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Horticulture is most conventional field of agriculture. It is an applied science which deals with vegetables, ornamental flowers and fruits. Horticulturists are involved in the cultivation and propagation of plants with the aim of improving their quality, yield, growth, nutritional value, and resistance to diseases and insects . Nowadays, horticulture is considered as one of the the most rapidly growing sectors in agriculture and is a focus area to stimulate agricultural growth, due to the fast changing food habits of the domestic population towards more nutritious food, and increasing overseas demand.

Career Opportunities in Horticulture

  • Horticultural Therapist
    Horticultural therapists utilize their knowledge of plants to help their patients with cognitive and physical disabilities.
  • Researcher / Horticultural scientist
    Researchers in this field study plant genetics and develop plants that have natural immunity to diseases and resistance to environmental damage.
  • Nurseries
    People in this profession grow plants from seedlings and make sure they make it through their entire lifecycle.
  • Landscaping
    This involves designing and maintaining commercial and residential grounds by utilizing one's knowledge of plants, flowers, irrigation, and trees. An eye for design is also important.
  • Floriculturist
    Floriculturists deals with the study of growing foliage flowers and plants and then marketing them. Their specialization is in planning and designing of interior/exterior landscapes for recreational areas, parks, industrial sites, shopping malls or other projects.
  • Olericulturist
    The study of vegetable culture is called as 'Olericulture'. Olericulturists work in industries, universities, research institutes, and other organizations at different levels. Vegetable growers are in great demand presently in the private sector as the seed industry is growing.
  • Pomologist
    Pomologists focus on the cultivation, production, post-harvest, processing, storage, and value addition of fruit plants which have been identified as the major sources of vitamins, protein, antioxidants and carbohydrates. Pomologists work in industries, ICAR, state agricultural universities and in various other organizations.
  • Viticulturist
    Viticulture is a branch of horticulture. Viticulturists are involved in the study and production of grapes for the production of wine in vineyards. They develop new varieties, modify existing varieties, control pests and nutients to improve quality and yield of grapes.

How to Pursue a Career in Horticulture

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory)Pursue B.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory)Pursue B. Sc. Agriculture (Hons.) for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job

Important Facts

  • Some colleges have Maths as mandatory subjects in Class XII.
  • Must have passed class 12th or senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English.
  • The minimum age limit is 17 years for B. Sc. Courses.

Leading Institutes

Top Horticulture Institutes in India
College Location Website
Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry Himachal Pradesh
Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth Maharashtra
Navsari Agricultural University Gujarat
Indira Gandhi KrishiVishwavidyalaya Chhattisgarh
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Junagadh Agricultural University Gujarat
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth Pune, Maharashtra
Anand Agricultural University Gujarat
IGNOU, Delhi Delhi
ICAR- Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture Utter Pradesh
Thanthai Roever Institute of Agriculture and Rural Development (TRIARD) Tamilnadu
University of Horticultural Sciences Karnataka
Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Tamil Nadu
Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agricultural Technology and Sciences (SHIATS) Uttar Pradesh
Top Horticulture Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Cornell University United States
University of Florida United States
University of California, Davis United States
University of Wisconsin-Madison United States
Lincoln University New Zealand -
Massey University New Zealand
University of British Columbia Canada

Horticulture Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
KEAM April Physics, Chemistry, Maths
EAMCET April Biology, Physics, Chemistry
ICAR-AIEEA May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
GUJCET May Physics, Chemistry, Biology
GBPUAT June Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
JET May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Agriculture, Biology
CET GADVASU June Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths
SHIATS June-July General Aptitude, Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths
KCET May Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Maths
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
ICAR-AIEEA April Subject specific

Work Description

  • Supervising pest, disease and weed control programmes, equally with health and hygienic principles
  • Planning, managing and operating transplanting lines in green house as products vary throughout the year
  • Examining produce, costs and profits of horticultural operations
  • Formulating innovative or improved working and business strategies
  • Developing innovative products and bargaining with customers and suppliers
  • Managing trading system and assisting in operating structure, storage and transportation of products
  • Ensuring that the quality, health, safety and hygienic standards and principles of the products are fulfilled
  • Managing financial budgets, records and accounts
  • Staying abreast with the new developments in the horticulture field

Pros & Cons of a Career in Horticulture

  • There are a number of work opportunities available as the field of horticulture is a growing one.
  • Professionals get to work in a variety of environments such as laboratories, offices, field and greenhouses.
  • Salaries are low to average.
  • There is the danger of exposure to hazardous chemicals.
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