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Bioinformatics

Summary

Bioinformatics, also referred to as computational biology, is a modern field that combines computer science, statistics, mathematics and engineering with biology. Professionals work on developing tools, techniques and IT systems for analysing and interpreting complex biological data, such as that obtained from biomedical studies. It makes central and globally accessible databases available to scientists, for use in research studies, to analyze data, make comparisons and develop models.

Career Opportunities in Bioinformatics

  • Bioinformatics Analyst
    Bioinformatics analyst carry out research studies in laboratories to develop informatics algorithms and bioinformatics databases which facilitate the understanding and awareness of various diseases and other health conditions.
  • Medical Coding
    Medical coders are involved in the coding of healthcare claims made by patients to obtain claims from insurance companies and government healthcare programs.
  • Pharmaceutical companies
    Bioinformatics researchers and professionals are actively hired by pharmaceutical companies, in research roles and in other departments.
  • Research
    Research is a prime avenue for bioinformatics professionals. Research positions are available at various government agencies, private laboratories, and other organizations.
  • Scientific Writer
    Journalists and writers with a science background also play a major role in informing the general public about relevant and emerging biological issues. Bioinformatics are often employed by high-profile journals as well as online magazines and science blogs or print/media networks.

How to Pursue a Career in Bioinformatics

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science StreamPursue B.Sc.(Hons) in Bioinformatics or B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences or B. Sc. in Life Sciences for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Bioinformatics or M.Sc Bio-sciences for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 3-5 years.
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science StreamPursue B.Sc.(Hons) in Bioinformatics or B.Sc. (Hons) Biological Sciences or B. Sc. in Life Sciences for 3 yearsPursue PG Diploma in Bioinformatics for 1 year.-

Important Facts

  • Some colleges/University have admissions in B.Sc.(Hons) in Bioinformatics following their own entrance test or consider direct admission on the basis of previous degree marks.

Leading Institutes

Top Bioinformatics Institutes in India
College Location Website
Fergusson College Pune www.fergusson.edu
Mount Carmel College Bangalore www.mountcarmelcollegeblr.co.in
Loyola college Chennai www.loyolacollege.edu
Christ University Bengaluru www.christuniversity.in
Miranda House New Delhi www.mirandahouse.ac.in
Hansraj College New Delhi www.hansrajcollege.ac.in
Hindu College New Delhi www.hinducollege.ac.in
Shri Venkateswara college New Delhi www.svc.ac.in
Ramjas College New Delhi www.ramjascollege.edu
Gargi College New Delhi www.gargi.du.ac.in
Stella Maris College Chennai www.stellamariscollege.org
Bangalore University Bengaluru www.ibioinformatics.org
Savitribai Phule Pune University Pune www.unipune.ac.in
Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi www.jnu.ac.in
Institute of Bioinformatics and Applied Biotechnology (IBAB) Bengaluru www.ibab.ac.in
Bioinformatics Institute of India Noida www.bii.in
Dr. D. Y. Patil Biotechnology & Bioinformatics Institute Pune www.biotech.dpu.edu.in
Mumbai University Mumbai www.mu.ac.in
Jamia Milia Islamia New delhi www.jmi.ac.in
Pondicherry University Pondicherry www.pondiuni.edu.in
Top Bioinformatics Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu
Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States www.web.mit.edu
University of Oxford United Kingdom www.ox.ac.uk
University of California, Berkeley United States www.berkeley.edu
Columbia University United States www.columbia.edu
University of Pennsylvania United States www.upenn.edu
University College London United Kingdom www.ucl.ac.uk
Brown University United States www.brown.edu
National University of Singapore Singapore www.nus.edu.sg
The University of British Columbia Canada www.ubc.ca
University of Toronto Canada www.utoronto.ca
The University of Queensland Australia www.uq.edu.au
University of Tokyo Japan www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/en/index.html

Work Description

Bioinformatics job is to collect, classify, store and analyze the biochemical and biological information using computers
  • Examining huge molecular datasets for research purposes
  • Presenting and publishing research results and reports
  • Creating and developing innovative software applications or modifying existing applications to meet particular need
  • Developing innovative computational methods and analytical tools according to the need of research
  • Supervising and managing technicians and other bioinformatics staff
  • Creating concise statistics of information concerning human genomes
  • Consulting and coordinating with related departments for product innovation and advancement

Pros & Cons of a Career in Bioinformatics

Pros
  • The work can be mentally stimulating for those who like to deal with logic, and like to solve problems mentally.
  • Professionals get the opportunity to work on, and lead advanced research projects.
  • The field is rapidly growing, and there are a number of research opportunities, both in India and overseas.
  • Competent and trained professionals have the possibility to earn well.
Cons
  • The educational path for the career is long, as a Ph.D. is generally preferred.
  • It can be hard to get into the career, as it requires extensive knowledge, skill and traning.
  • The work can involve long working hours.
  • It involves spending most of the time indoors, in the laboratory.
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