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Career Library

Law

Summary

A law degree is aimed to inculcate serious advocacy skills, empowering one to argue in favor of any cause. Lawyers advice clients and provide solutions to legal issues at both, private and public level.They interpret laws, rules and regulations and prepare legal documents. They argue and debate at the courts and take decisions on legal matters.People in the field of law work in various corporate houses, law agencies, law firms, litigation, administrative services amongst others.Options in the field of law include civil law, corporate law, patent law, corporate management, legal services and administrative services.

Career Opportunities in Law

  • Law Firms
    Leading law firms are the most sought after destination for Law Graduates. As part of a law firm, one advises clients about their legal rights and recourses as well as other legal matters. Careers in the leading law firms are characterized by high pay packages and fast career progression. Graduates can work across multiple domains of law or choose to specialize in specific fast growing domains like IPR, Cyber Law etc.
  • Corporate Counsel
    Law graduates work with a company/corporate entity as an in-house legal counsel, advising on legal matters related to its business. An in-house counsel plays an important role in drafting, vetting and negotiating contracts; ensuring and monitoring compliance with rules and laws; and handling legal disputes.
  • Litigation
    Litigation provides a wide range of employment options in both private and public spheres. Here, focus is on appellate work, trial-level practice, civil litigation or criminal cases. Litigators may start with lower entry level salaries than their counterparts in the corporate sector, but can grow at a much faster pace.
  • Judicial Services/Civil Services
    Law Graduates who are looking to be part of the prestigious civil services, can prepare for the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. Exciting opportunities exists for graduates who wish to contribute towards shaping the future of the country.
  • Social Work
    If social-legal issues excite you, a promising career in Law exists with NGOs and Civil Society Organizations. Law school graduates may get opportunities to work with international organizations such as the United Nations and with international tribunals like International Court of Justice, International Criminal Court etc.
  • Legal Processing Outsourcing
    Legal Processing outsourcing (LPO) is the delegation of core legal functions like making first drafts of cases, compliance work, legal research, etc. to an external counsel. The assigned task is completed on the basis of set parameters and fixed timelines. In this field one can work at a reputed MNCs by pursuing a career in LPO.
  • Judicial Clerkship
    A judicial clerkship is an extremely valuable experience for students interested in either litigation or transactional work; it provides invaluable insights into the workings of the legal system. Law clerks act as legal assistants whose duties vary from court to court and judge to judge.
  • Media and Law
    As professionals, both journalism and law are intertwined as they require superior research and writing skills as well as a critical knowledge of the government and the legal system. Legal journalism covers legal proceedings in courts, arbitration events, criminal matters, etc., which are disseminated to the public. It includes legal publishing and law reporting.

How to Become a Lawyer

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
path 1
Clear Class XII in Any stream Pursue BA.LLB/ BBA.LLB/ B.Com. LLB for 5 years Pursue LLM in Multiple Specialization for 1-2 yearsPursue PhD in Multiple Specializations
path 2
Clear Class XII in Science stream Pursue B.Sc. LLB for 5 years Pursue LLM in Multiple Specialization for 1-2 years Pursue PhD in Multiple Specializations
path 3
Clear Class XII in Any stream Pursue Graduation in any Discipline for 3-4 years Pursue LLB for 3 yearsPursue LLM in Multiple Specializations for 1-2 years

Important Facts

  • Most of the colleges have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII
  • Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit
  • Some colleges also have eligibility criteria of minimum 45% aggregate marks in Class XII for general category and 40% aggregate marks in Class XII for SC & ST category candidates.
  • B.Sc. LLB, BBA.LLB. and B.Com. LLB. are available as courses only in selected colleges.
  • No mandatory subject in Class XII.
  • Entry to top level colleges requires a high score in entrance tests like CLAT/LSAT/AILET amongst others.

