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Robotics

Summary

Robotics is a branch of engineering which deals with the making of robots. Robots are programmed machines which are able to carry out tasks autonomously or semi- autonomously for the better working of the company. It involves designing, building and programming of phsycial robots, to troubleshoot the problems in various domains of operations and manufacturing. This is very useful in fields including transporation, manufacturing, production, medical, army, etc. It is an interdisciplinary branch of mechanical and electrical engineering.

Career Opportunities in Robotics

  • Space Research
    Robotics Engineer can work in space research organizations like ISRO, NASA, etc, which makes uses of robotic technology and Artificial Intelligence.
  • Medical
    Robots are majorly used in surgery and rehabilation sector of medicine. They also specialize in human treatment through therapeutic robotic devices.
  • Private Organizations
    Robotics engineers build, design and test robotic systems and software for private companies for the automization of the activities of a company.
  • Entertainment
    Robotics specialists are sought after in the gaming industry, making video games enthralling the audience with artificial intelligence embedded with robotics.
  • Investigation
    Robots are widely used in investigation agencies and police departments. They use artificial intelligence and robots to detect hazardous material like bombs and even defuse them.
  • Banking
    Robots are also used in banking sector for managing operations, stocks, etc.

How to Pursue a Career in Robotics

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science with Maths streamPursue B.Tech/B.E in Robotics/Mechatronics EngineeringPursue M.Tech in specialized branch of roboticsPh.D in the area of specialization.
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science with Maths streamPursue B.Tech /B.E in Electronics /Mechanical /Electrical /Computer Science and Engineering/ Instrumentation & Control Engineering/ Electrical and Electronics EngineeringPursue M.Tech in Robotics/Mechatronics/ or any other specialized fieldPh.D in the area of specialization.

Important Facts

  • Robotics engineering is rarely taught and sought in India , be it a NIT or IIT. Mechatronics is the most related and sort field for people interested in robotics.
  • You can also work in the field of robotics, with a associate degree(2 year) in robot technology or similar field, and work as an assistant to robotics engineer.
  • Most college have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII / and some of minimum 60%. Some colleges/universities also have an age limit.
  • Most colleges require JEE score as minimum eligibility for Undergraduation degree.

Leading Institutes

Top Robotics Institutes in India
College Location Website
Indian Institute of Technology Multiple Locations www.iitd.ac.in
Birla Institute of Technology Pilani, Mesra www.bits-pilani.ac.in
Vellore Institute of Technology Chennai www.vit.ac.in
National Institute of Technology Multiple Locations www.nitc.ac.in
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad Allahabad www.iiita.ac.in/academics/programmes
International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad Hyderabad www.iiit.ac.in/academics/postgraduate
SRM University Chennai www.srmuniv.ac.in/engineering/department-of-mechatronics-engineering/about-the-department
Mahatma Gandhi Institute Of Technology Hyderabad www.mgit.ac.in/courses_offered.html
University of Petroleum and Energy Studies Dehradun www.upes.ac.in/btech-mechatronics-engineering
Manipal Institute of technology Manipal www.manipal.edu/mit/programs/program-list/btech/btech-mechatronics-engineering.html
Hindustan University Chennai www.hindustanuniv.ac.in/be_roboties_control.php
Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research Chennai www.bharathuniv.ac.in/colleges1/mtronics.php
Top Robotics Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts, US www.web.mit.edu
Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania www.ri.cmu.edu/education/academic-programs
University of Pennsylvania Pennsylvania www.seas.upenn.edu/prospective-students/graduate/programs/masters/robotics.php
University College London London www.ucl.ac.uk/prospective-students/graduate/taught/degrees/robotics-computation-msc
University of Colorado – Boulder Colorado, United States www.colorado.edu/mechanical/research/focus-areas/robotics-and-systems-design
University of Torronto Torronto, Canada www.irm.utoronto.ca

Important Entrance Exams

Undergraduate
College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry www.jeemain.nic.in
Joint Entrance Examination Advanced (JEE Advanced) May/June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry www.jeeadv.ac.in
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission (BITSAT) May Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, Logical Reasoning English www.bitsadmission.com/bitsatmain.aspx
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) April Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, English www.vit.ac.in
SRM University Engineering Exam (SRMJEEE) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology www.srmuniv.ac.in
Postgraduate
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) (Postgraduate) Jan-Feb All branches of engineering www.gate.iisc.ernet.in

Work Description

  • They perform engineering activities in planning and designing tools, engines, to create / programmed machines and robots.
  • Develop, co-ordinate, or monitor all aspects of production or operation of product designs.
  • They do extensive research in various mechanical and robotic technologies to update their robot with upcoming technology.
  • They modify computer controlled motion of robots and automated machines.
  • Develop, test and evaluate robot designs.
  • Install and test robots for defects after assembly.

Pros & Cons of a Career in Development Studies

Pros
  • Job security: Since this career has less entrants, the demand of robotic professionals is high. Innovation has no stop in the technology journey, making the job opportunities highly rewarding, and satisfying.
  • Prestige: They generally innovate and improve the existing process, working on various models, with like-minded educated people, creating a name in the world of technology. This makes the profession highly demanded and unique, where the work is attached with prestige.
  • Diverse: The application of this industry is spread across various areas being production, manufacturing, power maintenance, mining, nuclear power, medical, automobile industry and many more. This gives the added benefit to switch fields, and accelerate growth.
Cons
  • Geographical Restraint: Robotics job are specific and professional opportunities would not be in abudance in small cities.
  • Long work hours, high stress and patience : The job is very demanding. It requires physical, mental and emotional involvement and drains his/her energy.
  • Continuing Education: A master’s degree is required for better job opportunities in this field. Also, continuing upgradation of your knowledge and skills for the job, requires you to look for short term/long term certification to gain expertise.
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