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Soil Science


Soil science involves the in-depth study of soil as an environmental reserve, including the study of soil formation, physical, biological, chemical and fertility properties of soils; and these properties in relation to the use and management of soils. It also includes the classification and mapping of soil properties. Soil scientists are interested in exploring and understanding the nature of earth’s water and land resources. Soil science students learn to identify, interpret, and manage soils for forestry, agriculture, rangeland, urban uses, ecosystems, mining and reclamation in a way that is environmentally conscious.

Career Opportunities in Soil Science

  • Plant Scientists
    Plant scientists focus on increasing the amount and quality of food produced by the national food supply.
  • Rural practice surveyor
    They provide strategic and practical knowledge to a range of clients on rural land and property.
  • Soil Scientist
    A soil scientist gathers, interprets and evaluates information about different typed of soils to inform and influence issues such as agricultural production, biodiversity, climate change; environmental quality, human health, land remediation.
  • Agricultural Consultant
    Support, solutions and advice is offered by agricultural consultants or advisers to their clients to ensure their enterprise or business is running as effectively and efficiently as possible.
  • Agro-industry Sector jobs
    The agro-industry sector makes jobs available for scientists, engineers, sales, marketing people and technologists.
  • Services Sector jobs
    This sector provides jobs to agricultural technicians, graders, agricultural consultants, veterinarians, agricultural statisticians, etc. Jobs by Banks, finance and insurance companies are also available for agriculturists.Many job opportunities are available in estates and tea gardens as well.
  • Corporations
    Various corporations viz. National Seed Corporation, the State farm Corporation, Warehousing Corporation and Food Corporation, etc. provide job opportunities to agriculturists.
  • Agriculture Management
    Farm managers tend to work in either dairy, crop or animal production. Their work includes planning tactics/strategies for the maximum yield, organization of farm administration, working machinery, organization of associated businesses and staff management.
  • Self-employed
    Free lancers can work in agricultural firms, agriculture product shops and agro-base industries.

How to Pursue a Career in Soil Science

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCMB Pursue B. Sc. Agricultural (Hons.) for 4 yearsPursue M. Sc. in specialization for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years/Job

Important Facts

  • Some colleges have English as mandatory subjects in Class XII
  • Must have passed class 12th or senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English
  • The minimum age limit is 17 years for B.Sc. course

Leading Institutes

Top Soil Science Institutes in India
College Location Website
Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad Hyderabad
Anand Agricultural University Gujarat
Indira Gandhi Agricultural University Chhattisgarh
Junagadh Agricultural University Gujarat
Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology Udaipur, Rajasthan
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Pune Pune, Maharashtra
Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University Gujarat
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Rajendra Agricultural University Pusa, Bihar
Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Uttarakhand
Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana, Punjab
Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agricultural Technology and Sciences- SHIATS Uttar Pradesh
Navsari Agricultural University Gujarat
Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Ranchi
ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil Sciences Bhopal
Top Soil Science Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Cornell University United States
University of Florida United States
Wageningen University Netherlands
University of California, Davis United States
University of Wisconsin, Madison United States
University of Sydney Australia
Massey University New Zealand
North Carolina State University United States

Soil Science Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
JEE Main (Paper 1) April Physics, Chemistry, Maths
GUJCET May Physics, Chemistry, Biology
EAMCET April Botany, Zoology, Physics, Chemistry
CG PAT May Physics, Chemistry, Maths/Biology/Agriculture
CET GADVASU June Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths
JET May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Agriculture, Biology
SHIATS June-July General Aptitude, Agriculture
ICAR-AIEEA May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
BCECE May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology
GBPUAT June Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
ICAR-AIEEA April Subject specific

Work Description


Pros & Cons of a Career in Soil Science

  • It involves work both indoors and outdoors, i.e. in the laboratory as well as the field.
  • Since the number of individuals pursuing this course are still limited, with the right type of education and training, you can be in great demand in the job market.
  • The salaries are average.
  • It involves work in the fields, which might not be appealing to some people.
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