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Disaster Management

Summary

Disaster management as a career field deals with the management of programs and resources in order to prepare and respond to emergency situations created by natural disasters such as flood, tsunamis, earthquakes, and tornadoes. Professionals in the field undertake the responsibility of preparation, rescue, recovery and rehabilitation measures in the event of natural disasters, in order to lessen their impact.

Career Opportunities in Disaster Management

  • Disaster Prevention
    Disaster prevention is one of the major and most important task of disaster managers. It is focused on activities and measures undertaken to prevent the occurrence of natural disasters and human hazards.
  • Disaster Preparedness
    A crucial phase of disaster management; disaster preparedness is concerned with the reduction of the impact and damage caused by disasters. It can involve activities such as removing people and property from a high-alert location in order to facilitate effective and timely rescue.
  • Disaster Relief
    Disaster relief is a coordinated response to reduce the impact of disasters and their long-term results. Relief activities include relocation, rescue providing water, food and shelter, providing emergency health care, taking steps to prevent disease and disability, etc.
  • Disaster Recovery
    Disaster recovery involves initiating activities to help the disaster areas recover after an emergency. These activities include reconstructing infrastructure, administering health care and rehabilitation, developing policies and practices to avoid similar situations in the future.

How to Pursue a Career in Disaster Management

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Any streamPursue B.A. / B.Sc. in any field for 3 years. Pursue M.A/ M.Sc/MBA in Disaster Management for 2 years. Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years in Disaster Management
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Any streamPursue B.A. / B.Sc. in any field for 3 yearsPursue P.G Diploma in Disaster Management/ Certification Programs of Disaster Management for 1-2 years -

Important Facts

  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII.
  • M.Sc. Disaster Management and Post-Graduation Diploma in Disaster Management available as a course only in selected colleges.
  • This is a specialized field which is done at the Post-Graduation level.
  • No Mandatory Subject in Class XII.
  • Anyone after graduation can pursue this course.

Leading Institutes

Top Disaster Management Institutes in India
College Location Website
Jamsetji Tata Centre for Disaster Management, Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) Mumbai www.tiss.edu
Indian Institute of Ecology and Environment New Delhi www.ecology.edu
National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) New Delhi www.nidm.gov.in/default.asp
Indira Gandhi National Open University New Delhi www.ignou.ac.in
School of Distance Learning (Annamalai University) Annamalai, Tamil Nadu www.annamalaiuniversity.ac.in/dde/aboutus.php
University Centre for Disaster Management (Guru Govind Singh Indraprastha University) Dwarka, Delhi www.ipu.ac.in
School of Distance learning (Sikkim Manipal University of Health, Medical and Technological Sciences) Manipal www.smu.edu.in/smu.html
Department of Geography (Panjab University) Chandigarh www.geography.puchd.ac.in/show-courses.php
International Centre of Madras University (Madras University) Chennai www.unom.ac.in/ucir/course_info.html
The Global Open University Nagaland www.nagaland.net.in
National Civil Defense College Nagpur www.cddrm-ncdc.org/e38903/e38908/e36505
Asian Institute of Fire Safety Chattisgarh www.asianfireshe.in/index_home.html
Faculty of Environmental Science, Rajiv Gandhi University Arunachal Pradesh www.rgu.ac.in
North-Eastern Hill University Shillong www.nehu.ac.in
Top Disaster Management Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Australian National University Australia www.anu.edu.au
University of Manchester United Kingdom www.manchester.ac.uk
University of Copenhagen Denmark www.ku.dk/english
Lund University Sweden www.lunduniversity.lu.se/home
Georgetown University United States www.georgetown.edu
York University Canada www.yorku.ca/index.html

Disaster Management Entrance Exams

Postgraduate
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
TISS-NET January General awareness, English proficiency, Maths and Logical reasoning www.admissions.tiss.edu/view/6/admissions/ma-admissions/tissnet

Work Description

  • Analyze and prepare for potential risks, such as outbreaks of infections or diseases, technical failure of electrical networks, major gas leaks and severe weather conditions
  • Complete risk assessments for a diverse range of sites, such as chemical factories, nuclear factories, city centers and major sporting venues
  • Respond to incidents, such as natural disasters, and assess the situation and level of response required
  • Work with various agencies to ensure that normal support for local communities continues in the event of an emergency
  • Support the recovery of local communities to their pre-incident state
  • Impact safety training to staff in local authorities or businesses
  • Raise awareness of public safety issues through attending events, developing information and delivering special projects

Pros & Cons of a Career in Disaster Management

Pros
  • Plenty of opportunities to help disaster vicims, and make a difference to their lives.
  • Gives a chance to help the country prepare for and cope with disasters.
  • The work is exciting and there are less chances for monotony.
Cons
  • Colleges and opportunities are somewhat limited in India.
  • The work can be hectic as it involves field work in disaster-struck areas.
  • The work can be dangerous at times.
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