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Biochemistry

Summary

Biochemistry, alternatively referred to as Biological Chemistry, brings together the disciplines of Biology and Chemistry. It is the study of chemical processes of living organisms. Biochemistry tries to understand biological organisms through the study of biological molecules, and the chemical processes that occur within living cells. Using this knowledge, biochemists attempt to understand and solve biological problems. They thus make important contributions to the scientific and medical advancements in a number of areas, including health, environment and agriculture.

Career Opportunities in Biochemistry

  • Pharmaceutical Sales Representative
    Pharmaceutical sales representatives utilize their knowledge of medical treatments and drugs to represent the sales for pharmaceutical companies. They are responsible for coordinating meetings with medical staff and doctors at hospitals and clinics to persuade them to prescribe their company's drugs to the patients.
  • Biomedical Scientist
    Biomedical Scientists conduct research in laboratory settings for the advancement of treatments and pharmaceutical drugs. They carry out a wide range of tests and experiments on tissue samples and fluids, for the diagnosis of diseases, and development of treatments.
  • Clinical Laboratory Technologist
    Clinical laboratory technologists with a background in biochemistry, conduct experiments on various microorganisms such bacteria and viruses.?They are employed by different health agencies, pharmaceuticals and health care centers.
  • Research
    Research is a primary avenue for biochemists. They can be employed as research assistants in various government and private laboratories, pharmaceuticals, hospitals and health-care facilities.
  • Consultant
    Biochemists often provide expert advice and review to government and private organizations. Biochemical consultants are also actively employed by various law firms and legal departments, for consulting on forensic and medical matters.
  • Teaching
    Biochemists can work as full-time or guest lecturers at universities and colleges. They may also teach in schools to higher secondary class students.

How to Pursue a Career in Biochemistry

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science StreamPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Biochemistry or B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences or B.Sc. Life Sciences or B.Sc (Hons) Chemistry for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc Biochemistry for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 3-5 years.

Important Facts

  • Some colleges/University have admissions in B.Sc.(Hons)/B.Tech in Biochemistry following their own entrance test or considers the marks in the qualifying exam.

Leading Institutes

Top Biochemistry Institutes in India
College Location Website
Sri Venkateswara College New Delhi www.du.ac.in/du
St. Xavier's College Mumbai www.xaviers.edu/main
Daulat Ram College New Delhi www.du.ac.in/du
Institute of Home Economics New Delhi www.du.ac.in/du
Presidency University Kolkata www.presiuniv.ac.in
Christian Medical College Vellore www.cmch-vellore.edu
Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh www.amu.ac.in
Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi www.jnu.ac.in/index.asp
Mumbai University Mumbai www.mu.ac.in
The Oxford College of Science Bangalore www.theoxford.edu/college_of_science
Fergusson college Pune www.fergusson.edu
Banaras Hindu University Varanasi www.bhu.ac.in
Top Biochemistry Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu
University of Oxford United Kingdom www.ox.ac.uk
University of California, Berkeley United States www.berkeley.edu
Columbia University United States www.columbia.edu
University of Pennsylvania United States www.upenn.edu
University College London United Kingdom www.ucl.ac.uk
Duke University United States www.duke.edu
Brown University United States www.brown.edu
National University of Singapore Singapore www.nus.edu.sg
Imperial College London United Kingdom www.imperial.ac.uk
University of Toronto Canada www.utoronto.ca
Massey University New Zealand www.massey.ac.nz
The University of Queensland Australia www.uq.edu.au
John Hopkins University United States www.jhu.edu
University of Tokyo Japan www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/en/index.html

Work Description

A biochemistry technologist has many responsibilities Among them are the following:
  • Conduct the chemical analysis for body fluids like blood, urine or spinal fluid, to discover the presence of any normal or abnormal components
  • Execute and manage with the polymerase chain reaction
  • Execute and perform the programme for the DNA and the protein analysis,
  • Work with gene cloning and the micro-organisms genetic manipulation
  • Purify and characterize the recombinant proteins, from the eukaryotic and the prokaryotic systems
  • Evaluate the lab findings and examine the accuracy of the results
  • Manage the liquid handling robotics and handle the software for the sequence analysis
  • Train and supervise laboratory assistants and other technologists

Pros & Cons of a Career in Biochemistry

Pros
  • Professionals get the opportunities to work on, and lead advanced research projects.
  • The field is rapidly growing, and there are a number of research opportunities, both in India and overseas.
  • Jobs are available in various industries, such as pharmaceuticals, manufacturing, health-care, etc.
Cons
  • The educational path for the career is long, as a Ph.D is generally preferred.
  • It involves spending most of the time indoors, in the laboratory.
  • It can be hard to get into the career, as it requires extensive knowledge, skill and traning.
  • The work may expose individuals to harmful and toxic substances.
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