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Indian Navy


The Indian Navy is the 7th most powerful navy of the world. It has over 300,000 tons of seafaring vessels. The role of the Indian Navy is very vast, ranging from providing assistance at times of natural disasters to fighting in the war in order to safeguard the country and destroy the enemies. Broadly the role of Indian navy is categorized into four categories: the Military role, the Diplomatic role, Constabulary role, and the Benign Role. They are responsible for deterrence against war as well as foreign interventions, maintaining the country's territorial integrity, safeguarding the shores, surveillance.

Career Opportunities in the Indian Navy

  • Executive
    These include General Service Officer, Hydrographic Officer, Naval Armament Inspection Officer, Provost Officer, Pilot Officer, Observer Officer, Submarine Officer, Diver Officer, Law Officer, Logistic Officer, and Information Technology branch. This division of Indian Navy is responsible for working as well as fighting the ship, using it during wartime, prepare nautical charts for providing directions as well as planning attacks, be a part of naval onboard operations. Providing training for war in an effective manner, doing an underwater inspection of the ships to check for defects or repairs, legal needs, keep a track of what all is needed, development and maintenance of IT infrastructure in applications also come under the work designated to this branch of the Indian Navy.
  • Engineering
    This branch of Indian Navy opens gates for students interested in Engineering, General Services, Submarine Engineering, Naval Construction. They work with the submarines and are responsible for ensuring that they are in proper working state and are serviceable. They are also involved in the designing, construction, quality control, as well as repair of the naval vessels. Thus, this division deals majorly with ensuring that we have serviceable naval vessels in our dockyards which can defend the country as and when needed as well as are engrossed in ship building and making constant improvements in their design as well as performance and making them more efficient.
  • Education
    If a person is interested in training the youngsters of the nation and make them good Officers and Navy personnels, this is the division that helps in realizing this dream. By being a part of this division of Indian Navy, the person will be holding the responsibility of training the future Officers and sailors for the naval defense of the nation. They specialize in different fields and then train the students in their area of specialization.
  • Electrical
    Warships are just like mini cities which needs everything like people living on land require be that food, water, and even electricity. So this division of Indian Navy takes care of the electrical requirements of the warships. Underwater weapons, radar and radio communication, missile systems are also controlled by them along with computer controlled machinery. They are the ones who make sure that all these systems are performing at the peak level.
  • Medical
    As a part of this division of Indian Navy, the professionals are responsible for taking care of the health of the servicemen and their families along with learning and practicing military medicines.

How to Pursue a Career in the Indian Navy

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
path 1
Clear Class 10+2 (PCM) or XII in Science Stream (Mathematics and Physics) Pass UPSC and clear NDA--
path 2
Clear Class XII in Science Stream (Mathematics and Physics) Pass Indian Navy (sailor direct entry). (MER exam)55% or above in maths & science in class 10th and 55% or above in class 12th in maths & science. Preference given to student who have computer knowledge --
path 3
Clear Class XII in Science Stream (Mathematics and Physics) Graduation in Any Discipline (Open to pre-final year students if they have the required Certificate) Pass the CDS UPSC Eligible to join through NCC Special Scheme Entry provided you have "C" Certificate-
path 4
Clear Class XII in Science Stream (Mathematics and Physics) Pursue Diploma with 50% marks in Mechanical / Electrical / Electronics / Telecommunications / Aeronautical or Ship Building / Instrumentation Engineering / Metallurgical / PolytechnicIndian Navy Direct Enrty Artificer Apprentice Exam, -
path 5
Clear Class XII in Science Stream (Mathematics and Physics) Engineering Degree with 55% in Mechanical(Electronics and Telecommunication /Control Engineering equivalent qualification recognized by Institute of Engineers (India)Indian Naval technical Exam for applying in Engineering, Electrical and Submarine branch) And SNAES-
path 6
Clear Class XII in Science Stream (Mathematics and Physics) Education Branch – 21- 25 yrs- Master’s degree with 55 % marks in Physics (with Maths in B.Sc) or Maths (with Physics in B.Sc).( (Women candidates having Chemistry with Physics as subsidiary at Degree levels are also eligible.)
  • Law- 22-27 yrs- Pursue Graduation in L.L.B
  • Logistics Cadre – 19- 25 yrs
  • Class BE/ B.Tech in Civil/ Architecture or
  • Graduation in any subject including BCA with Degree/Diploma in Material/Financial Management or
Chartered Accountancy
Apply for Indian Navy Law & Logistics Cadre exam to get enrolled as an Executive & JAG in Indian Navy. -

