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Chemical and Petroleum Engineering

Summary

Chemical Engineers design and develop processes that transform the physical and chemical state of a substance, suiting commercial applicability. It ranges from improving food processing to fertilizers to even the clothes we wear. Modern day chemical engineers also work on pioneering concepts like nanotechnology. A specialization in chemical engineering, petroleum engineering, deals with optimizing extraction of oil and gas from the surface of earth. Petroleum engineers implement methods that maximize the extraction of hydrocarbons efficiently with least environmental repercussions.

Career Opportunities in Chemical and Petroleum Engineering

  • Drilling engineers
    Drilling engineers determine the best way to drill an oil or gas well, taking into account a number of factors, including cost. They also ensure that the drilling process is safe, efficient, and minimally disruptive to the environment.
  • Production engineers
    Production engineers take over after a well is drilled. They typically monitor the well's oil and gas production. If a well is not producing as much as it was expected to, production engineers figure out ways to increase the amount being extracted.
  • Completions engineers
    Completion engineers decides the optimal way to finish building a well so that the oil or gas will flow up from underground. They oversee well-completions work, which might involve the use of tubing, hydraulic fracturing, or pressure-control techniques.
  • Reservoir engineers
    Reservoir engineers estimate how much oil or gas can be recovered from underground deposits, known as reservoirs. They study a reservoir's characteristic and determine which methods will get the most oil or gas out of the reservoir. They also monitor operations to ensure that the optimal levels of these resources are being recovered.
  • Manufacturing Goods
    Chemical Engineers help in manufacturing consumer goods like plastics, clothing, paper, toothpaste etc. They develop new products and aim to improve their existing quality. They even find work in pharmaceutical manufacturing divisions.

How to Pursue a Career in Chemical and Petroleum Engineering

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech in Chemical Engg./ Petroleum Engg. for 4 yearsPursue M.Tech for 2-3 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech + M.Tech (Dual Degree)in Chemical Engineering for 5 years-Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years

Important Facts

  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII / and some of minimum 60%.
  • Must have passed class 12thor senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English.
  • Some exams require JEE score as minimum eligibility.
  • Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit.

Leading Institutes

Top Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Institutes in India
College Location Website
Indian Institute of Technology Multiple Locations www.iitkgp.ac.in/petroleum-engineering
Birla Institute of Technology Pilani, Mesra www.bits-pilani.ac.in
National Institute of Technology, Calicut Calicut www.nitc.ac.in
National Institute of Technology, Silchar Silchar www.nits.ac.in
National Institute of Technology, Surathkal Surathkal www.nitk.ac.in
National Institute of Technology, Bhopal Bhopal www.manit.ac.in
Vellore Institute of Technology Chennai www.vit.ac.in
Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad Dhanbad www.ismdhanbad.ac.in
Sri Ramaswamy Memorial University (SRM) Multiple Locations www.srmuniv.ac.in
Pandit Deen Dayal Petroleum University Gandhinagar www.pdpu.ac.in
St. Andrews Institute of Technology & Management Gurugram www.saitmgurgaon.com
International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad www.iiit.ac.in
PSG College of Technology Coimbatore www.psgtech.edu
Maharashtra Institute of Technology Pune www.mitpune.com
Anna University Chennai www.annauniv.edu
Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology Uttar Pradesh www.rgipt.ac.in
Madras Institute of Technology Chennai www.mitindia.edu
Motilal Nehru Institute of Technology Uttar Pradesh www.mnnit.ac.in
PEC University of Technology Punjab www.pec.ac.in
University of Petroleum & Energy Studies Uttarakhand www.upes.ac.in
Top Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
University of Manchester Manchester, United Kingdom www.manchester.ac.uk
The University of New South Wales Australia www.unsw.edu.au
University of California, Berkeley United States www.berkeley.edu
University College London London, United Kingdom www.ucl.ac.uk
Imperial College London London, United Kingdom www.imperial.ac.uk
Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States www.web.mit.edu
Delft University of Technology Netherlanads www.tudelft.nl/en
Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu
National University of Singapore Singapore www.nus.edu.sg
Carlifornia Institute of Technology United States www.caltech.edu
University of Michigan United States www.umich.edu
University of Toronto Canada www.utoronto.ca
Purdue University United States www.purdue.edu

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Entrance Exams

Undergraduate
College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.jeemain.nic.in
Joint Entrance Examination Advanced (JEE Advanced) May/June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.jeeadv.ac.in
National Engineering Aptitute Test (NEAT/NAT) June Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, www.srde.org
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission (BITSAT) May Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, Logical Reasoning English www.bitsadmission.com/bitsatmain.aspx
Education Promotion Society of India National Admission Test (ENAT) April/May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English www.epsfi.org
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) April Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, English www.vit.ac.in
University of Delhi Combined Entrance Exam (DU-CET) June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.dtu.ac.in
Consortium Medical, Engineering & Dental Colleges of Karnataka (COMEDK) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.comedk.org
Admission Test for ICFAI Science & Technology (ATIT) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English www.icfaiuniversity.in/atit/btech_program.html
Indian Institute of Space & Technology Admission Test (ISAT) June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.iist.ac.in/admissions/undergraduate
Combined Written Admission Test (CWAT) May/June Botany Zoology Physics, Chemistry, www.acds.co.in
SRM University Engineering Exam (SRMUEE) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology www.srmuniv.ac.in
Manipal University Online Entrance Exam (MU-OEE) March/April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology www.manipal.edu
Indraprastha University Common EntranceTest (IPUCET) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, www.ipu.ac.in
Postgraduate
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Graduate Aptitute Test in Engineering (GATE) (Postgraduate) Jan/Feb All Branches of engineering www.gate.iisc.ernet.in

Work Description

  • Evaluate chemical equipments and processes to identify ways to optimize performance or to ensure compliance with safety and environmental regulations.
  • Conduct research to develop new and improved chemical manufacturing processes.
  • Determine most effective arrangement of operations such as mixing, crushing, heat transfer, distillation, and drying.
  • Perform tests and monitor processes in various stages of production.
  • Develop processes to separate components of liquids or gases or generate electrical currents using controlled chemical processes.
  • Perform laboratory studies of various steps in manufacture of new product and test proposed process in small scale operation such as a pilot plant.
  • Work closely with chemists and control engineers to ensure that the process plant is set-up to provide maximum output levels to ensure efficient running of the production facility.

Pros & Cons of a Career in Chemical and Petroleum Engineering

Pros
  • The career is highly rewarding in terms of monetary benefits.
  • Chemical engineers can work in a variety of settings- manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, research, product testing etc.
  • Petroleum engineers are high in demand and are expected to stay so in the future.
Cons
  • Much of the time may be spent in lab, for chemical engineers.
  • Petroleum engineers may find office hours unstructured, work may find them in remote locations.
  • Working conditions may be hazardous sometimes, in both the branches.
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