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Food Science and Technology


Food science derives from various disciplines such as chemical engineering, biochemistry and biology in an attempt to better understand the food processes and improve food products for the general public. Food scientists study the microbiological, chemical and physical makeup of food. Food Scientists & Technologists use principles of chemistry, engineering, microbiology and other sciences to ensure food safety and agricultural productivity. The technologist discovers new food sources, analyses nutrition content and finds different ways to process, package and preserve food. Thus, food scientists play an important role in improving the quality of the food that we eat everyday.

Career Opportunities in Food Science and Technology

  • Nutritional Therapist
    Nutritional therapists work with individuals to reduce and prevent ailments by making recommendations to their diet to restore balance, which includes guidance on avoiding certain allergens and toxins, detoxification and the use of supplementary nutrients such as high-dose vitamins.
  • Food technologist
    Food technologists make sure that the food products available in the market are produced legally, safely and are up to the quality claimed. They are involved in the development of the manufacturing processes and recipes of food and drink products. They work on existing and newly discovered ingredients for the invention of new recipes and concepts.
  • Product development scientists
    Product development scientists are hired by companies which manufacture products to control and optimize the processes used to make the final product. They work across the manufacturing industry on products as diverse as medicines, cosmetics paints and food.
  • Toxicologist
    Toxicologists focus on the impact that radiation and toxic materials have on the environment and human and animal health. They plan and carry out field and laboratory studies that help to classify, monitor and assess this impact. They also consider how future technology can be utilized.
  • Technical Brewer
    The whole process of brewing and packaging beer is administered by technical brewers. Their main aim is to ensure the quality and consistency of the product.
  • Animal Nutritionist
    The aim of animal nutritionists is to increase and promote the understanding of the effect of diet on the health, well-being and productivity of animals.
  • Process Development Scientists
    Their aim is to optimize the performance of manufacturing systems. They are in charge of the identification and development of new processes for product manufacturing. They are also involved in the implementation of process controls to ensure the quality of the products and that they are manufactured in a reproducible manner.

How to Pursue a Career in Food Science and Technology

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory)Pursue B. Tech. (Food Science) for 4 yearsPursue M. Tech. (Food Science) for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory)Pursue B.Sc. (Food Technology) for 4 yearsPursue M.Sc. (Food Technology) for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job
Path 3
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (English is mandatory)Pursue B.Sc. (Food Technology) or B.Tech. Food Science Pursue Diploma in Food Technology for 1 yearPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job

Important Facts

  • Some colleges have Maths as mandatory subject in Class XII
  • Must have passed class 12th or senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English
  • The minimum age limit is 17 years for the B. Tech course

Leading Institutes

Top Food Science and Technology Institutes in India
College Location Website
VNMKV University Maharashtra
University of Agricultural Sciences Bangalore
Anand Agricultural University Gujarat
GovindBallabh Pant University Of Agriculture and Technology Uttarakhand
Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology Udaipur, Rajasthan
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University Hyderabad
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Aditya Food Technology College Maharastra
Agricultural College, Bapatla Andhra Pradesh
College of Agriculture, Hassan Karnataka
College of Home Science Himachal Pradesh
All India Institute of Local Self Government, Bhubaneswar Odisha
Top Food Science and Technology Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Cornell University United States
University of Florida United States
University of British Columbia Canada
Federation University Australia Australia
University of Lincoln United Kingdom
University of California, Davis United States

Food Science and Technology Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
JEE Main (Paper 1) April Physics, Chemistry, Maths
WBJEE May Physics, Chemistry, Maths
EAMCET April Botany, Zoology, Physics, Chemistry
ICAR-AIEEA May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
GUJCET May Physics, Chemistry, Biology
GBPUAT June Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Graduate Aptitude Test of Engineering (GATE) January to February Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Food Microbiology, Food Products Technology, Food Engineering

Work Description

Food technologist ensure the manufacturing & modification of food products in a safe, lawfull and efficient manner.
Typical work activities include
  • Use scientific knowledge to develop recipes and formulae for new food products and beverages
  • Research on and identify different ways to keep food fresh for longer periods
  • Work in laboratories to combine different flavours to produce product samples
  • Make sure that products have the right shape, colour and consistency when manufactured on a mass scale
  • Assure the quality, safety and legitimacy of the manufactured product
  • Keep up to date with the emerging consumer market and modern technologies to create innovative products
  • Work with dealers on quality matters and new products
  • Manage dealers and external suppliers to get cost effective deals when purchasing ingredients, raw materials and chemicals

Pros & Cons of a Career in Food Science and Technology

  • It can open up a lot of different career avenues and opportunities for you as a food science degree is applicable to many different industries.
  • Since the number of individuals pursuing this course are still limited, with the right type of education and training, you can be in high demand in the job market.
  • Many careers in food science require you to have a high level of education, sometimes even a doctorate level. Thus, it requires a major investment of time and money on your part.
  • A job in the food science domain might require you to work in unpleasant, and sometimes even hazardous conditions.
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