Important Facts

  • One can appear for CDS while in final year of graduation as well. Most of these exams are conducted twice a year. Not all these exams are open for females.
  • For NDA age range is 16.5 years to 19.5 years. NDA is open only to male, unmarried candidates. One needs to be a citizen of India or Nepal/Bhutan/Tibet refugee to apply. The Age range for entrances after graduation is 20-26 years. Minimum 60% aggregate in graduation is needed. Apart from educational criteria, physical as well as medical standards as set by Indian Navy should also be met to be eligible

Leading Institutes

Top Indian Navy Training Institutes
College Location Website
INS Agrani (Leadership Training) Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
INS Chilka (Sailors Training) Bhuvaneshwar, Orissa
INS Dronacharya (Gunnery School) Kochi, Kerala
INS Garuda (Aviation) Kochi, Kerala
INS Hamla (Logistics Training) Malad, Mumbai
Institute of Naval Medicine Colaba, Mumbai
INS Kunjali (Music Training School) Colaba, Mumbai
INS Mandovi (Provost and Physical Training School) Verem, Goa
INS Satavahana (Submarine Training School) Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
Naval Institute of Educational and Training Technology Kochi, Kerala
National Institute of Hydrographyq Vasco-da-Gama, Goa
INS Shivaji (Engineering Training) Lonavala, Maharashtra
INS Vishwakarma (Shipwright School) Vishakhapatnam
INS Valsura (Electrical Training) Jamnagar, Gujarat
INS Venduruthy (Seaman Training) Kochi, Kerala
Inter Services-NDA Khadakvasla, Pune
Inter Services-DSSC Near Udhagamandalam (Ooty), Tamil Nadu
Inter Services-NDC New Delhi
Naval Academy Ezhimala,Kannur, Kerala

Indian Navy Entrance Exams

College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
  • June – July (Forms) Sep (Exam) Jan- Feb (Forms) April (Exam)
Written test by UPSC SSB for Personality & Intelligence test Written 
  • Maths, General abilitiy  (English/GK)
  • Gk - will include subjects like Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and  Current Events.
  • For all the mentioned subjects in the paper, the syllabus will be from 10+2 level.
Interview Medical Examination
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Indian Navy direct entry exam (MER exam) (Sailor) April/ May and December Recruitment held directly by Navy Written : Objective (1hr)
  • Section I: English
  • Section II: Science
  • Section III: Maths
  • Section IV: GK.
Physical fitness test
  • One Mile (1.6 km) run to be completed in 7 minutes.
  • 20 sit ups.
  • 10 push ups.
  • Medical Examination
Indian navy Law and Logistics cadre exam March April & September or October (Forms)
  • Selection based on Merit cutoffs
  • SSC Interview.
  • For Permanent  Commission  No written test
Indian Navy direct entry Artificer Exam May June & Dec (Forms) August- March (Exam) Written – Maths, English, GK along with Electronics & Electrical and Mechanical section of which candidate has to ateempt one   Physical Fitness Test (PFT)    Medical Examination
Indian Navy SSC Techinical Exam June - Dec (Forms) Written exam SSB GD- Personal Interview Medical test
University Entry Scheme August to September (Forms) Campus Interview, Interview Medical test
Special Naval Architect Entry Scheme Campus Interview, Interview Medical test

Work Description

  • Act as deterrence against war or intervention
  • Work towards security of India's territorial integrity, citizens and off-shore assets from sea-borne threat
  • Conduct mock drills, carry out anti-piracy operations and monitor international trade through water ways
  • Influence security activities on land in coordination with concerned authorities/li>
  • Protect India's marine and maritime trade
  • Reinforce defense relations with friendly States
  • Be trained in domains like anti-submarine warfare, communications, gunnery, logistics, diving and hydrography
  • Lead the crew on-board State-of-the-art warships
  • Conduct under water inspection and repair of ships and other maritime assets

Pros & Cons of a Career in the Indian Navy

No end to your working hours. One has to follow an intense routine. You have to be efficient even though you are under pressure. Family life takes a back seat.
Provide personal and professional growth. One gains knowledge about various managing and administrative skills. Makes a person a disciplined being Both the individual and his/her family member enjoy the perks of belonging to a defence background starting from Free healthcare, education and retirement benefits.
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