Treatment research (also called "clinical trials") generally involves an intervention such as medication, psychotherapy, new devices, or new approaches to surgery or radiation therapy.
Prevention research looks for better ways to prevent disorders from developing or returning. Different kinds of prevention research may study medicines, vitamins, vaccines, minerals, or lifestyle changes.
This refers to the practice of looking for better ways to identify a particular disorder or condition.
Screening research aims to find the best ways to detect certain disorders or health conditions.
Quality of life
Also known as "supportive care," this research explores ways to improve comfort and the quality of life for individuals with a chronic illness.
Genetic studies aim to improve the prediction of disorders by identifying and understanding how genes and illnesses may be related. Research in this area may explore ways in which a person's genes make him or her more or less likely to develop a disorder. This may lead to development of tailor-made treatments based on the patient's genetic make-up
Epidemiological studies seek to identify the patterns, causes, and control of disorders in groups of people.