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Dairy Technology

Summary

Dairy Technology is concerned with the handling and management of milk starting from production and processing right down to consumption. It includes processing, storage, packaging, transport and physical distribution. It aims at preventing spoilage of milk, increase its shelf-life, improve quality and make it safe for human consumption. Other than that, some principles of engineering, physics, chemistry and economics are also used in the field of dairy technology, in order to develop the appropriate milk utilization and their products. The growth and expansion of dairy industries have opened up vast job opportunities as there are more than 400 dairy plants in the country.

Career Opportunities in Dairy Technology

  • Dairy Supervisor
    Dairy supervisors manage employees in charge of dairy production and oversee the daily operations. They can work in a dairy plant either in plant design, equipment or project execution.
  • Dairy consultant
    Dairy consultants provide support to the organizations in the dairy industry looking for investors, help build them strategic alliances, joint ventures, foreign partnerships and help existing dairy units to be more effective and efficient and also improve their profits by being efficient at all functional areas.
  • Freelancer
    Freelancers can start their own creamery units, ice-cream units and milk plants.
  • Government Organizations
    Dairy technologists are recruited by Quality Control departments. There are opportunities available in the dairy products manufacturing companies run by the government.
  • Private organizations
    Dairy technologists can also pursue their career as marketing personnel or Dairy engineers with private companies. Various companies like HUL, Verka, Nestle, Mother Dairy, Amul offer jobs in their firms.
  • Teacher
    Those who wish to pursue their career in the teaching field can apply for lecturer posts available in various institutions which offer Dairy Technology courses.
  • Researcher/ Dairy Scientist
    This field has lots of opportunities for those who want to pursue a career as a researcher. They can also work as a dairy scientist in various research institutes.

How to Pursue a Career in Dairy Technology

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (Maths is recommended)Pursue B. Tech (Dairy Technology) for 4 yearsPursue M. Tech (Dairy Technology) for 2 yearsPh.D for 2-3 years/Job
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (Maths is recommended)Pursue B.Sc. (Dairy Technology) for 3 yearsPursue M.Sc. (Dairy Technology) for 2 yearsPh.D for 2-3 years/Job

Important Facts

  • Some colleges have Maths and English as mandatory subjects in Class XII
  • Must have passed class 12th or senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English
  • The minimum age limit is 17 years for the B. Tech course

Leading Institutes

Top Dairy Technology Institutes in India
College Location Website
Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Kerala www.kvasu.ac.in/college/more/4
Anand Agricultural University Gujarat www.aau.in
Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Chhattisgarh www.igau.edu.in
Maharashtra Animal & Fishery Sciences University Maharashtra www.mafsu.in
Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology Udaipur, Rajasthan www.mpuat.ac.in
Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati Andhra Pradesh www.svvu.edu.in
Karnataka Veterinary, Animal & Fisheries Sciences University Karnataka www.kvafsu.kar.nic.in
National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) Haryana www.ndri.res.in
Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agricultural Technology and Sciences (SHIATS) Uttar Pradesh www.shiats.edu.in
West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences West Bengal www.wbuafsce.org
Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Ludhiana, Punjab www.gadvasu.in/default.asp
Bundelkhand University, Jhansi UP www.bujhansi.org
Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Dairy Science and Technology Bihar www.sgidst.org.in
Top Dairy Technology Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
University of Wisconsin-Madison United States www.wisc.edu
University of Georgia United States www.uga.edu
Ohio State University United States www.osu.edu
Michigan State University United States www.msu.edu

Dairy Technology Entrance Exams

Undergraduate
College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
JEE Main April Physics, Chemistry, Maths www.jeemain.nic.in/webinfo/Public/Home.aspx
KEAM April Physics, Chemistry, Maths www.cee-kerala.org/index.php/keam
EAMCET April Biology, Physics, Chemistry www.apeamcet.org
ICAR-AIEEA May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture www.icar.org.in
GUJCET May Physics, Chemistry, Biology www.gseb.org
GBPUAT June Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture www.gbpuat.ac.in
JET May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Agriculture, Biology www.jetexam.in
CET GADVASU June Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths www.gadvasu.in
SHIATS June-July General Aptitude, Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths www.shiats.edu.in
WBJEE May Physics, Chemistry, Maths www.wbjeeb.nic.in/CounsInfo/Public/Home.aspx
Postgraduate
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
ICAR-AIEEA April Subject specific www.icar.org.in

Work Description

  • Study the properties and chemical makeup of dairy products like milk, cheese, ice cream, etc
  • Conduct experiments to avert microbial growth in milk through handling and processing, improving pasteurization techniques.
  • Conducting experiments to improve production of dairy products
  • Specialize according to merchandise or functional doings such as storage difficulties or hygiene research of dairy products
  • Collaborate with and work with agriculture and food scientists
  • Work with the principles of various disciplines of science, engineering and economics to develop innovative and refined techniques in manufacturing, preservation and consumption of dairy products

Pros & Cons of a Career in Dairy Technology

Pros
  • The dairy industry in India is growing at a fast pace.
  • There are plenty of job opportunities available.
Cons
  • The work can often involve living and working in remote areas such as villages, far away from the comfort of the home.
  • The salaries are average.
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