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Occupational Therapist


Occupational therapist helps the clients to achieve satisfied state in life. They design some purposeful activity or interventions to promote health, prevent injury or disability. They work with clients on a one-to-one basis and they design treatment programmers to suit each person's needs and lifestyle. The work could include programs like teaching an older patient recovering from a stroke how to dress themselves, encouraging someone suffering with depression to take up a hobby or activity which they enjoyed earlier, helping clients adjust to permanent disabilities etc.

Career Opportunities as an Occupational Therapist

  • Hospital / Clinic
    In the hospital setting they observe patients doing tasks, ask them questions to understand them better, review their medical history and design programs to improve their conditions.
  • Charities or voluntary organizations
    The job profile of an occupational therapist in an NGO include helping the clients to manage their daily activities. They make them independent. Clients in the NGO may have mental, physical or social difficulties.
  • Prisons
    Occupational therapists in prisons plan various activities for the prisoners in order to teach them job skills to maximum inmates inside a correctional facility. They assist with the release planning of inmates through a re-entry program. This assures success in living and working environment after being incarcerated.
  • Companies and Businesses
    They analyze and study the working environment in the organizations. They develop better working conditions and methodologies for the employees.
  • Social Services Departments
    They help to regain skills that patients have lost because of illness or disability. They identify equipment and home adaptations to help the patients with everyday activities.
  • Special Schools
    They work in special schools and work with the students to improve their performance. They are concerned with understanding student's skills and abilities and the expectations placed on him/her in the school setting.
  • Private Practice
    They practicing privately within their own clinic.

How to Become an Occupational Therapist

Stream Graduation After Graduation After Post Graduation
Path 1
Clear Class XII with Science Stream with BiologyPursue Bachelor in Occupational Therapy for 4.5 years (4 years study + 6 months internship)Pursue Masters in Occupational Therapy for 2-3 yearsPursue Doctorate in Occupational Therapy for 2 years

Important Facts

  • Most college have eligibility criteria of minimum 50% aggregate marks in Class XII / and some of minimum 60%.
  • Must have passed class 12thor senior secondary examination with at least 50% marks including English.
  • Some colleges/ universities also have an age limit (17 at 31st December of the year of admission).

Leading Institutes

Top Occupational Therapy Institutes in India
College Location Website
All India Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Mumbai
Christian Medical College Vellore
Seth GordhandasSunderdas Medical College Mumbai
School of Allied Health Sciences Manipal
Jamia Hamdard Deemed University Delhi
National Institute for the Orthopedically Handicapped Kolkata
National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research Cuttack, Odisha
Kovai Medical Center Research and Educational Trust Coimbatore
JKK College of Occupational Therapy Tamil Nadu
S.R.M. Institute of Medical Science and Research Chennai
Topiwala National Medical College & Nair Hospital Mumbai
Top Occupational Therapy Institutes in the World
Institution Location Website
University Of Southern California USA
Sargent College USA
University of Illios USA
University of Kanas Medical Centre USA
London South Bank University UK
University of Derby UK
University of Sydney Australia
University of Canberra Australia

Work Description

Occupational therapist helps in case of disabilities to independently manage their day to day tasks. Some of the key tasks they manage include:

  • Advise on special equipment which can be used to assist in day to day activities
  • Create recovery and rehabilitation programme to help in rebuilding skills and capabilities
  • Train and mentor people with learning disabilities
  • Liaison with doctors, patients family & medical support staff
  • Train patient on soft skills such as anger & anxiety management
  • Build strong relationship and trust with patients and concerned stakeholders

Pros & Cons of a Career as an Occupational Therapist

  • It is satisfying to bring a change in someone's life and bring a change.
  • You can work in different areas according to your preference.
  • You can work independently and set up your clinic.
  • You should be very patient with the patients.
  • It can be very frustrating if the clients don't respond.
  • The field requires critical thinking and good problem solving skills.
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