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Botany, also referred to as Plant Biology, involves the study of plants, including their growth, structure, differentiation, evolution and development etc. Botanists study the interactions of plants and the environment, their life processes, observe their growth in different conditions, conduct experiments to see how they convert chemical compounds to complex chemicals, and their genetic properties that control their development. For this end, botanists employ specialized equipment to conduct their researches and prepare reports on their findings.

Career Opportunities in Botany

  • Business and Industries
    Individuals with a degree in Botany are hired by pharmaceuticals, nurseries, horticulturists, and different industries such as food, fermentation, chemical, oil etc.
  • Landscape Industries
    Many Botanists are hired in the landscape industry and find work in the development of parks, botanical gardens, biodiversity parks, aesthetic gardens, etc. Jobs in this area are widely available in the public sector.
  • Natural Resource Centre
    Botanists are actively employed in different natural resource centers, in both the public and private sectors. The position of a Forest Resource Manager is one of the most common and popular ones in this area.
  • Environmental Consultancy
    Botanists can find work with environmental consultancies as biodiversity assessors, restoration experts, environment conversationalists, etc. Such consultancies are present both in the private as well as the public sector.
  • Research
    Research is one the major duties of a botanist. Botanists with various specializations can work in their research area of interest with various government and private organizations, as well as educational institutes.
  • Education
    Educational institutes are one of the leading employers of Botany graduates. Botanists can find jobs in schools, colleges and other educational institutions as a teacher/lecturer.

How to Pursue a Career in Botany

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Botany or B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) Life Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Sciences for 3 yearsPursue M. Sc. Botany or M.Sc. in Life Sciences for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 3-5 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with BiologyPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Botany or B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) Life Sciences or B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Sciences for 3 yearsPursue Diploma/PG Diploma in Botany/Life Sciences for 1-2 years-

Important Facts

  • Some colleges/university have admissions in B.Sc. (Hons) in Botany following their own entrance test or consider the marks in the qualifying exam.

Leading Institutes

Top Botany Institutes in India
College Location Website
Sri Venkateswara College New Delhi
Hansraj College New Delhi
Hindu College New Delhi
Gargi College New Delhi
Ramjas College New Delhi
Kirori Mal College New Delhi
St. Xavier's College Mumbai
Mithibai College Mumbai
Loyola College Chennai
Women's Christian College Chennai
Stella Maris College Chennai
Presidency College Chennai
St. Joseph's College Bengaluru
Mount Carmel College Bengaluru
Fergusson College Pune
Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University Varanasi
Christ University Bengaluru
St. Teresa's College Cochin
Maitreyi College New Delhi
Miranda House New Delhi
Madras Christian college Chennai
St. Francis College for Women Hyderabad
Sacred Heart College Kochi
Aligarh Muslim University Uttar Pradesh
Top Botany Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Harvard University United States
University of Cambridge United Kingdom
University of Oxford United Kingdom
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States
Stanford University United States
University of California, Berkeley United States
National University of Singapore Singapore
Yale University United States
ETH Zurich Switzerland
University of California, Los Angeles United States
Imperial College London United Kingdom
Kyoto University Japan
California Institute of Technology United States
University College London United Kingdom
University of Toronto Canada

Work Description

Typical activities can include
  • Recognizing, categorizing, recording and monitoring of plant species and biodiversity
  • Ecological consultancy work, comprising of surveys and environmental impact assessments
  • Managing a botanical collection
  • Hunting for novel species
  • Evaluating the effects of contamination(pollution), or developments such as new buildings, on plant life
  • Identifying and refining chemicals produced by plants for usage in products such as drugs, food, fabrics, solvents, etc.
  • Presenting research results in journals, books and at academic conferences

Pros & Cons of a Career in Botany

  • Professionals get a chance to work both in clean, indoor laboratory conditions as well as outside and in the greenhouse.
  • There are various career opportunities available in research and various private and public sectors.
  • The path to a successful career in this field is long, and most research organizations require a qualification of Ph.D.
  • The nature of work can be difficult and involve long working hours.
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