  • The work can often stretch to long hours, and the timings are flexible.
  • Field work requires one to report on hurricanes, floods, etc which can be dangerous.
  • The seats and opportunities for this career are limited.
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