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Mathematics

Summary

Mathematics is a field of study concerned with topics such as numbers, space, time, equations, fractions, geometrical shapes, and their relationships. Mathematicians utilize their extensive knowledge of mathematics to observe the relationships between mathematical principles and create mathematical models, to solve real world problems.

Career Opportunities in Mathematics

  • Private Sector
    Mathematics professionals can be employed by MNCs and private organizations to apply their mathematical knowledge in several roles. They can work in data analysis, project development, reserch operations, numerical analysis and commercial surveys for share markets, etc. Banking, insurance, and finance sectors are some of the leading recruiters.
  • Public Sector
    Mathematicians are also hired in government organizations and PSUs for roles such as research operations, commercial surveys and numerical analysis.
  • Education
    A prime avenue for mathematics graduates is the education sector. They can work as full-time or guest lecturers at universities and colleges. They may also teach in schools to higher secondary class students.
  • Defence
    Mathematicians are also actively employed in defence research organizations, such as the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), as well as other military and para-military organizations, to help in the development of a wide range of weapons, missiles, nuclear stations,etc
  • Research
    A large number of mathematicians end up in research roles. The indispensability of mathematics demands the employment of mathematicians in various research organizations to solve complex problems. They are even engaged by aeronautical research agencies such as Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and National Aeronautic Limited (NAL).

How to Pursue a Career in Mathematics

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science stream with MathsPursue B. A./B. Sc in Mathematics for 3 yearsPursue M. A./ M. Sc/MS in Mathematics for 2 yearsPursure Ph.D for 3-5 years.
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science stream with MathsPursue B.E. / B.Tech. in Mathematics/ B.Math for 4 yearsPursue M. A./ M. Sc in Mathematics for 2 yearsPursure Ph.D for 3-5 years.
Path 3
Clear Class XII in Science stream with Maths Pursue Integrated Program in M.Sc. Mathematics for 5 years-Pursure Ph.D for 3-5 years.

Important Facts

Maths is a compulsory subject in Class 12th

Leading Institutes

Top Mathematics Institutes in India
College Location Website
Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) Multiple www.isical.ac.in
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT's) Multiple www.iitkgp.ac.in
BITS Pilani Multiple www.bits-pilani.ac.in
Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Banglore www.iisc.ac.in
Indian Institute of Social Education & Research (IISER) Multiple www.iiseradmission.in
The Institute of Mathematical Sciences Chennai www.imsc.res.in
St. Stephen's College Delhi www.ststephens.edu
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Multiple www.tifr.res.in
National Institute for Science Education and Research (NISER) Bhubaneswar www.niser.ac.in
Chennai Mathematical Institute Chennai www.cmi.ac.in
Delhi Technological University (DTU) New Delhi www.dtu.ac.in
Loyola College Chennai www.loyolacollege.edu
St. Xavier's College Mumbai www.xaviers.edu/main
Wilson College Mumbai www.wilsoncollege.edu
St. Xavier's College Kolkata www.sxccal.edu
Ashoka University Delhi NCR www.ashoka.edu.in
Banaras Hindu University Varanasi www.bhu.ac.in
Christ University Banglore www.christuniversity.in
Fergusson College Pune www.fergusson.edu
Hans Raj College Delhi www.hansrajcollege.co.in
Hindu College Delhi www.hinducollege.ac.in
Miranda House Delhi www.mirandahouse.ac.in/MirandaHouse
Madras Christian College Chennai www.mcc.edu.in
Presidency University Kolkata www.presiuniv.ac.in/web
Ramjas College Delhi www.ramjascollege.edu
Top Mathematics Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu
University of Cambridge United Kingdom www.cam.ac.uk
University of Oxford United Kingdom www.ox.ac.uk
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States www.web.mit.edu
Stanford University United States www.stanford.edu
University of California, Berkeley United States www.berkeley.edu
Princeton University United States www.princeton.edu/main
University of California, Los Angeles United States www.ucla.edu
ETH Zurich Switzerland www.ethz.ch/en.html
University of Chicago United States www.uchicago.in
Imperial College London United Kingdom www.imperial.ac.uk
National University of Singapore Singapore www.nus.edu.sg
Imperial College London United Kingdom www.imperial.ac.uk
University of Toronto Canada www.utoronto.ca
Ecole Polytechnique France www.polytechnique.edu/en
University of Tokyo Japan www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/en/index.html
The University of Hong Kong Hong Kong www.hku.hk

Mathematics Entrance Exams

Undergraduate
College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
JEE Main (Paper 1) April Physics, Chemistry, Maths www.jeemain.nic.in/webinfo/Public/Home.aspx
JEE Advanced May Physics, Chemistry, Maths www.jeeadv.ac.in
ISI Admission Test May Algebra, Calculus, Geometry, Trigonometry www.isical.ac.in/~admission
IISER Aptitude Test June Maths, Chemistry, Physics, Biology www.iiseradmission.in
National Entrance Screening Test (NEST) May Science Aptitude, Biology, Chemistry, Maths, Physics www.nestexam.in
CMI Entrance Exam May Maths www.cmi.ac.in/admissions
Christ University May Skill Assessment, Personal Interview, Academic Performance www.christuniversity.in
Ashoka University April - October Interview, Essays, SOP, Academic Scores, etc. www.ashoka.edu.in/prospective-students/ug-admissions
BHU UET April-May Physics, Chemistry, Maths www.bhuonline.in

Work Description

  • Using professional mathematical software in order to create programmes to carry out mathematical tasks
  • Staying abreast of the new mathematical advancement and developing innovative mathematical study
  • Creating innovative principles and mathematical principles to improve mathematical study
  • Creating customized solutions to business matters using advanced and subsist techniques as well as recommending innovative ways to evaluate data.
  • Sharing the results of new research through writing reports on the work progress
  • Learning and using new methods to find answers
  • Finding more refined perceptions into existing data
  • Requesting applications for financing
  • Presenting outcome to senior members at seminars/conferences
  • Get together with clients during the projects to share ideas and outcomes

Pros & Cons of a Career in Mathematics

Pros
  • Professionals get the opportunities to work on, and lead advanced research projects.
  • The field is rapidly growing, and there are a number of research opportunities, both in India and overseas.
  • Professionals can find emploment in several other fields, such as finance, market research, software development, etc.
  • The field has high earning and growth potential.
Cons
  • The educational path for the career is long, and a Ph.D is generally preferred for research roles.
  • It involves spending most of the time indoors, with numbers.
  • It can be hard to get into the career, as it requires extensive knowledge, skill and traning.
  • The field is highly competitive and difficult to get into.
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