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Horticulture

Summary

Horticulture is most conventional field of agriculture. It is an applied science which deals with vegetables, ornamental flowers and fruits. Horticulturists are involved in the cultivation and propagation of plants with the aim of improving their quality, yield, growth, nutritional value, and resistance to diseases and insects . Nowadays, horticulture is considered as one of the the most rapidly growing sectors in agriculture and is a focus area to stimulate agricultural growth, due to the fast changing food habits of the domestic population towards more nutritious food, and increasing overseas demand.

Career Opportunities in Horticulture

  • Horticultural Therapist
    Horticultural therapists utilize their knowledge of plants to help their patients with cognitive and physical disabilities.
  • Researcher / Horticultural scientist
    Researchers in this field study plant genetics and develop plants that have natural immunity to diseases and resistance to environmental damage.
  • Nurseries
    People in this profession grow plants from seedlings and make sure they make it through their entire lifecycle.
  • Landscaping
    This involves designing and maintaining commercial and residential grounds by utilizing one's knowledge of plants, flowers, irrigation, and trees. An eye for design is also important.
  • Floriculturist
    Floriculturists deals with the study of growing foliage flowers and plants and then marketing them. Their specialization is in planning and designing of interior/exterior landscapes for recreational areas, parks, industrial sites, shopping malls or other projects.
  • Olericulturist
    The study of vegetable culture is called as 'Olericulture'. Olericulturists work in industries, universities, research institutes, and other organizations at different levels. Vegetable growers are in great demand presently in the private sector as the seed industry is growing.
  • Pomologist
    Pomologists focus on the cultivation, production, post-harvest, processing, storage, and value addition of fruit plants which have been identified as the major sources of vitamins, protein, antioxidants and carbohydrates. Pomologists work in industries, ICAR, state agricultural universities and in various other organizations.
  • Viticulturist
    Viticulture is a branch of horticulture. Viticulturists are involved in the study and production of grapes for the production of wine in vineyards. They develop new varieties, modify existing varieties, control pests and nutients to improve quality and yield of grapes.

How to Pursue a Career in Horticulture

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory)Pursue B.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory)Pursue B. Sc. Agriculture (Hons.) for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. Horticulture (Hons.) for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job

Important Facts

  • Some colleges have Maths as mandatory subjects in Class XII.
  • Must have passed class 12th or senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English.
  • The minimum age limit is 17 years for B. Sc. Courses.

Leading Institutes

Top Horticulture Institutes in India
College Location Website
Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry Himachal Pradesh www.yspuniversity.ac.in
Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth Maharashtra www.pdkv.ac.in/#sthash.F3D4lTiy.dpbs
Navsari Agricultural University Gujarat www.nau.in
Indira Gandhi KrishiVishwavidyalaya Chhattisgarh www.igau.edu.in
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu www.tnau.ac.in
Junagadh Agricultural University Gujarat www.jau.in
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth Pune, Maharashtra www.mpkv.ac.in
Anand Agricultural University Gujarat www.aau.in
IGNOU, Delhi Delhi www.ignou.ac.in
ICAR- Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture Utter Pradesh www.cish.res.in
Thanthai Roever Institute of Agriculture and Rural Development (TRIARD) Tamilnadu www.roeveragri.ac.in
University of Horticultural Sciences Karnataka www.uhsbagalkot.edu.in
Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Tamil Nadu www.agritech.tnau.ac.in/horticulture/horti_index.html
Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agricultural Technology and Sciences (SHIATS) Uttar Pradesh www.shiats.edu.in
Top Horticulture Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Cornell University United States www.cornell.edu
University of Florida United States www.ufl.edu
University of California, Davis United States www.ucdavis.edu
University of Wisconsin-Madison United States www.wisc.edu
Lincoln University New Zealand -
Massey University New Zealand www.massey.ac.nz
University of British Columbia Canada www.ubc.ca

Horticulture Entrance Exams

Undergraduate
College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
KEAM April Physics, Chemistry, Maths www.cee-kerala.org/index.php/keam
EAMCET April Biology, Physics, Chemistry www.apeamcet.org
ICAR-AIEEA May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture www.icar.org.in
GUJCET May Physics, Chemistry, Biology www.gseb.org
GBPUAT June Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture www.gbpuat.ac.in
JET May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Agriculture, Biology www.jetexam.in
CET GADVASU June Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths www.gadvasu.in
SHIATS June-July General Aptitude, Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths www.shiats.edu.in
KCET May Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Maths www.kea.kar.nic.in
Postgraduate
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
ICAR-AIEEA April Subject specific www.icar.org.in

Work Description

  • Supervising pest, disease and weed control programmes, equally with health and hygienic principles
  • Planning, managing and operating transplanting lines in green house as products vary throughout the year
  • Examining produce, costs and profits of horticultural operations
  • Formulating innovative or improved working and business strategies
  • Developing innovative products and bargaining with customers and suppliers
  • Managing trading system and assisting in operating structure, storage and transportation of products
  • Ensuring that the quality, health, safety and hygienic standards and principles of the products are fulfilled
  • Managing financial budgets, records and accounts
  • Staying abreast with the new developments in the horticulture field

Pros & Cons of a Career in Horticulture

Pros
  • There are a number of work opportunities available as the field of horticulture is a growing one.
  • Professionals get to work in a variety of environments such as laboratories, offices, field and greenhouses.
Cons
  • Salaries are low to average.
  • There is the danger of exposure to hazardous chemicals.
Are you fit for a career in Horticulture?

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