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Agronomy is defined as the science and technology of producing and utilizing plants for different uses such as obtaining fuel, land reclamation, food and fiber. Agronomy is a branch of agricultural science that includes work in the fields of plant physiology, soil science, meteorology, and plant genetics. Agronomists focus on developing techniques to enhance the production of food and fiber crops.

Career Opportunities in Agronomy

  • Plant Scientists
    The focus of plant scientists is on increasing the amount and quality of food produced by the national food suppliers.
  • Rural practice surveyor
    They provide strategic and practical knowledge to a range of clients on rural land and property.
  • Soil Scientist
    A soil scientist gathers, interprets and evaluates information about different typed of soils to inform and influence issues such as agricultural production, biodiversity, climate change; environmental quality, human health, land remediation.
  • Agricultural Consultant
    Support, solutions and advice is offered by agricultural consultants or advisers to their clients to ensure their enterprise or business is running as effectively and efficiently as possible.
  • Agro-industry Sector Jobs
    The agro-industry sector makes jobs available for scientists, engineers, sales, marketing people and technologists.
  • Services Sector Jobs
    This sector provides jobs to agricultural technicians, graders, agricultural consultants, veterinarians, agricultural statisticians, etc. Jobs by Banks, finance and insurance companies are also available for agriculturists.Many job opportunities are available in estates and tea gardens as well.
  • Corporations
    Various corporations viz. National Seed Corporation, the State farm Corporation, Warehousing Corporation and Food Corporation, etc. provide job opportunities to agriculturists.
  • Agriculture Management
    Farm managers tend to work in either dairy, crop or animal production. Their work includes planning tactics/strategies for the maximum yield, organization of farm administration, working machinery, organization of associated businesses and staff management.
  • Self-Employment
    Free lancers can work in agricultural firms, agriculture product shops and agro-base industries.

How to Pursue a Career in Agronomy

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCMB Pursue B. Sc Agriculture (Hons.) for 3 yearsPursue M. Sc in Agriculture for 2 yearsPh.D for 2-3 years/Job

Important Facts

  • Some colleges have English as a mandatory subject in Class XII
  • Must have passed class 12th or senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English
  • The minimum age limit is 17 years for the B.Sc course

Leading Institutes

Top Agronomy Institutes in India
College Location Website
Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad Hyderabad
Anand Agricultural University Gujarat
Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Chhattisgarh
Junagadh Agricultural University Gujarat
Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology Udaipur, Rajasthan
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Pune Pune, Maharashtra
Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University Gujarat
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Rajendra Agricultural University Pusa, Bihar
Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Uttarakhand
Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana, Punjab
Sam Higginbottom institute of agricultural technology and sciences- SHIATS Uttar Pradesh
Navsari Agricultural University Gujarat
Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Ranchi
Agricultural College and Research Institute, Killikulam Tamil Nadu
Agricultural College, Bapatla Andhra Pradesh
Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya West Bengal
Top Agronomy Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Cornell University United States
University of Florida United States
Wageningen University Netherlands
University of California, Berkeley United States
The Australian National University Australia
University of California, Davis United States
Purdue University United States
University of Queensland Australia

Agronomy Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
JEE Main (Paper 1) April Physics, Chemistry, Maths
GUJCET May Physics, Chemistry, Biology
EAMCET April Botany, Zoology, Physics, Chemistry
CG PAT May Physics, Chemistry, Maths/Biology/Agriculture
CET GADVASU June Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths
JET May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Agriculture, Biology
SHIATS June-July General Aptitude, Agriculture
ICAR-AIEEA May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
BCECE May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology
GBPUAT June Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, Agriculture
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
ICAR-AIEEA April Subject specific

Work Description

  • Developing plans for irrigation, soil improvement and drainage
  • Examining and developing techniques to obtain quality products
  • Supervising the manufacturing of food prepared from agricultural products
  • Determining the improved techniques for sowing of crops
  • Managing and improving the agricultural techniques in the plant cultivation
  • Developing methods to produce the best crops in the most reliable way in any condition
  • Selecting and sourcing of seeds, fertilizers and other resources
  • Developing techniques to control pests and weeds to yield disease free crops
  • Innovating on methods to produce the best crop in the most reliable way in any condition
  • Formulating schemes for livestock production
  • Writing reports on the experiments conducted and data collected

Pros & Cons of a Career in Agronomy

  • Since the number of individuals pursuing this course are still limited, with the right type of education and training, you can be in great demand in the job market.
  • Professionals in the field get to work in laboratories which might be an attractive work environment for some.
  • The jobs of agronomists and agricultural scientists also involves field work in farms, which can be tedious and difficult for many.
  • The salaries are average.
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