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Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering


Biomedical/Biotech Engineers research, design and develop medical products and apply the principles of engineering and material technology to healthcare. They design and implement new technologies like computer facilitated operations and tissue engineering. They work closely with physicians, surgeons, life science experts and chemists to develop engineering facets of biological systems.

Career Opportunities in Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering

  • Corporate Firms/ Pharmaceutical companies
    Biotechnologists & Biomedical Engineers create products that require an in-depth understanding of living systems and technology. They work in research and development or in quality assurance.
  • Research
    Biotechnologists & Biomedical Engineers work with medical scientists, doctors and chemists to conduct research to solve clinical problems.
  • Hospitals
    Biotechnologists & Biomedical Engineers design softwares to run medical equipment, or simulations to test drug therapies. Design and build artificial body parts or replacement body parts.

How to Pursue a Career in Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech in Biomedical Engineering/ Biotechnology for 4 yearsPursue M.Tech for 2-3 yearsPursue Ph.D for 2-3 years
Path 2
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with MathsPursue B.Tech + M.Tech (Dual Degree)in Biomedical Engineering/ Biotechnology for 5 years-Pursue Ph.D for 2-3 years

Important Facts

  • Most colleges have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII / and some of minimum 60%.
  • Must have passed class 12thor senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English.
  • Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit.
  • Biomedical Engineering is available as a course only in select colleges and it is different from Biomedical Science.

Leading Institutes

Top Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering Institutes in India
College Location Website
Indian Institute of Technology Multiple Locations
Birla Institute of Technology Pilani, Mesra
National Institute of Technology, Culicut Calicut
National Institute of Technology, Silchar Silchar
National Institute of Technology, Surathkal Surathkal
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal Bhopal
Vellore Institute of Technology Chennai
Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad Dhanbad
The ICFAI University Dehradun
Government Engineering College Gujarat
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University New Delhi
Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology New Delhi
Manipal University Manipal, Jaipur
PSG College of Technology Coimbatore
Anna University Chennai
Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology Kerela
Netaji Subhash Engineering College Kolkatta
SRM University Chennai
Banaras Hindu University Varanasi
Top Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
University of Cambridge United Kingdom
University of Oxford United States
Masachusetts Institute of Technology United States
California Institute of Technology United States
University of California, Berkeley United States
Naational University of Singpore Singapore
Yale University United States
University of California, Los Angeles United States
Cornell University United States
Imperial College United Kingdom
John Hopkins University United States
University College London United Kingdom
King's College London United Kingdom
University of Glasgow United Kingdom
University of Kent United Kingdom

Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Joint Entrance Examination Advanced (JEE Advanced) May/June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
National Engineering Aptitute Test (NEAT/NAT) June Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry,
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission (BITSAT) May Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, Logical Reasoning English
Education Promotion Society of India National Admission Test (ENAT) April/May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) April Mathematics/Biology Physics, Chemistry, English
University of Delhi Combined Entrance Exam (DU-CET) June Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Consortium Medical, Engineering & Dental Colleges of Karnataka (COMEDK) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Admission Test for ICFAI Science & Technology (ATIT) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, English
Combined Written Admission Test (CWAT) May/June Botany Zoology Physics, Chemistry,
SRM University Engineering Exam (SRMUEE) April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology
Manipal University Online Entrance Exam (MU-OEE) March/April Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology
Indraprastha University Common EntranceTest (IPUCET) May Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry,
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) (Postgraduate) Jan/Feb All Branches of engineering

Work Description

  • Conduct research, along with life scientists, chemists, and medical scientists, on the engineering aspects of the biological systems of the humans and animals.
  • Design and develop medical diagnostic and clinical instrumentation, equipments, and procedures, using the principles of engineering and bio-behavioral sciences.
  • Develop models or computer simulations of human bio-behavioural systems to obtain data for measuring or controlling life processes.
  • Write documents describing protocols, policies, standards for use, maintenance and repair of medical equipments.
  • Advise hospital administrators on the planning, acquisition and use of medical equipments.
  • Conduct training to educate clinicians and other personnel on proper use of equipments.
  • Develop new applications for energy sources, such as using nuclear power for biomedical implants.

Pros & Cons of a Career in Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering

  • Opportunity to pursue new research in new fields like bioinformatics
  • Chance to improve existing technologies
  • Practical field, where application oriented minds can work
  • Limited number of jobs as of now
  • Limited seats and colleges offering the course
  • May not be highly rewarding in terms of money
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