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It is the study of functions and mechanisms of living organisms. It investigates how organisms, organs, cells and bio-molecules carry out their chemical and physical functions. Human physiology, a specific branch of physiology, studies how our cells, muscles and organs work together and interact. Physiologists use this knowledge to study the methods for treating diseases and coping with the stresses our bodies are exposed to in different environments.

Career Opportunities in Physiology

  • Clinical Exercise Physiologists
    Clinical exercise physiologists work in coordination with allied health professionals and clinicians. Their work involves providing expert advice on exercise and physical fitness, to people with chronic diseases such as diabetes, coronary heart disease, or chronic pulmonary disease, etc.
  • Biomedical Scientists
    Biomedical scientists are employed in healthcare settings to execute varied laboratory tests and techniques on fluids and tissue samples to aid doctors and clinicians in the diagnosis of diseases. They also evaluate treatment effectiveness.
  • Sports Physiologists
    Sports Physiologists are involved in assisting athlete and sports teams in optimizing their fitness and physical functions. They provide such support at various levels, by monitoring their training, assessing their fitness levels, and developing fitness-training programs.
  • Physiotherapists
    Physiotherapists assist and treat patients suffering from physical injuries, difficulties or disabilities. They are involved in the rehabilitation of patients, to help them improve their mobility and physical function.
  • Research
    Research Physiologists aim to understand the mechanisms of the human body to develop solutions to various physiological problems. To this end, they utilize the latest scientific tools and techniques to study various functions, in the laboratory as well as the natural environment.
  • Teaching
    Teachers and educators are actively employed at both the secondary school level as well as at the college level, as a teacher or lecturer.

How to Pursue a Career in Physiology

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) in Physiology or B.Sc. (Hons) in Life Sciences for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. in Physiology or M.Sc. in Life Sciences for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D. for 3-5 years.

Important Facts

  • Some colleges/ university have admissions in B.Sc. (Hons) in Physiology/ Life Sciences/ Applied Health Sciences following their own entrance test or consider the marks in the qualifying exam.

Leading Institutes

Top Physiology Institutes in India
College Location Website
Loyola college Chennai
Christ University Bengaluru
Miranda House New Delhi
Hansraj College New Delhi
Hindu College New Delhi
Shri Venkateshwara college New Delhi
Gargi College New Delhi
Indian Institute of Science Bengaluru
University of Calcutta Kolkata
Manipal University Manipal
University of Madras Chennai
Bhairab Ganguly College Kolkata
Women's College Agartala
Surendranath College Kolkata
Baba Farid University of Health Sciences Punjab
Top Physiology Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
University of Cambridge United Kingdom
University of Oxford United Kingdom
University of California, Los Angeles United States
University College London United Kingdom
University of California, San Diego United States
University of Glasgow Scotland
University of California, Davis United States
Michigan State University United States
University of Melbourne Australia
University of Auckland New Zealand
McGill University Canada
The University of Iowa United States
University of Oregon United States
Massey University New Zealand
University of Southern Queensland Australia
The University of Arizona United States

Work Description

  • Providing systematic monitoring and reassessment of an athlete's work out plans
  • Coordinating with training staff to maximize the results of training
  • Enlightening and advising athletes and coaches on heart rate monitoring, recovery techniques, hydration strategies, overtraining, etc.
  • Fitness testing of athletes to create an accurate physiological profile of the individuals
  • Raising awareness of health and fitness issues
  • Promoting the benefits of sports and exercise & providing benchmark physiological information;
  • Chalking out of fitness training programmes and ensuring adherence to them
  • Functioning in collaboration with health professionals such as physiotherapists, dietitians, strength and conditioning coaches and sport psychologists
  • Handling specialist resources and equipments such as aqua-pacers, osmometers and electronic timing systems

Pros & Cons of a Career in Physiology

  • Professionals in this field have an opportunity to aid individuals in their recovery from injury, and help them improve their overall health.
  • Professionals have flexibility in terms of their work-setting, as they can work in hospitals, athletic teams, fitness centres, corporations, laboratories, etc.
  • There are a variety of specializations available in this field.
  • Professionals might have to work at odd hours.
  • There may be a requirement to attain additional certifications.
  • The educational path may be long, with several years of training required.
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