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Agricultural Biotechnology


Agricultural biotechnology, also called Agritech, is an area of agricultural science that involves the use of scientific instruments and techniques, such as molecular markers, genetic engineering, molecular diagnostics, tissue culture and vaccines, to modify living organisms: animals, plants and microorganisms. Biotechnology enhances the ability of breeders to make improvements to crops and livestock through the identification and modification of certain genes. Biotechnology enables improvements that are can't be achieved through the traditional method of crossing related species alone. Biotechnology is being used in improving crop yields and increasing plants? resistance to insects, disease and drought; increasing milk production; preventing and treating animal disease; and developing better ways of processing foods.

Career Opportunities in Agricultural Biotechnology

  • Product Development Scientist
    Development scientists are required in the companies which manufacture products to understand and control the processes used to make the final product. They work across the manufacturing industry, on products as diverse as medicines, cosmetics paints and food.
  • Industries
    Industries engaged in processing and development of agricultural and biological products, pharmaceutical and chemical industries, bio-processing industries are the major recruiters. There are ample opportunities in industries producing cosmetics, healthcare products, textile industry, and organizations engaged in different types of industrial research and development.
  • Agricultural Consultant
    Agricultural consultants or advisers offer support, solutions and advice to their clients to ensure that their enterprise or business is running as effectively and efficiently as possible.
  • Agriculture Management
    Agriculture managers tend to work in either dairy, crop or animal production. Their work includes planning tactics/strategies for maximum yield, organization of farm administration, working machinery, organization of associated businesses and staff management.
  • Self-Employment
    Free lancers can work in agricultural firms, agriculture product shops and the agro-base industry.
  • Process Development Scientist
    Their aim is to optimize the performance of manufacturing systems. They are responsible for identifying and developing new processes for product manufacturing, as well as implementing process controls to make sure that the products are of a high quality and are manufactured in a reproducible manner.
  • Research and Development
    Research and development is the process of discovering new products and developing them all the way to the market. These two processes keep the agricultural biotechnology industry running by creating new products to sell.

How to Pursue a Career in Agricultural Biotechnology

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (Mathematics is recommended)Pursue B.Sc. (Agricultural Biotechnology) for 3 yearsPursue M. Sc. (Agricultural Biotechnology) for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D in Agricultural Biotechnology for 2-3 years/Job
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with PCB/PCM (Mathematics is recommended)Pursue B.Tech. (Biotechnology in agriculture) for 4 yearsPursue M. Tech for 2 yearsPursue Ph.D in Agricultural Biotechnology for 2-3 years/Job

Important Facts

  • Some colleges have Maths and English as mandatory subjects in Class XII.
  • Must have passed class 12th or senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English.
  • The minimum age limit is 17 years for B. Tech course.

Leading Institutes

Top Agricultural Biotechnology Institutes in India
College Location Website
Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology Jharkhand
University of Agricultural Sciences Bangalore
Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth Maharashtra
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth Maharashtra
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University Andhra Pradesh
Andhra University Andhra Pradesh
Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur Utter Pradesh
Rajendra Agricultural University Bihar
Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Chhattishgarh
Maharshi Dayanand University Haryana
Top Agricultural Biotechnology Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
University of Kentucky United States
Wahington State University United States
Zhejiang University China
Seoul National University South Korea
Szent Istvan University Hungary

Agricultural Biotechnology Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
ICAR-AIEEA May Physics, Chemistry, Maths
JNU CEEB May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology

Work Description

  • Use computer aided design (CAD) technology to design agricultural & horticultural machinery components and equipments
  • Design food-processing plants and supervise manufacturing operations
  • Test agricultural machinery and equipments to ensure their performance
  • Employ statistical methods and theories to solve practical problems in agricultural field
  • Collaborate with and work with agriculture and food scientists
  • Assess the environmental impact of intensive agricultural production methods
  • Provide consultancy & advise on water quality and issues related to managing pollution and protecting and using other water resources
  • Design and monitor environmental & land reclamation projects in agriculture and related arena

Pros & Cons of a Career in Agricultural Biotechnology

  • An individual in the field has numerous opportunities and prospects for obtaining a job since agricultural biotechnology is an up and coming field.
  • Professionals in the field get to work in laboratories which might an attractive work environment for some.
  • It can be a satisfactory career since the research and work of agricultural biotechnologists has the potential to improve the quality of food crops and solve global food problems.
  • There is the potential of exposure to dangerous and hazardous subtances on the job.
  • The salaries are average.
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