Leading Institutes

Top Law Institutes in India
College Location Website
National Law School of India University (NLSIU) Bangalore, Bhopal, and 17 other locations www.nls.ac.in/ www.nlujodhpur.ac.in/ www.nliu.ac.in/ www.nlumumbai.edu.in/
Faculty of Law, University of Delhi New Delhi www.du.ac.in/du/index.php?page=law
National Law University New Delhi www.nludelhi.ac.in
Nalsar University of Law Hyderabad www.nalsar.ac.in
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences Kolkata www.nujs.edu
Symbiosis Law School Pune www.symlaw.ac.in
Indian Law Society Law College Pune www.ilslaw.edu/
Gujarat National Law University Gandhi Nagar www.gnlu.ac.in
Jindal Global Law School Sonepat www.jgls.edu.in/
Faculty of Law, Banaras Hindu University Varanasi www.bhu.ac.in/lawfaculty
National Law Institute University Bhopal www.nliu.ac.in/
Sinhgad Law College Pune www.sinhgad.edu/SINHGAD-LAW-COLLEGE/
Amity Law School Noida www.amity.edu/alsn
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University Lucknow www.rmlnlu.ac.in
Government Law College Mumbai www.glcmumbai.com
Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law Patiala www.rgnul.ac.in
Faculty of Law, Jamia Millia Islamia New Delhi www.jmi.ac.in/law
Sharda University Noida www.sharda.ac.in/schools/law-school
Cochin University of Science & Technology Kochi www.cusat.ac.in
Top Law Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu/
University of Oxford United Kingdom www.ox.ac.uk/
University of Cambridge United Kingdom www.cam.ac.uk
Yale University United States www.yale.edu
New York University United States www.nyu.edu
Stanford University United States www.stanford.edu/
London School of Economics & Political Science United Kingdom www.lse.ac.uk
University of Melbourne Australia www.unimelb.edu.au
University of California, Berkeley United States www.berkeley.edu
Columbia University United States www.columbia.edu
The University of Sydney Australia www.sydney.edu.au
University of Toronto Canada www.utoronto.ca/

Law Entrance Exams

Undergraduate
College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Common Law Admission Exam (CLAT) May General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.clat.ac.in
Law School Admission Test (LSAT) May Analytical Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, Reading Comprehension www.pearsonvueindia.com/lsatindia
Maharashtra Common Entrance for Law (MH CET Law) June General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.mhtcet2016.co.in/
Alliance University Common Admission Test (ACLAT) June General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.law.alliance.edu.in/asl/ballb-admissions.php
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPU CET LLB) April General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.ipu.ac.in/
Banaras Hindu University BA LLB Admission Test (BLAT) May General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.bhuonline.in
Delhi University Law Entrance Exam (DU LLB) June General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.du.ac.in/du/index.php?page=law
Jamia Millia Islamia Law Entrance Exam May/June General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.jmi.ac.in About Jamia Facultiess Faculty of Law
Allahabad University LLB Admission Test (LFAT) May General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.allduniv.ac.in
Panjab University BA LLB/LLB Entrance Exam April/June General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.uglaw.puchd.ac.in/ pglaw.puchd.ac.in/
Aligarh Muslim University Law Entrance Exam (AMU) May General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.amu.ac.in/
Cochin University of Science & Technology Common Admission Test (CUSAT) May General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.cusat.ac.in/
The IFCAI Test for Law Admissions (ITLA) May General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.icfaiuniversity.in/bba_llb.html
Symbiosis Law Entrance Test (SET) May General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.set-test.org
Postgraduate
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
All India Law Entrance Test (AILET) May General Knowledge, English, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning, Numerical Ability www.nludelhi.ac.in/ailet2017.aspx
Alliance University Common Admission Test (ACLAT) June General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.law.alliance.edu.in/asl/ballb-admissions.php
Panjab University BA LLB/LLB Entrance Exam April/June General Knowledge, English, Current Affairs, Mathematics, Legal Aptitude, Logical Reasoning www.uglaw.puchd.ac.in/ pglaw.puchd.ac.in/

Work Description

  • Meet and consult clients to understand and manage their legal transactions
  • Draft official papers, letters and agreements personalized to the client's specific requirements
  • Suggest clients on legal and law matters according to their case
  • Gather evidence to formulate defense strategy, by means of interviewing clients and witnesses to ascertain the facts
  • Interpret laws, rulings and regulations for individuals and businesses
  • Analyze probable scenarios in cases, using knowledge of legal theory and precedents
  • Negotiate and bargain with clients and other related network partners to achieve the given objective
  • Manage and supervise the execution and drafting of contracts
  • Correspond with clients and conflicting advocates
  • Represent clients in Court during disputes

Pros & Cons of a Career in Law

Pros
  • It is a high paying job once you are thorough with the subject.
  • Provides opportunities to help people.
  • Lawyers are always in demand.
Cons
  • Need to learn a lot of information.
  • Hard decisions to be made during most trials, hence it can be stressful.
  • Ethical and moral issues.
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