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CS, IT and Software Engineering


Software Engineering is concerned with developing techniques for improving the cost, accuracy and usability of software systems.
Computer science engineering is concerned with designing elements that help computers to operate efficiently. They may develop computer chips, create software programme that helps computer systems run or design software applications.
Information Technology (IT) is an engineering discipline with focus on utilization of computers and telecommunication systems to control, gather, store and circulate information.

Career Opportunities in CS, IT and Software Engineering

  • Software Developers
    Software developers are concerned with facets of the software development process such as design and coding, computer programming and project management.
  • Hardware Engineers
    Hardware Engineers research, design, develop, test, and oversee the installation of computer hardware which includes computer chips, circuit boards, systems, modems, keyboards, and printers.
  • System Designer
    System Designers are involved in system designing, logical & physical designing, including structure & characteristics such as output, input, files, database & procedures, etc.
  • System Analyst
    System Analysts research about the existing problems in systems and plan solutions for the problem. They also recommend solutions to software and system related problems and coordinate development between business development teams.

How to Pursue a Career in CS, IT and Software Engineering

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech in Computer Science Engineering / Software Engineering / IT Engineering for 4 yearsPursue M.Tech for 2-3 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech + M.Tech (Dual Degree) for 5 years-Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years

Important Facts

  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII / and some of minimum 60%.
  • Must have passed class 12thor senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English.
  • Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit.

Leading Institutes

Top CS, IT and Software Engineering Institutes in India
College Location Website
Indian Institute of Technology Multiple Locations
Birla Institute of Technology Pilani, Mesra
National Institute of Technology, Culicut Calicut
National Institute of Technology, Silchar Silchar
National Institute of Technology, Surathkal Surathkal
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal Bhopal
Vellore Institute of Technology Chennai
Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad Dhanbad
Sri Ramaswamy Memorial University (SRM) Multiple Locations
Delhi Technological University New Delhi
College of Engineering Pune
International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad
Veermata Jijabai Institute of Technology Mumbai
Maharashtra Institute of Technology Pune
Punjab Engineering College Chandigarh
Motilal Nehru Institute of Technology Allahabad
Anna University Chennai
Madras Institute of Technology Chennai
PSG College of Technology Coimbatore
International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad
Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology Gandhinagar
Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology New Delhi
Top CS, IT and Software Engineering Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
Stanford University United States
University of Oxford United Kingdom
Carnegie Mellon University United States
Harvard University United States
University of California Berkeley United States
University of Cambridge United Kingdom
The Hong Kong University of Science & Technology China
Princeton University United States
National University of Singapore Singapore
The University of Melbourne Australia
University of Edinburgh United Kingdom
University of Toronto Canada

CS, IT and Software Engineering Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Joint Entrance Examination Advanced (JEE Advanced) May/June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
National Engineering Aptitute Test (NEAT/NAT) June Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry,
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission (BITSAT) May Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, Logical Reasoning English
Education Promotion Society of India National Admission Test (ENAT) April/May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) April Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, English
University of Delhi Combined Entrance Exam (DU-CET) June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Consortium Medical, Engineering & Dental Colleges of Karnataka (COMEDK) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Admission Test for ICFAI Science & Technology (ATIT) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English
Indian Institute of Space & Technology Admission Test (ISAT) June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Combined Written Admission Test (CWAT) May/June Botany Zoology Physics, Chemistry,
SRM University Engineering Exam (SRMUEE) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology
Manipal University Online Entrance Exam (MU-OEE) March/April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology
Indraprastha University Common EntranceTest (IPUCET) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) (Postgraduate) Jan/Feb All Branches of engineering

Work Description

  • Design, build, test, and implement hardware and software applications for computer networks.
  • Work in research, design, development, testing, and supervision of all aspects of the manufacturing and installing of computer hardware
  • Advise clients on the right hardware and software for their needs
  • Provide guidelines regarding system capabilities, user interface, security measures, and other applicable information
  • Evaluate current systems for effectiveness, make recommendations regarding the scalability of such systems, and troubleshoot any problems that arise during the use of the system.
  • Review company's security requirements, its use of online applications, and recommend the security measures.
  • Retrieve data for analysis of system capabilities.

Pros & Cons of a Career in CS, IT and Software Engineering

  • Software/Computer Engineers earn decently well
  • The work environment and infrastructure is high quality
  • Always in high demand
  • It can be stressful at times, since work load is more
  • Always have stay updated on new technologies and systems
  • Can result in illnesses realted to eyesight or posture due to sitting for long hours
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