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Environmental Science


Environmental Science is an interdisciplinary field that integrates physical, biological, and information sciences to study the environment and various environmental problems. Environmental Scientists work on prime subjects such as the understanding of earth processes, evaluating alternative energy systems, pollution control and mitigation, natural resource management, and the effects of global climate change.

Career Opportunities in Environmental Science

  • Environmental Analyst
    Environmental Analysts basically help companies public and government understand the impacts of human activities on the environment. They study and analyze the various aspects of the environment to propose policies and practices to make the interactions between the environment and humans less harmful.
  • Environmental Lobbyist
    Environmental Lobbyists work to petition for environmental issues with politicians and government at various levels to influence them to pass laws, regulations and policies for a cleaner and safer environment. They often organize and conduct campaigns to push agendas to promote safer industrial and environmental practices.
  • Environmental Management and Conservation
    Environmental Scientists engaged in the environmental management and conservation sector are interested with the control and resolution of various environmental issues, to conserve the environment. Potential employment opportunities exist with government organizations, private ecological consulting firms, wildlife rehabilitation centers, pollution control board, etc.
  • Environmental consultant
    Environmental scientists can be employed as consultants to provide expert advice and review to government and private organizations on matters of the environment. They also play a significant role in shaping the policies of the government.
  • Waste management officer
    Waste management officers manage and coordinate safe disposal of waste, and conduct recycling activities and related tasks. Opportunities in this domain are available both in the public and private sector.
  • Natural Resource Manager
    A natural resource manager is involved in the handling and general management of plants, lakes, soil, forests, and other natural resources. Jobs for natural resource managers are available in both government and private settings.

How to Pursue a Career in Environmental Science

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science or B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences or B.Sc. Life Science for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Environmental Science for 2 years-
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Science or B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences or B.Sc. Life Science for 3 yearsPursue PG Diploma in Environmental Science for 1-2 years-

Important Facts

  • Some colleges/University have admissions in B.Sc.(Hons) in Environmental Science following their own entrance test or considers the marks in the qualifying exam.

Leading Institutes

Top Environmental Science Institutes in India
College Location Website
Fergusson College Pune
Mount Carmel College Bangalore
Loyola college Chennai
Christ University Bengaluru
Miranda House New Delhi
Hansraj College New Delhi
Hindu College New Delhi
Shri Venkateswara college New Delhi
Ramjas College New Delhi
Gargi College New Delhi
University of Delhi Delhi
Jawahral Nehru University (JNU) New Delhi
Aligarh Muslim University Uttar Pradesh
Indian Institute of Environment Management Mumbai
Jamia Hamdard University Delhi
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Delhi
Bangalore University Bangalore
Andhra University Vishakhapatnam
University of Madras Chennai
Anna University Chennai
Teri University New Delhi
Top Environmental Science Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Stanford University United States
Harvard University United States
University of Oxford United Kingdom
University of California, Berkeley United States
Columbia University United States
University of Pennsylvania United States
University College London United Kingdom
ETH Zurich
Duke University United States
Brown University United States
National University of Singapore Singapore
The University of British Columbia Canada
Imperial College London United Kingdom
University of Toronto Canada
The University of Queensland Australia
University of Tokyo Japan

Work Description

  • Collecting and examining data from different environments (soil, air and water).
  • Examining the effects of human activities on the environment.
  • Preparing and presenting reports of the information gathered.
  • Developing ways to protect environment from various damages.
  • Executing environmental inspections, investigating transgress.
  • Suggest on the development and conduct of regulatory actions.
  • Estimating and executing environmental plans, strategies and official rules or actions.
  • Developing programmes to protect earth, its environment and habitats.

Pros & Cons of a Career in Environmental Science

  • Professionals get the opportunities to work on, and lead advanced research projects.
  • Professionals have the opportunity to contribute to imporving the condition of the planet.
  • The field is rapidly growing, and there are a number of research opportunities, both in India and overseas.
  • Professionals can work across various industries such as mines, sewage treatment plants, water treatment plants, fertilizer plants, distilleries etc.
  • The educational path for the career is long, as a Ph.D is generally preferred.
  • It can be hard to get into the career, as it requires extensive knowledge, skill and traning.
  • The work might require one to work in bad weather and difficult conditions, when conducting fieldwork.
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