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Civil Engineering

Summary

Civil Engineers plan, design, construct and manage construction projects. The projects span from various domains including transportation, water supply and waste management, estate planning and even taking up offshore projects. Civil Engineers assume two roles, that of a consultant and a contractor. A consultant works with the client to plan, design and manage the projects. A contractor supervises the construction and manages the project on ground level to turn plans into realities.

Career Opportunities in Civil Engineering

  • Structural engineering
    Civil Engineers in this field create structural elements of design for bridges, skyscrapers, ports and airports etc. They also design and assess major projects, such as buildings, bridges, or dams, to ensure their strength and durability.
  • Geotechnical engineering
    Civil Engineers in this field work exclusively with rock and soil that support the structures and make sure that the foundations are solid. They focus on how structures built by civil engineers, such as buildings and tunnels, interact with the earth (including soil and rock). In addition, they design and plan for slopes, retaining walls, and tunnels.
  • Environmental engineering
    Civil Engineers in this field design systems and structures for treatment of chemical, biological and thermal wastes.
  • Materials engineering
    Civil Engineers in this field deal with the inspection of existing and development of new materials which can be used for construction projects.
  • Maintenance
    Civil Engineers in this field ensure that the structures built, are looked after properly and all the necessary repairs and renovations take place.
  • Water resource engineering
    Civil Engineers in this field focus on collection, storage and management of water.
  • Earthquake engineering
    Civil Engineers specializing in this field create buildings and other structures that can withstand the stresses of earthquakes without falling.
  • Coastal engineering
    Civil Engineers specializing in this field manage the coastal areas, including marshlands. They create defenses against flooding and erosion.

How to Pursue a Career in Civil Engineering

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech in Civil Engineering for 4 yearsPursue M.Tech for 2-3 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech + M.Tech (Dual Degree)in Civil Engineering for 5 years-Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years

Important Facts

  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII and some of minimum 60%.
  • Must have passed class 12thor senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English.
  • Some exams require JEE score as minimum eligibility
  • Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit.

Leading Institutes

Top Civil Engineering Institutes in India
College Location Website
Indian Institute of Technology Multiple Locations www.iitd.ac.in
Birla Institute of Technology Pilani, Mesra www.bits-pilani.ac.in
National Institute of Technology, Calicut Calicut www.nitc.ac.in
National Institute of Technology, Silchar Silchar www.nits.ac.in
National Institute of Technology, Surathkal Surathkal www.nitk.ac.in
National Institute of Technology, Bhopal Bhopal www.manit.ac.in
Vellore Institute of Technology Chennai www.vit.ac.in
Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad Dhanbad www.ismdhanbad.ac.in
Sri Ramaswamy Memorial University (SRM) Multiple Locations www.srmuniv.ac.in
Pandit Deen Dayal Petroleum University Gandhinagar www.pdpu.ac.in
St. Andrews Institute of Technology & Management Gurugram www.saitmgurgaon.com
PSG College of Technology Coimbatore www.psgtech.edu
Maharashtra Institute of Technology Pune www.mitpune.com
Manipal University Manipal, Jaipur www.manipal.edu
Anna University Chennai www.annauniv.edu
Madras Institute of Technology Chennai www.mitindia.edu
Motilal Nehru Institute of Technology Uttar Pradesh www.mnnit.ac.in
PEC University of Technology Punjab www.pec.ac.in
Top Civil Engineering Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
University of Manchester Manchester, United Kingdom www.manchester.ac.uk
The University of New South Wales Australia www.unsw.edu.au
University of California, Berkeley United States www.berkeley.edu
University College London London, United Kingdom www.ucl.ac.uk
Imperial College London London, United Kingdom www.imperial.ac.uk
Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States www.web.mit.edu
Delft University of Technology Netherlanads www.tudelft.nl/en
Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu
National University of Singapore Singapore www.nus.edu.sg
Caltech United States www.caltech.edu
University of Michigan United States www.umich.edu
University of Toronto Canada www.utoronto.ca
Purdue University United States www.purdue.edu

Civil Engineering Entrance Exams

Undergraduate
College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.jeemain.nic.in
Joint Entrance Examination Advanced (JEE Advanced) May/June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.jeeadv.ac.in
National Engineering Aptitute Test (NEAT/NAT) June Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, www.srde.org
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission (BITSAT) May Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, Logical Reasoning English www.bitsadmission.com/bitsatmain.aspx
Education Promotion Society of India National Admission Test (ENAT) April/May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English www.epsfi.org
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) April Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, English www.vit.ac.in
University of Delhi Combined Entrance Exam (DU-CET) June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.dtu.ac.in
Consortium Medical, Engineering & Dental Colleges of Karnataka (COMEDK) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.comedk.org
Admission Test for ICFAI Science & Technology (ATIT) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English www.icfaiuniversity.in/atit/btech_program.html
SRM University Engineering Exam (SRMUEE) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology www.srmuniv.ac.in
Manipal University Online Entrance Exam (MU-OEE) March/April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology www.manipal.edu
Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPUCET) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.ipu.ac.in
Postgraduate
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) (Postgraduate) Jan/Feb All Branches of engineering www.gate.iisc.ernet.in

Work Description

  • Create graphical representations of civil structures
  • Inspect project sites to monitor progress and ensure compliance with design specifications and safety standards
  • Provide technical advice to industrial or managerial personnel regarding design, construction, or structural repairs
  • Estimate quantities and cost of materials, equipment, or labour cost to determine project feasibility
  • Test building materials, such as concrete, asphalt, or steel, for use in particular projects
  • Consider construction costs, government regulations, potential environmental hazards and other factors in planning stages and carry out risk analysis
  • Compile and submit permit applications to local, state, and federal agencies verifying that projects comply with various regulations
  • Present findings to public on topics such as bid proposals or environmental impact reports

Pros & Cons of a Career in Civil Engineering

Pros
  • The demand for civil engineers always remains high, so does the pay package.
  • They are major figures involved in the development of community.
  • Opportunity to travel to different locations and work on different sites.
Cons
  • It is a high-pressure job.
  • There are no fixed work hours, and they spend much time on construction sites and remote locations.
  • Scrutiny of quality of work and material from third parties.
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