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Architecture

Summary

An Architect designs new buildings, makes changes to existing buildings and advises on conservation and restoration of old buildings. These buildings can be commercial, such as office buildings, factories, and restaurants, as well as residential, such as apartment complexes. They work very closely with end users and clients to customize the designs to their needs and specifications. They make sure that these potential designs are safe, economical, functional and aesthetically pleasing. They often employ the use of Computer-Aided Design (CAD) software to diagram their designs and ensure their feasibility. They usually work on a project from start to finish and with lot of engineers and designers to ensure maximum customer satisfaction.

Career Opportunities in Architecture

  • Architect
    Architects work on planning, designing and oversight of construction of buildings. They can work either independently or for some architecture company or real estate developing firm.
  • Architecture Designer
    Architecture Designers are involved in the design of houses and other small buildings. They design various structures such as buildings, light-frame buildings including family homes, agricultural buildings, etc. They also design decorative facades for malls and buildings of various sizes.
  • Architectural Engineer
    Architectural Engineers have the dual qualifications of an architect and a civil engineer. They coalesce the principles of engineering with those of design to plan, design and construct highly efficient buildings.
  • Interior Designer
    Interior Designers create a balance between style and functionality to design comfortable and visually appealing living spaces for clients. They work independently or with firms to offer services in serene interiors, home interior, bedroom interior, bathroom interior, kitchen, furniture designing, luxury interiors etc.
  • Landscape Architect
    Landscape architects are concerned with the careful planning and design of public outdoor spaces such as parks and patios to ensure their beauty and practicality. An additional and increasingly important concern for landscape architects is to make their designs environment-friendly.
  • Naval Architect
    Naval Architects engage themselves in the design and construction of naval or water vessels for the government as well as private companies. They work at boatyards, shipyards, and ship design offices to design watercraft such as merchant ships, submarines, cruise liners, aircraft carriers, warships etc.

How to Become an Architect

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII in Any Stream (Maths compulsory)Pursue B.Arch for 5 yearsPursue M.Arch for 2 Years-
Path 2
Clear Class XII in Any Stream (Maths compulsory)Pursue B.Arch for 5 yearsPursue MURP for 2 years-

Important Facts

  • For Most colleges have eligibility performance criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII.
  • For B. Tech degree in Architecture, most colleges require a minimum score of 60% and for M. Tech and Ph.D. programs the eligibility criteria is 60% in B.Tech and M.Tech respectively.
  • Besides that some colleges/ universities also have an age limit.
  • For admissions into IITs, NITs and SPAs, the candidate is required to clear 10+2 with Physics/Chemistry/Mathematics.
  • However, for other institutions, candidates from all streams are eligible if they have Mathematics as a subject

Leading Institutes

Top Architecture Institutes in India
College Location Website
Department of Architecture, IIT Kharagpur Kharagpur www.iitkgp.ac.in
Department of Architecture, IIT Roorkee Roorkee www.iitr.ernet.in
Sir JJ College Of Architecture Mumbai www.sirjjarchitecture.org
Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh www.amu.ac.in/departmentpage.jsp?did=27
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology Bhopal www.manit.ac.in
Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture & Fine Arts University Hyderabad www.jnafau.ac.in
Faculty of Architecture & Ekistics, Jamia Millia Islamia New Delhi www.jmi.ac.in
School Of Planning and Architecture New Delhi www.spa.ac.in
Andhra University Vishakhapatnam www.andhrauniversity.edu.in/engg/arch/index.html
Chandigarh College Of Architecture Chandigarh www.cca.nic.in
Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT) Gujarat www.cept.ac.in
School Of Planning and Architecture Bhopal www.spabhopal.ac.in
Sushant School Of Art & Architecture (Ansal University) Gurgaon, Haryana www.ansaluniversity.edu.in/sushant-school-of-art-and-architecture
Department of Architecture, NIT Tiruchirappali Tiruchirappalli www.nitt.edu/home/academics/departments/architecture
Department of Architecture, NIT Calicut Tiruchirappalli www.nitc.ac.in
Manipal School of Architecture & Planning Manipal, Karnataka www.manipal.edu/foa.html
Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra Jharkhand www.bitmesra.ac.in
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU) New Delhi www.ipu.ac.in
Top Architecture Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States www.web.mit.edu
Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London United Kingdom www.bartlett.ucl.ac.uk/architecture
University of California, Berkeley (UCB) United States www.berkeley.edu
Delft University of Technology Netherlands www.tudelft.nl/en
Harvard University United States www.harvard.edu
National University of Singapore Singapore www.nus.edu.sg
University of Cambridge United Kingdom www.cam.ac.uk
Tsinghua University China www.tsinghua.edu.cn/publish/newthuen
The University of Tokyo Japan www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/en/index.html
The University of Sydney Australia www.sydney.edu.au
University of British Columbia Canada www.ubc.ca/academics

