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A veterinarian is a medical professional, who provides animals with medical treatment. There are different types of veterinarians , where some work with small animals and some with large farm animals, or wild animals. Veterinarians learn to treat all kinds of animals but sometimes they choose to work with a specific type e.g Dogs. They diagnose animal diseases and treat sick and injured animals. They advise owners on proper care of their pets and livestock. They diagnose, treat, and research medical conditions and diseases of pets, livestock, and other animals. Although most veterinarians work in private clinics and hospitals, others travel to farms, work in laboratories or classrooms, or work for the government. Veterinarians must have a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree from an accredited veterinary college and a state license.

Career Opportunities as a Veterinarian

  • Corporate veterinary medicine
    Corporations that provide veterinary care, test human drugs for safety, or produce animal-related products.
  • Food supply medicine
    Veterinarians in this profile work in animal food and animal medicine industry.
  • Shelter medicine
    Veterinarians work with communities and private or public agencies to ensure the health and well being of animal populations housed in shelters.
  • Research
    Working in a university setting or with companies that produce animal-related products or pharmaceuticals.

How to Become a Veterinarian

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science with Biology streamPursue B.V.Sc for 5 yearsPursue M.V.Sc for 2 yearPursue Ph.D for 4-5 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science with Biology streamPursue B.V.Sc for 5 yearsDiploma/Post Graduation Diploma 1-2 Years B.V.ScDiploma/Post Graduation Diploma 2-3 Years M.V.Sc

Important Facts

Most college have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII and some of minimum 60%. Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit criteria.

Leading Institutes

Top Veterinary Science Institutes in India
College Location Website
College of Veterinary Science, Guwahati Assam
Indian Veterinary Reasearch Institute Bareilly U.P
College Of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Misoram Misoram
Himachal Pradesh Agriculture University Himachal Pradesh
West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata West Bengal
Birsa Agricultural-University, Ranchi Jharkhand
Anand Agricultural University, Gujrat Gujrat
College of Veterinary Science, Tirupati A.P
Chhattisgarh Kamdhenu Vishwavidyalaya, Anjora, Durg Chhattisgarh
Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar Haryana
Karnataka Veterinary, Animal & Fisheries Sciences University, Bidar Karnataka
Kerala Veterinary and Animal Science University, Pookot Kerela
Maharashtra Animal & Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur Maharashtra
Orissa University of Agriculture? & Technology, Bhubaneswar? Odisha
Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Punjab
West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery? Sciences, Kolkata West Bengal
Top Veterinary Science Institutes in the world
Institution Location Website
UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine (University of California) United States
College of Veterinary Medicine(Cornell University) United States
Royal Veterinary College (University of London) United Kingdom
Onterio Veterinary college(University of Guelph) Canada

Veterinary Science Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
AIPVT March - May Physics - 45 Qs, Chemistry - 45 Qs, Biology (Botany and Zoology) - 90 Qs
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
WBJEE May - July Maths, Physics, Chemistry and Biology

Work Description

  • Diagnose and treat animals suffering from sickness
  • Provide animals with suitable medications and perform surgeries when necessary
  • Provide vaccinations to avoid infections
  • Perform various laboratory tests with specialised equipments to ensure right treatment
  • Spread awareness to promote animal healthcare
  • Carry out research to discover more about animals and their physiology
  • Euthanize animals who are in critical conditions
  • Perform duties in line with the ethical standards

Pros & Cons of a Career as a Veterinarian

  • Pay: While a veterinary doctor may not have a very high pay at the start but the possibility of increasing pay is good and is dependent on factors like the location of the practise and the experience in the field. There is lot of room to grow in the field.
  • Flexibility: Vet Doctors have flexibility to work in a diverse set of environments. This position is perfect for the doctors who crave a continuously changing place of work.
  • Saving lives: Some puppies come in the clinic have life-threatening illnesses and sometimes with liver failure and other issues.Saving a life with your efforts and bringing the four-legged family members back gives a satisfactory feeling.
  • Stressful situations: The vet docs are required to work for long hours which might be demanding on the body. They have to deal with the death of pets and distraught owners . This may have an effect on them. They may be exposed to allergens like pet dander, fur along with radiation.
  • Unpredictable Animals: During the treatment time the animal might feel threatened or alarmed and would try to defend . The situation could turn odd and dangerous especially when the animal is sick or in pain. In such a situation the animals might scratch or bite.
  • Odd Hours: Depending on the emergency cases and odd times, vet doctors may be expected to work on nights or on weekends.
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