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Plant Breeding and Genetics


Plant breeding is the science of modification of plant traits in order to produce desired characteristics. Plant breeding can be accomplished through various techniques ranging from selective breeding of plants with desirable characteristics for propagation, to more complex molecular techniques. It is practiced worldwide by farmers and gardeners, or by plant breeders employed by organizations such as universities, crop-specific industries, research centers and government institutions.

Career Opportunities in Plant Breeding and Genetics

  • Plant Scientists
    Plant scientists focus on increasing the amount and quality of food produced by the national food supply.
  • Rural practice surveyor
    They provide strategic and practical knowledge to a range of clients on rural land and property.
  • Soil Scientist
    A soil scientist gathers, interprets and evaluates information about different typed of soils to inform and influence issues such as agricultural production, biodiversity, climate change; environmental quality, human health, land remediation.
  • Agricultural Consultant
    Support, solutions and advice is offered by agricultural consultants or advisers to their clients to ensure their enterprise or business is running as effectively and efficiently as possible.
  • Agro-industry Sector jobs
    The agro-industry sector makes jobs available for scientists, engineers, sales, marketing people and technologists.
  • Services Sector jobs
    This sector provides jobs to agricultural technicians, graders, agricultural consultants, veterinarians, agricultural statisticians, etc. Jobs by Banks, finance and insurance companies are also available for agriculturists.Many job opportunities are available in estates and tea gardens as well.
  • Corporations
    Various corporations viz. National Seed Corporation, the State farm Corporation, Warehousing Corporation and Food Corporation, etc. provide job opportunities to agriculturists.
  • Agriculture Management
    Farm managers tend to work in either dairy, crop or animal production. Their work includes planning tactics/strategies for the maximum yield, organization of farm administration, working machinery, organization of associated businesses and staff management.
  • Self-employed
    Free lancers can work in agricultural firms, agriculture product shops and agro-base industries.

How to Pursue a Career in Plant Breeding and Genetics

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCMB Pursue B. Sc Agricultural (Hons.) for 4 yearsPursue M. Sc in specialization for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D. for 2-3 years/Job

Important Facts

  • Some colleges have English as mandatory subjects in Class XII
  • Must have passed class 12th or senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English
  • The minimum age limit is 17 years for B.Sc course

Leading Institutes

Top Plant Breeding and Genetics Institutes in India
College Location Website
Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad Hyderabad
Anand Agricultural University Gujarat
Indira Gandhi Agricultural University Chhattisgarh
Junagadh Agricultural University Gujarat
Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology Udaipur, Rajasthan
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Pune Pune, Maharashtra
Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University Gujarat
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Rajendra Agricultural University Pusa, Bihar
Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Uttarakhand
Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana, Punjab
Sam Higginbottom institute of agricultural technology and sciences- SHIATS Uttar Pradesh
Navsari Agricultural University Gujarat
Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Ranchi
A.K.S University, Satna Madhya Pradesh
Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya West Bengal
Kerala Agricultural University Kerala
University of Kerala Kerala
BFIT Group of Institutions, Dehradun Uttarakhand
Top Plant Breeding and Genetics Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Cornell University United States
University of Florida United States
Wageningen University Netherlands
University of California, Davis United States
University of Wisconsin, Madison United States
University of Sydney Australia
Massey University New Zealand
North Carolina State University United States

Plant Breeding and Genetics Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
JEE Main (Paper 1) April Physics, Chemistry, Maths
GUJCET May Physics, Chemistry, Biology
EAMCET April Botany, Zoology, Physics, Chemistry
CG PAT May Physics, Chemistry, Maths/Biology/Agriculture
CET GADVASU June Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths
JET May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Agriculture, Biology
SHIATS June-July General Aptitude, Agriculture
ICAR-AIEEA May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
BCECE May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology
GBPUAT June Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
ICAR-AIEEA April Subject specific

Work Description

  • Developing plans for irrigation, soil improvement and drainage
  • Examining and developing techniques to obtain quality products
  • Supervising the manufacturing of food prepared from agricultural products
  • Determining the techniques for sowing of crops
  • Managing and improving the agricultural techniques in the plant cultivation
  • Developing methods to produce the best crops in the most reliable way in any condition
  • Selecting and sourcing seeds, fertilizers and other resources
  • Developing techniques to control pests and weeds to yield disease free crops
  • Innovating on methods to produce the best crops in the most reliable way in any condition
  • Formulating schemes for livestock production
  • Writing reports on the experiments conducted and data collected

Pros & Cons of a Career in Plant Breeding and Genetics

  • There are a number of work opportunities available as the field of plant breeding is a growing one.
  • Professionals get to work in a variety of environments such as laboratories, offices, field and greenhouses.
  • Salaries are low to average.
  • There is the danger of exposure to hazardous chemicals.
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