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Fishery Science


Fishery Science is a field concerned with the study, understanding and management of fisheries. Fishery science is rapidly expanding in India, with the growing demands on the fishing industry. Professionals in this field also aim to develop sustainable solutions to prevent disease, and preserve fish populations. Career opportunities are available in government and private organizations, fisheries, consulting, business, environmental law, etc.

Career Opportunities in Fishery Science

  • Aqua culturist
    Aquaculture is concerned with the farming of fishes and seaweeds. A thriving area, aquaculture is gaining importance worldwide as consumer demands for fish are increasingly becoming greater than can be met by traditional commercial fishing.
  • Fisheries Biologist
    In general, this field includes the study of how the environment and other external forces affect fish life cycle. Its major application is to remedy problems associated with fish habitats. This option is becoming increasingly popular with the increase in the market demands of the fisheries industry.
  • Environmental Consultant
    Fisheries and marine biologists can be employed as environmental consultants and advisors, to help design laws, regulations, and cleanup measures to protect the environment
  • Inspector of Fisheries
    Such roles can be found in various government departments associated with fisheries. Their main work involves carrying out investigative surveys, granting licenses, and other official work.
  • Self-Employment
    Self Employment is another popular and viable option, which includes practices of fish breeding, fish farming, export business, trading, fish food production, etc.
  • Educational institutes
    Jobs for fishery science graduates are widely available at various educational institutes in both government and private sectors. They can find work as research assistants, instructor/trainers, assistant professors, etc.

How to Pursue a Career in Fishery Science

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue Bachelors in Fishery Sciences (B.F.Sc.) for 4 yearsPursue Master's in Fishery Sciences (M.F.Sc.) for 2 years Pursue Ph.D for 3-5 years.
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) in Aquaculture or B.Sc. Life Science for 3 yearsPursue MBA for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 3-5 years.
Path 3
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue Bachelors in Fishery Sciences (B.F.Sc.) for 4 years/ Pursue B.Sc. (Hons) in Aquaculture for 3 yearsPursue PG Diploma in Fishery Sciences for 1 year-

Important Facts

  • Must have passed class 12th from CBSE or any other equivalent board with at least 50% marks including Biology/Mathematics/Agriculture/Home Science.
  • Must be Indian Nationals of at least 17 years of age and not more than 23 years.
  • Admissions to B.F.Sc. are done through state level entrance test. All India level entrance test is also conducted by ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research). Some colleges/University also conducts their own entrance test or considers the direct admission on the basis of previous degree marks.

Leading Institutes

Top Fishery Science Institutes in India
College Location Website
Karnataka Veterinary Animal and Fisheries Sciences University Karnataka
Tamil Nadu Fisheries University Tamil Nadu
Punjab Agricultural University Ferozepur
Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology Orissa
Central Institute of Fisheries, Nautical & Engineering Training Kerala
GB. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology Uttaranchal
Central Institute of Fisheries Education Mumbai
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University Bihar
Assam Agricultural University Assam
Junagadh Agricultural University Gujarat
Cochin University of Science and Technology Kochi
Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University Haryana
West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences Kolkata,
Central Agricultural University Tripura
Maharashtra Animal & Fishery Sciences University Nagpur, Maharashtra
Guru Angad Dev Veterinary & Animal Sciences University Ludhiana, Punjab
Top Fishery Science Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
University of California, Davis United States
Wageningen University Netherlands
Purdue University United States
Iowa State University United States
Oregon State University United States
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign United States
University of British Columbia Canada
Texas A&M University United States
The University of Queensland Australia
University of Florida United States
Michigan State University United States

Important Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
ICAR-AIEEA May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
AP EAMCET April Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology
OUAT CET May Physics, Chemistry, Maths/Biology
GBPUAT June Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
CIFNET Entrance Exam June Physics, Chemistry, Biology

Work Description

  • Collecting, examining and analysing fish samples
  • Developing measures and techniques to increase the population of endangered species of fishes
  • Developing measures and techniques to decrease the overpopulated species of fishes
  • Examining the symptoms and causes of diseases in fish and how they respond to fight that disease
  • Observing the environmental conditions that support lives of fish in a particular surrounding
  • Identifying with and developing ways to solve the environment of fish and related problems
  • Developing and suggesting ways to protect environment of fish and decrease water pollution

Pros & Cons of a Career in Fishery Science

  • The work is practical and hands-on, with plenty of outdoor work.
  • The demand for the field is on the rise.
  • Professionals get to explore a number of opptunities, such as fish export, fish breeding, aquaculture, fish food production manager, etc.
  • The work might require one to work in marine bodies and deal with fishes, which not be suitable for all.
  • The remuneration might not be very high initially.
  • Work is associated with irregular and long hours.
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