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Nutrition and Dietetics


Nutrition and Dietetics is the science of management of nutrition and food for the promotion of health among people by instilling healthy eating habits. With an increasing concern about lifestyle, health and eating habits, the field of Nutrition and Dietetics is getting popular. Dietitians can work in both the community, and the hospital. They evaluate, improve and educate patients, nurses, doctors, community groups and health professionals about the dietary needs, and the healthy style of life. They also work with patients suffering from diseases, such as kidney problems, food allergies, cancer, diabetes etc.

Career Opportunities in Nutrition and Dietetics

  • Sports and Health Clubs
    They work with sports teams, athlete camps, clubs etc. They take care of their nutritional requirements, and also monitor their progress from time to time.
  • Teaching, Research and Development
    The nutritionist under the Research and development section conducts research on various food items. They ensure the quality of the products, as well as to study their effects on the body chemistry in laboratories. They also conduct research on nutritive value of food, which helps to understand various components of food we eat. Teaching the science of nutrition of dietetics in colleges and universities is also a good option, after completing your higher education.
  • Community Dietitians
    They counsel and advice people on food choices, and conduct programs in nutrition awareness and disease prevention from time to time. Community Dietitians work in public health agency, health and fitness clubs, and day care centers. They work with large groups.
  • Management Dietitians
    Management Dietitians specialize in food service systems or clinical management. They manage personnel, plan and conduct employee training programs, design food systems, and plan budgets.
  • Consultant Dietitians
    Consultant Dietitians work independently with individual clients. They work as nursing home consultants, book authors, and patient counselors in medical centers and fitness programs. They serve as independent advisors to industry, and they also develop and evaluate food service systems.
  • Mass Media
    Mass media also employs nutritionist, for disseminating vital information on healthy living.
  • Nutrition educators
    Nutrition educators work in health care, community, corporate, elementary and secondary schools, or academic agencies and institutions to educate people on the nutrition.
  • Private nutrition consultants
    Private nutrition consultants to the public, government and private agencies, and the food industry. Experienced dietitians may become assistant, associate, or director of a dietetic department, or become self-employed. Some dietitians specialize in areas such as renal or pediatric dietetics. Besides all these they can also work as private consultant or private practitioner.
  • Government sector jobs
    They can work with government hospitals, government's health department, schools, colleges, factories and office cafeterias for planning nutritional plans.
  • Clinical dieticians
    Clinical dieticians monitor, analyses, and prescribe nutritional and dietary plans for patients in private practices, hospitals, nursing homes, schools and prisons. They also work with patients with chronic conditions, such as diabetes, obesity, and, hypertension, etc.

How to Pursue a Career in Nutrition and Dietetics

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science Stream (H.Sc. is recommended)Pursue B.Sc. Nutrition and dietetics for 3 years Pursue M.Sc. Nutrition and dietetics for 2 years-
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science Stream (Home Sc. is recommended) Pursue B.Sc. Home Science for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Home Science for 2 yearsPursue Post-graduate Diploma in Nutrition and dietetics
Path 3
Clear Class XII in Science Stream Pursue B.Sc. Nutrition and dietetics for 3 yearsPursue Post-graduate Diploma in Nutrition and dietetics -

Important Facts

  • Some colleges have English as mandatory subjects in Class XII
  • Must have passed class 12th or senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English
  • The minimum age limit is 17 years for B. Tech course

Leading Institutes

Top Nutrition and Dietetics Institutes in India
College Location Website
Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi New Delhi
Institute of Home Economics, University of Delhi New Delhi
Women's Christian College, University of Madras Chennai
SNDT Women's University Mumbai
National Institute of Nutrition Hyderabad
JD Birla Institute Kolkata
All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health Kolkata
College of Home Science, Nirmala Niketan, University of Mumbai Mumbai
University of Mysore Mysore
Top Nutrition and Dietetics Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Cornell University U.S.A
University of California U.S.A
College of Ozarks U.S.A
University of New York U.S.A
University of Illinois U.S.A

Work Description

  • Guide people on developing healthy eating habits
  • Provide treatment to illnesses through different kinds of food
  • Assess the condition of the patients to help them with suitable diet
  • Plan diet charts keeping in mind the needs and the environment of the patients
  • Work with different organisations such as schools, hospitals, restaurants, etc., to maintain nutrition needs of the people
  • Spread awareness on the advantages of a healthy and balanced diet
  • Indulge in research on different food ingredients and their benefits
  • Maintain the records of the patients through periodic updates

Pros & Cons of a Career in Nutrition and Dietetics

  • As a nutritionist, you will have the opportunity to set-up your own firm, and enjoy flexible timings.
  • The jobs growth rate is on a rise.
  • The knowledge of food and nutrition will allow you to help others
  • It will take time to establish yourself as a professional nutritionist.
  • You should be very patient with your clients, as understanding individual requirements can be very time consuming.
  • It is a highly competitive field.
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