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Biophysics

Summary

Biophysicists study biological processes through the lens of physics. It is a growing enterprise worldwide, driven primarily by the widespread realization of the major contributions made by biological sciences. Biophysicists study organisms at the cellular and molecular level using the methods and approaches of Physics. The field encompasses the study of a wide range of upcoming academic areas including molecular and cell biology, atomic and molecular physics, organic and physical chemistry, etc.

Career Opportunities in Biophysics

  • Clinical Biophysicist
    Clinical Biophysics has a number of medical applications. It plays a major role in plastic surgeries, neurology, oncology, orthopedics, etc.
  • Nuclear Medicine Physicist
    Nuclear Medicine Physicists study topics such as the interactions between matter and ionizing radiation, radiation dosimetry, nuclear imaging instrumentation and. They are also experts in computer science and image processing.
  • Research
    Research is a prime avenue for biophysicists. Many biophysicists spend majority of their workday in laboratory settings, conducting research, analyzing and documenting results. They often work with hazardous inorganic chemicals and organic materials.
  • Education
    Biophysicists can work as full-time or guest lecturers at universities and colleges. There are also opportunities for training workshops and educational programs.

How to Pursue a Career in Biophysics

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science StreamPursue B.Sc. Biophysics or B.Sc. (Hons) Physics or B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Biophysics for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D. for 3-5 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science StreamPursue B.Sc. (Hons) Biophysics or B.Sc. (Hons) Physics or B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences for 3 yearsPursue PG Diploma in Biophysics/Biological Sciences for 1 year-

Important Facts

  • Some colleges/University have admissions in B.Sc. (Hons) in Biophysics/Physics/ Biological Sciences following their own entrance test or considers the marks in the qualifying exam.

Leading Institutes

Top Biophysics Institutes in India
College Location Website
St. Stephens Delhi www.ststephens.edu
Gargi College Delhi www.gargi.du.ac.in
Hansraj College Delhi www.hansrajcollege.ac.in
Miranda House Delhi www.mirandahouse.ac.in
Sri Venkateswara College Delhi www.svc.ac.in
Loyola College Chennai www.loyolacollege.edu
Madras Christian College Chennai www.mcc.edu.in/index.php
St. Xavier's College Mumbai www.xaviers.edu/main
Fergusson College Pune www.fergusson.edu
Mount Carmel College Bangalore www.mountcarmelcollegeblr.co.in
Presidency University Kolkata www.presiuniv.ac.in/web
All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Delhi www.aiims.edu
University of Mumbai Mumbai www.mu.ac.in
University of Madras Chennai www.unom.ac.in
Panjab University Chandigarh www.puchd.ac.in
National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS) Bangalore www.nimhans.ac.in
University of Calcutta Kolkata www.caluniv.ac.in
Top Biophysics Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Yale University United States www.yale.edu
University of California, Berkeley United States www.berkeley.edu
Columbia University United States www.columbia.edu
University of Pennsylvania United States www.upenn.edu
Duke University United States www.duke.edu
The University of British Columbia Canada www.ubc.ca
Brown University United States www.brown.edu
National University of Singapore Singapore www.nus.edu.sg
Imperial College London United Kingdom www.imperial.ac.uk
University of Toronto Canada www.utoronto.ca
Massey University New Zealand www.massey.ac.nz
The University of Queensland Australia www.uq.edu.au
John Hopkins University United States www.jhu.edu
Oregon State University United States www.oregonstate.edu
University of Tokyo Japan www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/en/index.html

Work Description

  • Examining the physical and chemical properties of living organisms
  • Conducting research and experiments on living organism
  • Examining the effects of substances like food, drugs, etc., on tissues and living things
  • Examining the genetic changes in organisms that lead to diseases
  • Investigating into the evolution of flora and fauna to examine how the genetic characteristics are carried on by following generations
  • Developing experiments to detect syndromes, genetic disorders and other diseases
  • Presenting and publishing reports and papers on the basis of experiments and observations
  • Developing crops that resist water deficiency, insects and other diseases
  • Developing techniques to guard environment and clean up contamination

Pros & Cons of a Career in Biophysics

Pros
  • Professionals get the opportunities to work on, and lead advanced research projects.
  • The field is rapidly growing, and there are a number of avenues in research roles, both in India and overseas.
  • There are opportunities to work across allied fields, such as biochemistry, microbiology, biomedical science, etc.
Cons
  • The educational path for the career is long, as a Ph.D. is generally preferred.
  • It involves spending most of the time indoors, in the laboratory.
  • It can be hard to get into the career, as it requires extensive knowledge, skill and traning.
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