Architecture Entrance Exams

Undergraduate
College Tentative Date Important Elements Website
National Aptitude Test for Architecture (NATA) April-August Drawing, Aesthetic sensitivity www.nata.in/2016
JEE Main (Paper 2) April Maths, Drawing, Aptitude www.jeemain.nic.in/webinfo/Public/Home.aspx
JEE Advanced May Physics, Chemistry, Maths www.jeeadv.ac.in
Architecture Aptitude Test (AAT) June Freehand drawing, Geometrical Drawing, Three-dimensional perception, Imagination and aesthetic sensitivity, Architectural awareness www.jeeadv.ac.in/aat
BITSAT May Physics, Chemistry, Maths, English and Logical Reasoning www.bitsadmission.com/bitsatmain.aspx
Undergraduate Common Entrance Examination for Design (UCEED) January Visualization and Spatial Ability, Observation and Design Sensitivity, Environmental and Social Awareness, Analytical and Logical Reasoning, Language and Creativity, Design Thinking and Problem Solving www.iitb.ac.in/uceed/2016
Maharashtra Architecture Common Entrance Test (MH Arch CET) May Maths, Aptitude, Drawing www.mhtcet2016.co.in
Postgraduate
Institution Tentative Date Important Elements Website
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) January to February Architecture and Design, Building Materials, Construction and Management, Building and Structures, Environmental Planning and Design, Urban Design, Urban Planning and Housing, Planning Techniques and Management, Services, Infrastructure and Transportation www.gate.iisc.ernet.in
Common Entrance Examination for Design (CEED) December Interaction Design and Visual Communication, Problem identification & solving, Sketching Representation techniques, Visual perception Poster, Logo, Character designing, Story telling, Interface design & Product Design, Basics of materials and manufacturing processes www.gate.iitb.ac.in/ceed2016

Work Description

Architects design new buildings & also modify existing buildings. They also help in the restoration and protection of old buildings.
Typical work activities include
  • Discussing about the aims, needs and financial plan of a project
  • Formulating, designing and presenting possible plans & drawings to the client;
  • Recommending to the client the functionality of their plans;
  • Working within the given budget and time limit
  • Bargaining with multiple service providers and contractors
  • Managing the project and ensuring timely and proper functioning of service providers
  • Supervise projects from its starting stage to its completion stage
  • Frequent site visits to know about the development of the projects
  • Solving complications and matters that surface during construction stage
  • Ensuring that the ecological balance of the project is achieved

Pros & Cons of a Career in Architecture

Pros
  • Architecture is a very rewarding and satisfying career for those who are driven by the need for creativity in their field of work.
  • Architects work in environments that are continually changing, where they are faced by diverse challenges everyday. Thus, the likelihood of boredom is very low.
  • It is a highly respectable career that will make you feel good about yourself.
  • Architects make a difference to our surroundings, ensuring that our living environment is safe, practical and aesthetically pleasing.
Cons
  • Architects are required to undergo lengthy and extensive training.
  • Salary compensations received by architects are average, and a bit on the low side compared to other professions that require similar amount of training and specialization.
  • Architects are expected to carry the project through to the deadline, which can often mean working overtime and at odd hours.
  • It is subject to changes in the economy and the real estate market, and is thus volatile.
Are you fit for a career in Architecture?

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