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Civil Engineering


Civil Engineers plan, design, construct and manage construction projects. The projects span from various domains including transportation, water supply and waste management, estate planning and even taking up offshore projects. Civil Engineers assume two roles, that of a consultant and a contractor. A consultant works with the client to plan, design and manage the projects. A contractor supervises the construction and manages the project on ground level to turn plans into realities.

Career Opportunities in Civil Engineering

  • Structural engineering
    Civil Engineers in this field create structural elements of design for bridges, skyscrapers, ports and airports etc. They also design and assess major projects, such as buildings, bridges, or dams, to ensure their strength and durability.
  • Geotechnical engineering
    Civil Engineers in this field work exclusively with rock and soil that support the structures and make sure that the foundations are solid. They focus on how structures built by civil engineers, such as buildings and tunnels, interact with the earth (including soil and rock). In addition, they design and plan for slopes, retaining walls, and tunnels.
  • Environmental engineering
    Civil Engineers in this field design systems and structures for treatment of chemical, biological and thermal wastes.
  • Materials engineering
    Civil Engineers in this field deal with the inspection of existing and development of new materials which can be used for construction projects.
  • Maintenance
    Civil Engineers in this field ensure that the structures built, are looked after properly and all the necessary repairs and renovations take place.
  • Water resource engineering
    Civil Engineers in this field focus on collection, storage and management of water.
  • Earthquake engineering
    Civil Engineers specializing in this field create buildings and other structures that can withstand the stresses of earthquakes without falling.
  • Coastal engineering
    Civil Engineers specializing in this field manage the coastal areas, including marshlands. They create defenses against flooding and erosion.

How to Pursue a Career in Civil Engineering

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech in Civil Engineering for 4 yearsPursue M.Tech for 2-3 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech + M.Tech (Dual Degree)in Civil Engineering for 5 years-Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years

Important Facts

  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII and some of minimum 60%.
  • Must have passed class 12thor senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English.
  • Some exams require JEE score as minimum eligibility
  • Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit.

Leading Institutes

Top Civil Engineering Institutes in India
College Location Website
Indian Institute of Technology Multiple Locations
Birla Institute of Technology Pilani, Mesra
National Institute of Technology, Calicut Calicut
National Institute of Technology, Silchar Silchar
National Institute of Technology, Surathkal Surathkal
National Institute of Technology, Bhopal Bhopal
Vellore Institute of Technology Chennai
Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad Dhanbad
Sri Ramaswamy Memorial University (SRM) Multiple Locations
Pandit Deen Dayal Petroleum University Gandhinagar
St. Andrews Institute of Technology & Management Gurugram
PSG College of Technology Coimbatore
Maharashtra Institute of Technology Pune
Manipal University Manipal, Jaipur
Anna University Chennai
Madras Institute of Technology Chennai
Motilal Nehru Institute of Technology Uttar Pradesh
PEC University of Technology Punjab
Top Civil Engineering Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
University of Manchester Manchester, United Kingdom
The University of New South Wales Australia
University of California, Berkeley United States
University College London London, United Kingdom
Imperial College London London, United Kingdom
Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States
Delft University of Technology Netherlanads
Harvard University United States
National University of Singapore Singapore
Caltech United States
University of Michigan United States
University of Toronto Canada
Purdue University United States

Civil Engineering Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Joint Entrance Examination Advanced (JEE Advanced) May/June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
National Engineering Aptitute Test (NEAT/NAT) June Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry,
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission (BITSAT) May Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, Logical Reasoning English
Education Promotion Society of India National Admission Test (ENAT) April/May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) April Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, English
University of Delhi Combined Entrance Exam (DU-CET) June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Consortium Medical, Engineering & Dental Colleges of Karnataka (COMEDK) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Admission Test for ICFAI Science & Technology (ATIT) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English
SRM University Engineering Exam (SRMUEE) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology
Manipal University Online Entrance Exam (MU-OEE) March/April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology
Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPUCET) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) (Postgraduate) Jan/Feb All Branches of engineering

Work Description

  • Create graphical representations of civil structures
  • Inspect project sites to monitor progress and ensure compliance with design specifications and safety standards
  • Provide technical advice to industrial or managerial personnel regarding design, construction, or structural repairs
  • Estimate quantities and cost of materials, equipment, or labour cost to determine project feasibility
  • Test building materials, such as concrete, asphalt, or steel, for use in particular projects
  • Consider construction costs, government regulations, potential environmental hazards and other factors in planning stages and carry out risk analysis
  • Compile and submit permit applications to local, state, and federal agencies verifying that projects comply with various regulations
  • Present findings to public on topics such as bid proposals or environmental impact reports

Pros & Cons of a Career in Civil Engineering

  • The demand for civil engineers always remains high, so does the pay package.
  • They are major figures involved in the development of community.
  • Opportunity to travel to different locations and work on different sites.
  • It is a high-pressure job.
  • There are no fixed work hours, and they spend much time on construction sites and remote locations.
  • Scrutiny of quality of work and material from third parties.
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