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Chemistry is a branch of the physical sciences, dealing with the study of the composition, properties, structure, and the changes of matter. It is a part of our everyday lives and studying chemistry helps you develop subject-specific skills valued by all employers and thus opens doors to a wide range of careers, most of which aim to solve global challenges. It is a very versatile field and can help one get into any industrial, educational, scientific or government field.

Career Opportunities in Chemistry

  • Chemical Engineering
    Chemical engineers work in a number of sectors including energy, oil and gas, plastics, water treatment, toiletries, pharmaceuticals food and drink, etc.
  • Pharmaceuticals
    Pharmaceutical chemists design, develop, analyze, and regulate new and existing pharmaceutical drugs. Pharmaceutical chemists research and develop new and cost-effective drugs for the market, and test them to ensure that the products are suitable for public consumption.
  • Healthcare
    Chemists in the healthcare sector are called as Clinical Biochemists. Their analysis takes place in laboratories and healthcare units, and aids the investigation, diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
  • Consultant
    Biochemical Consultants are often sought by government and private organizations for expert review. Legal departments of Corporations, Law firms, Hospitals, etc. also hire consultants.
  • Research
    Even though research scientist work in different settings; most of their work is based in laboratories. Chemical research teams conduct rigorous research by applying scientific methods and standards.
  • Teaching
    Teachers and educators are employed at the primary and senior secondary school level, as well as the college level. Working as a guest lecturer or speaker is also an option.

How to Pursue a Career in Chemistry

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science StreamPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Biochemistry or B.Sc. (Hons) Chemistry for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Chemistry for 2 years-
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science StreamPursue B.Tech Chemical Engineering for 4 yearsPursue M.Sc. Chemistry for 2 years-
Path 3
Clear Class XII with Science StreamPursue B.Sc (Hons) in Chemistry/Biochemistry for 3 years or B.Tech in Chemical Engineering for 4 yearsPursue PG Diploma in Chemistry/ Biochemistry/ Chemical Engineering for 1-2 years-

Important Facts

  • Some colleges/university have admissions in B.Sc. (Hons) in Chemistry/ Biochemistry/ Chemical Engineering following their own entrance test

Leading Institutes

Top Chemistry Institutes in India
College Location Website
University of Delhi (Multiple Colleges) New Delhi
Loyola college Chennai
Christ University Bengaluru
Fergusson College Pune
Madras Christian college Chennai
St. Xavier's College Mumbai
Stella Maris college Chennai
St. Joseph's College Bengaluru
The Oxford College of Science Bengaluru
Mount Carmel college Bengaluru
Women's Christian College Chennai
St. Francis College for Women Hyderabad
St. Xavier's College Ahmedabad
Ramnarain Ruia College Mumbai
Mithibai College of Arts Mumbai
K.M. Science College Odisha
Khallikote College Odisha
Ravenshaw University Odisha
Utkal University Odisha
Aligarh Muslim University UttarPradesh
Anugrah Narayan Singh College Patna, Bihar
D.A.V. College Bihar
AISECT University Madhya Pradesh
Top Chemistry Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States
University of California, Berkeley United States
University of Cambridge United Kingdom
Harvard University United States
Stanford University United States
University of Oxford United Kingdom
National University of Singapore Singapore
University of Tokyo Japan
California Institute of Technology United States
ETH Zurich Switzerland
University College London United Kingdom

Work Description

  • Examining samples from different origins to provide data on compounds or amount of compounds present
  • Innovating on techniques to examine drug product and chemicals
  • Using a variety of analytical methods, instruments and software to conduct research on chemicals
  • Examining data and following rules and instructions while writing reports
  • Staying abreast of health and safety matters
  • Coordinating with associated fields and stakeholders
  • Presenting and publishing results based on experiments

Pros & Cons of a Career in Chemistry

  • There are a number of avenues available for employment, including pharmaceuticals, manufacturing industries, research and development departments of organizations etc.
  • Job can be interesting and intellectually stimulating for those who enjoy analytical work.
  • The pays are high after being established in the industry.
  • Professionals have a chance to provide meaningful contributions to society through discoveries and innovations.
  • The coursework is difficult, and the pathway to a becoming a successful chemist is long.
  • The nature of the work can be hazardous and can potentially pose a danger to life.
  • Professionals frequently have to work for long hours and under deadlines.
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