Engineering is among the most preferred professions for students, highly recommended by families and held in high regard by society. The domain is known for its reliability, leading many to believe it is a rather stable field. Engineering is a field that necessitates mathematical methods, scientific ideas, and experimental facts to generate, analyse, and construct practical solutions. A career in engineering degree is the first requirement, followed by an above-average CGPA to obtain a good job.
However, one of the most crucial questions to ask yourself while building a career in engineering in India is which branch best meets your career and personal needs. Many students pick a common branch rather than an area that matches their career and personal goals. This occurs when a person lacks the necessary resources or knowledge to reach an informed selection. Here are all of the facts about the various Engineering fields to ensure you make the best decision for a career in engineering.
Branches of Engineering
1. Computer Science Engineering
This field is well-known for designing and prototyping various computing devices and associated systems. It primarily addresses diverse methods of embedding computational logic into physical systems once correctly translated. Computer Science Engineering is concerned with systematically analysing algorithmic techniques for mapping information. The information that has been mapped covers architecture, concept, application, implementation, and performance. Furthermore, it is concerned with the research of building and implementing distributed platforms for converting multimedia into a data stream.
Some of the career prospects for a career in engineering with a computer science degree include software engineer, programmer, application developer, web analyst, and network engineer.
2. Mechanical Engineering
This discipline of Engineering analyses the design, manufacture, operation, and maintenance procedures of all components and machinery. Mechanical engineering is growing in response to technological advancements in production, machine design, space research, sustainable energy, and fluid dynamics. Mechanical engineering encompasses air conditioning, power plants, huge industrial machinery, vehicles, and even the most basic domestic appliances.
The job roles for a career in engineering with a degree in mechanical engineering include maintenance engineer, automotive engineer, government agencies, and manufacturing industries.
3. Electronics Engineering
Electronic engineers are needed to form, experiment, and help advance electronic parts and hardware in various sectors such as manufacturing and communication systems such as stereo, smartphones, television, and satellite technology as well as data transmission devices such as ATMs, laptops, and so on. As an electronics engineer, one will also need to work on medical tools and transportation technologies such as navigation systems. Electronic engineers also have competence in the creation of household appliances. Learn more about the interesting facts about electronics and communication engineering.
The career in engineering for an electronics engineer includes system engineer, network engineer, signal engineer, telecommunications, and electronic components manufacturing.
4. Electrical Engineering
Electrical Engineering focuses on principles relating to electrical devices and systems and the use of electricity. The Electrical Engineering curriculum teaches principles such as electromagnetism for the transfer, production, collection, transmission, management, and energy transformation.
Electrical engineers can take up jobs as instrumentation engineers, electrical designers, power station engineers, and wiring specialists for a career in engineering.
5. Civil Engineering
This Engineering field is concerned with the building and designing various physical constructions. It is regarded as one of the ancient engineering disciplines. Civil engineering also entails studying and working on canals, highways, bridges, housing developments, and reservoirs. Some branches of civil engineering are structural engineering, environmental engineering, and transport engineering.
The career prospects for a civil engineer include construction engineer, transport engineer, highways engineer, urban planning engineer, and geotechnical engineer.
6. Aerospace Engineering
Aerospace Engineering, among the most demanded engineering fields, is associated with the development and building of spaceships and aeroplanes. It is further split into two Engineering branches: Astronautical Engineering and Aeronautical Engineering. While Astronautical Engineering is concerned with aircraft that function outside of the earth’s atmosphere, Aeronautical Engineering is concerned with a craft that functions within the earth’s atmosphere. Aerospace Engineering is primarily concerned with the layout, management, building, inspection, and advancement of rockets, aircraft, and satellites.
The job opportunities for an aerospace engineer are in the defence sector, aviation companies, missiles and rockets manufacturing, and research and design of aircraft.
Biotechnology is concerned with the fundamentals of Applied Biology and Chemical Engineering. It includes the study of living creatures for medical purposes, engineering technologies, and various other uses. Biotechnology has a broad reach since it includes concepts such as genetic engineering and cell and tissue technologies. It investigates numerous technologies applied to various living cells, which are subsequently utilised to make products or improve the quality of an existing product.
The career prospects for a biotechnology engineer include biomedical engineer, microbiologist, healthcare engineer, food research scientist, and quality control engineer.
This Engineering field is intricately related to others. Electronics, telecommunication, control systems, and mechanical engineering are covered in Mechatronics Engineering. The course covers various engineering topics, including real-time computer interface, controls and actuators, sensors, and modelling. A Mechatronics engineer can work in any field, including Artificial Intelligence.
The job opportunities for a mechatronics engineer include nanotechnology, robotics, automation engineer, and control systems engineer.
Engineers utilise abstract concepts and use science and mathematics to create things that fulfil human requirements. As the demand for engineers with specialised skills and expertise in a focus area grows, so does the demand for engineers with knowledge of a unique sector. The career in engineering salary depends on the level of expertise and the branch chosen. Entry-level jobs usually pay around 3.5 to 4.5 lakhs to fresher engineers, while this figure significantly rises to several lakhs with continued experience and upskilling.
Engineering has evolved over the years, and their career opportunities have grown with several technological advancements. Engineering in the 21st century is not limited to just a few sectors but is more about interdisciplinary innovations that make life easier.
Although all the branches of engineering are vital for the world, students must wisely choose the branch of engineering as per their preference. It can be not easy to figure out exactly which branch of engineering would meet your curiosity and liking. You can avail career counseling online to predict the favourable engineering branch for your career.
Are you still confused regarding your decision to plan a career in Engineering; then you should join our ‘Virtual Internship Programs’ in Mechanical Engineering and get yourself upskilled and certified by Mindler and resolve all your doubts.