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Zoology is a science that involves the study of the animal kingdom, both living and extinct. Zoologists, as a result, are also referred to as Animal Scientists. Zoologists analyze the structure, life processes, physiology, and classification of different species in detail. They also analyze how different animals interact with each other and adapt to their environments. They conduct research on both the species and individual organisms by collecting and analyzing data in laboratories and outdoor environments.

Career Opportunities in Zoology

  • Wildlife Rehabilitators
    It involves the treatment, care and feeding of injured, ill and wounded non-domestic animals, as well as caring for orphaned and abandoned animals. After the treatment, the animals are released back into their habitat. Employment opportunities exist in both government and private settings.
  • Wildlife Educators
    Their primary work involves educating people about animals and their care and conservation. They explore various intricacies of wildlife behavior, research and write information to create printed materials, websites, information for educational visits, displays, etc.
  • Researchers
    They perform experiments, collect data, conduct analysis and apply the results to help solve environmental and health problems, breed and raise specimens, etc. in varied settings.
  • National Parks/Wildlife Sanctuary Managers
    Their roles include animal care, monitoring and recording their behavior; ensuring their health; engaging in the care such as grooming, exercising and training; and teaching visiting groups about the animals.
  • Animal Breeders
    They breed different animals, including pets, livestock, exotic animals, etc. Breeding involves the reproduction of animals to ensure the promotion of specific desired characteristics. Animal breeders have knowledge of genetics, genealogy, and insemination techniques.
  • Education
    Zoology graduates also find employment as Biology/Zoology teachers and professors at different schools, colleges and universities.

How to Pursue a Career in Zoology

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Zoology or B.Sc. (Hons) Life Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Zoology or M.Sc. In Life Sciences for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 3-5 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Zoology or B.Sc. (Hons) Life Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) in Biological Sciences for 3 yearsPursue Diploma/PG Diploma in Zoology for 1-2 years-

Important Facts

  • Some colleges/university have admissions in B.Sc. (Hons) in Zoology following their own entrance test or consider the marks in the qualifying exam.

Leading Institutes

Top Zoology Institutes in India
College Location Website
Loyola College Chennai
St. Xavier's College Mumbai
Christ University Bangalore
Madras Christian College Chennai
The Oxford College of Science Bangalore
Stella Maris College Chennai
Fergusson College Pune
Hansraj College Delhi
Presidency College Chennai
Miranda House Delhi
Gargi College Delhi
St Joseph's College Calicut
Hindu College Delhi
Ethiraj College For Women Chennai
St. Xavier's College Kolkata
St. Albert's College Kerala
Top Zoology Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Harvard University United States
University of Cambridge United Kingdom
University of Oxford United Kingdom
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States
Stanford University United States
University of California, Berkeley United States
National University of Singapore Singapore
Yale University United States
ETH Zurich Switzerland
University of California, Los Angeles United States
Imperial College London United Kingdom
Kyoto University Japan
California Institute of Technology United States
University College London United Kingdom
University of Toronto Canada

Work Description

Your tasks would vary depending on the particular job, but could include:
  • Recognizing , classifying, recording and monitoring animal species
  • Collecting data and interpreting it
  • Employing complex procedures, for example, computerized molecular and cellular analysis, and in-vitro fertilization
  • Executing field and laboratory research findings
  • Studying animals in their natural environment or in captivity
  • Generating comprehensive technical reports
  • Presenting and publishing information in journals and books
  • Supervising technicians

Pros & Cons of a Career in Zoology

  • Professionals get the opportunities to work on, and lead advanced research projects.
  • The work can be adventurous, if the professional is involved with field research.
  • The field is rapidly growing, and there are a number of research opportunities, both in India and overseas.
  • The educational path for the career is long, as a Ph.D is generally preferred.
  • It can be hard to get into the career, as it requires extensive knowledge, skill and traning.
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