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Ethical Hacking


An ethical hacker is a computer and networking expert who systematically, legitimately and with company's permission, attempts to penetrate a computer system or network to find security vulnerabilities that a malicious hacker could potentially exploit. They use the same methods and techniques to test and bypass a system's defenses as their less-principled counterparts. They are employed by companies and businesses to penetrate their networks either to protect private and sensitive information or to test their network security.

Career Opportunities in Ethical Hacking

  • Government/ Private Firms
    With increasing cyber threats, government and private organizations are in search of Ethical Hackers who can help organizations protect themselves from threats or attacks in the cyber space. One can also work as a freelancer and work for multiple organizations.
  • Network Security Engineers
    A Network Security Engineer is responsible for implementation, maintenance, and integration of corporate WAN, LAN and server architecture. They also look after implementation and administration of network security hardware and software and enforcing the network security policy.
  • Network Security Administrator
    In addition to writing network security policies, the Security Administrator does frequent audits and ensures that security policies are up-to-date and are being followed. In addition, he/she takes corrective steps for breaches.
  • Security Consultant
    Security consultants assess existing IT systems and infrastructures for weaknesses and then develop and implement IT security solutions to prevent unauthorized access, data modification or data loss.
  • Penetration Tester
    Penetration testers try to break into or find possible exploits in different computer systems and software. They generally run a number of tests, based around network penetration.

How to Become an Ethical Hacker

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with IT/Computer Science/ SimilarPursue BSc in Computer Science/ BCA / Graduation in Any IT Related Discipline for 3-4 yearsPursue Certification Courses in Ethical Hacking (CEH, CCNA, SCNS, CPTE, CISSP)-
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Science Stream with IT/Computer Science/ SimilarPursue Certification Courses in Ethical Hacking (CEH, CCNA, SCNS, CPTE, CISSP)--

Important Facts

  • Understanding of operating systems like Firefox, Linux and Windows
  • Knowledge of programming languages like C, C++, Python, Ruby, etc.
  • No particular qualification is necessary except for the certification in Ethical Hacking
  • Graduation degree in Computer Science will be useful

Leading Institutes

Top Ethical Hacking Institutes in India
College Location Website
Indian School of Ethical Hacking (ISOEH) Kolkata
EC Council Multiple Locations
Ankit Fadia Certified Ethical Hacker Multiple Locations/ Online
Institute of Ethical Hacking and Forensics Odisha
Arizona Infotech Pune
Institute of Information Security Multiple Locations
Quest Institute of Knowledge (QUIK) Mumbai

Ethical Hacking Entrance Exams

Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
CEH Exam (EC Council) All round the year Programming Knowledge of Hacking (No Prescribed Syllabus)

Work Description

  • Understand the thinking pattern of a "criminal hacker" to work as an "ethical hacker"
  • Check for vulnerabilities within a computer system of different organisations
  • Formulate ways of protecting information of an organisation
  • Communicate with the clients and deliver written reports on the work done
  • Prepare documents for self on the work that has been done to keep a tab on the loopholes
  • Be transparent to the clients while going through their computer systems
  • Simulate breaches to network security of an organization and take steps to detect the potential areas of risk
  • Conduct advanced evaluations to identify vulnerabilities in computer systems
  • Have thorough knowledge on computers, tools, programming and networking
  • Remain up to-date with the latest research work and incorporate them in your system
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