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Electrical and Electronics Engineering


Electrical and Electronics Engineers design, maintain and develop electrical control systems and equipment. They work keeping in view economy and precision of their methodology to build reliable systems that find place across various domains including transportation, telecommunications, power generation, signal transmission and distribution and scientific research. Electrical Engineers concern themselves with developing circuits and generating, distributing and using electrical energy. Whereas, Electronics engineers are concerned about the behavior of these circuits and manipulating them to work automatically. The applications of electrical/ electronic engineering are quite diverse ranging from houses to commercial offices to industries. With the boom in the electronics sector in India, aspirants looking for a specialization in this branch of engineering are likely to have extremely good future prospects.

Career Opportunities in Electrical and Electronics Engineering

How to Pursue a Career in Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech in Electrical Engineering / Electrical and Electronics Engineering / Electronics and Communication Engineering for 4 yearsPursue M.Tech for 2-3 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech + M.Tech (Dual Degree)in Electrical Engineering for 5 years-Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years

Important Facts

  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII / and some of minimum 60%
  • Must have passed class 12thor senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English
  • Some exams require JEE score as minimum eligibility
  • Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit
  • Electronics Engineering as a separate programme is available in some colleges

Leading Institutes

Top Electrical and Electronics Engineering Institutes in India
College Location Website
Indian Institute of Technology Multiple locations
Birla Institute of Technology Pilani, Mesra
National Institute of Technology, Calicut Calicut
National Institute of Technology, Silchar Silchar
National Institute of Technology, Surathkal Surathkal
National Institute of Technology, Bhopal Bhopal
Vellore Institute of Technology Chennai
Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad Dhanbad
Sri Ramaswamy Memorial University (SRM) Multiple Locations
Pandit Deen Dayal Petroleum University Gandhinagar
St. Andrews Institute of Technology & Management Gurugram
International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad
PSG College of Technology Coimbatore
Maharashtra Institute of Technology Pune
Manipal University Manipal, Jaipur
Top Electrical and Electronics Engineering Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
University of Manchester Manchester, United Kingdom
University of Bristol City of Bristol, United Kingdom
University of Edinburgh Edinburgh, United Kingdom
University College London London, United Kingdom
Imperial College London London, United Kingdom
Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
Stanford University United States
Harvard University United States
National University of Singapore Singapore
California Institute of Technology United States
University of Michigan United States
University of Toronto Canada

Electrical and Electronics Engineering Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Joint Entrance Examination Advanced (JEE Advanced) May/June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
National Engineering Aptitude Test (NEAT/NAT) June Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry,
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission (BITSAT) May Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, Logical Reasoning English
Education Promotion Society of India National Admission Test (ENAT) April/May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) April Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, English
University of Delhi Combined Entrance Exam (DU-CET) June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Consortium Medical, Engineering & Dental Colleges of Karnataka (COMEDK) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Admission Test for ICFAI Science & Technology (ATIT) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English
Indian Institute of Space & Technology Admission Test (ISAT) June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Combined Written Admission Test (CWAT) May/June Botany Zoology Physics, Chemistry,
SRM University Engineering Exam (SRMUEE) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology
Manipal University Online Entrance Exam (MU-OEE) March/April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology
Indraprastha University Common EntranceTest (IPUCET) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Graduate Aptitute Test in Engineering (GATE) (Postgraduate) Jan/Feb All Branches of engineering

Work Description

  • Design new products, write down requirements for their enhanced performance, as well as develop maintenance schedules and charts.
  • Test equipment and machinery, solve operational problems, estimate time and cost of electrical and electronic products.
  • Supervise the production of electrical and electronic equipments and machinery such as broadcast and telecommunication systems, electric motors, controls of machinery, lights and wiring in building complexes, vehicles, aircraft, radar and navigation systems.
  • Utilize ferroelectric, nonlinear, photo-conductive, and thermoelectric properties of materials.
  • Develop new applications of conductance of metallic & non-metallic materials to be used in components.
  • Estimate material, construction, and labour costs, and project timescales
  • Evaluate electrical systems, products, components, and applications by designing and conducting research programmes.

Pros & Cons of a Career in Electrical and Electronics Engineering

  • Opens up a wide number of opportunities in sectors like telecommunication, power, railways, aerospace, IT and artificial intelligence. Hence the scope of it remains wide.
  • Greater flexibility in switching from one industry to another as the application of Electrical and Electronics remains prevalent in multiple industries.
  • Ample number of opportunities in both public and private sector.
  • Risk associated with the hazardous profile of the job.
  • Never-ending process of learning/certifications as the engineer needs to be updated on newer process like signal processing and biomedical research.
  • Monetary Packages are expected to grow with substantial experience.
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