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By far the noblest profession, doctors play a critical role towards maintaining health and fitness by diagnosing & treating illnesses or injuries of patients. As general physician examines patients; record medical histories; prescribe medications; analyze and interpret diagnostic tests. They may also counsel patients on preventive health care. In the field of medicine, one can specialize in across a wide range of domains and gain the relevant expertise to treat and help patients with specific problems. Career as a doctor can be very rewarding and highly satisfying but it involves a lot of hard work and relatively longer education & training period.

Career Opportunities as a Doctor

  • Cardiologist
    The doctor with special training and skill in treating and preventing cardiovascular diseases.
  • Dermatologist
    A physician who specializes with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of skin, hair, nails etc.
  • Epidemiologist
    Epidemiologist are the physicians which are also referred to as 'disease detectives'. They carry out studies of diseases and come up with ways of prevention of diseases through vaccinations, etc.
  • Gynecologist
    The doctor who studies and treats diseases of the female reproductive system.
  • Neurologist
    These are doctors who treat the most delicate and important organ of the body i.e. the brain. They treat seizures, strokes, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's etc.
  • Orthopedic Surgeon
    ?Physicians which handles and treats the problems that arise in the skeleton and its attachments i.e. the ligaments and tendons. It also deals with problems of the nervous system such as the ones that arise from spine injury.
  • Radiologist
    The medical use of X-rays or other imaging technologies for diagnoses and treatment of disease is carried out by a radiologist.
  • Surgeon
    A surgeon is a medical specialist who performs?surgery. They perform operations related to different specialties of medicine. Various branches of surgery include general surgery, neurosurgery, cardiovascular, cardiothoracic surgery, ENT, maxillo-facial surgery, plastic surgery, oral surgery, transplant surgery, urology, etc.

How to Become a Doctor

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science with Biology streamPursue MBBS for 5.5 years (4.5 years study + 1 year internship) Pursue MD in Select Specialization for 2 yearsPursue PhD in Select Specialization
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science with Biology streamPursue MBBS for 5.5 years (4.5 years study + 1 year internship)--

Leading Institutes

Top Medical Institutes in India
College Location Website
AIIMS Multiple
Armed Force College Pune
Maulana Azad Medical College Delhi
Lady Hardinge Medical College Delhi
Christian Medical College Vellore
Kasturba Medical College Manipal
Government Medical College Chandigarh
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh
Medical College Kolkatta
Top Medical Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Harvard Medical School, Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts, US
University of Cambridge Cambridge
Yale University New Haven, US
Oxford Medicine, Oxford University Oxford
Princeton University Princeton, US
Stanford University Stanford, US
Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, Maryland, US
University College London London , U.K.
The University of Melbourne Melbourne, Australia

Medical Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
NEET-NATIONAL ELIGIBILTY CUM ENTRANCE TEST May - June Physics, chemistry and biology (class xi and xii)
ALL INDIA INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (MBBS) February Physics, chemistry, biology and GK.
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) January - May Physics, chemistry and biology.

Work Description

  • Diagnose and treat various illnesses
  • Specialise in multiple domains such as skin, heart, brain, eyes, bones, etc.
  • Interpret different tests and reports to reach a logical conclusions
  • Prescribe medicines and in some cases perform surgeries to cure the disease
  • Promote health care and hygiene among patients and general public
  • Remain up to-date with contemporary research to alleviate different diseases and illnesses
  • Communicate with clients with empathy and care
  • Keep a check on the staff and guide them appropriately
  • Manage the case histories and accounts of patients

Pros & Cons of a Career as a Doctor

  • Being able to provide service to others: Physicians provide a meaningful service using medical science for others. Many individuals are drawn to the profession because they want to help others in a direct and stimulating way. Doctor gives you the power to be able to do help others. By helping others the individual gets the feeling that their knowledge or actions has helped someone and is what makes this job morally rewarding and satisfying.
  • Job security: This is one profession which would always be in demand and is not affected by any recession. We all will always need doctors.
  • Money and prestige: Physicians/doctors have a relatively high salary and income. They generally gain community respect.
  • Long training process: To practice as a doctor it requires at least four years of college with internship and 2-3 years of masters in the specialized area. It makes the whole process too long.
  • High college fees: The fees of medical colleges are generally very high.
  • Long work hours and high stress: A physician's job is very demanding. It requires physical, mental and emotional involvement of the doctor and drains his/her energy.
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